The Holocaust Historiography Project
Auschwitz, by J.-C. Pressac
II/ Declaration by Pery BROAD concerning “the two farmhouses":
"Not far from Birkenau, which was rapidly expanding, there were two pretty and neat peasant cottages in a pleasant site. Separated by a copse, they were whitewashed and covered with nice thatched roofs. All around were fruit trees. This was one's impression at first sight.

Nobody would have believed that the number of people assassinated in these two inoffensive looking houses corresponded to the population of a big town. However, a careful observer would have noticed first of all on the walls of these houses signs with an inscription in several languages: “to disinfection”. He would then have discovered that the houses had no windows, but on the other hand had an astonishing number of doors of an extraordinary thickness, sealed with rubber and fitted with latches that could be screwed tight. Near to these doors there were small wooden shutters.

He would also have noticed, beside these houses, several big stable type huts, similar to those prisoners lived in at Birkenau”
Comments:
There is perhaps a translation error with word “copse”. Replacing this by “small wood”, the declaration validates itself. In this case Pery Broad can be speaking only of Bunker 2 (white cottage with an astonishing number of doors see Document 5), though also he mentions the existence of Bunker 1 that he never seems to have seen. The doors sealed with rubber are entirely imaginary. They were sealed with felt. The inscription “to disinfection” in several languages would appear to show that Broad was in fact talking of the installation known as Bunker V in summer 1944. His declaration therefore concerns Bunker 2/V only
III/ The testimony of Rudolf HOESS ["Commandant of Auschwitz”, page 211]
"During the spring of 1942 the actions were comparatively small, but the transports increased in the summer, and we were compelled to construct a further extermination building. The peasant farmstead west of the future site of crematoria III and IV [IV and V] was selected and made ready. Two huts near Bunker 1 and three near Bunker 2 were erected, in which the victims undressed. Bunker 2 was the larger and could hold about 1200 people.
[or about 13 people per square meter, a physically impossible density].

Document 4: Drawing 3 Document 4, Drawing 3
Foundation plan [Drawing by the author]

Translation of inscriptions:
· Nord, Sud, Est, Ouest / North, South, East, West
· BUNKER 2 (dit maison blanche de Birkenau /
BUNKER 2 (known us the Birkenau “white house")
· Plan proportionnel des fondations restantes du Bunker No 2 / Scale plan of the remaining foundations of Bunker 2
· Les portes d'entrees sont figurées par des flèches bleues, celles de sortie par des vertes et les orifices d'introduction du Zyklon-B par des rouges (d'aprés le témoignage de Szlam[y] Dragon /
The entrance doors (E) are shown by blue arrows, the exit doors (S) by green and the Zyklon B introduction orifices by red (based on the testimony of Szlam[y] Dragon).
Extracts from “Der Auschwitz Prozess” by Hermann Langbein, Volume 1

Page 72: Testimony of Dr. Johann Paul KREMER, reserve Second Lieutenant, who was at Auschwitz from 30/8/42 to 18/11/42.
"Old farmhouses had been converted into bunkers and fitted with a sliding door that closed perfectly. Above there was an opening. Naked men were sent in there. They entered without suspecting anything, very few resisted and these were taken aside and shot. The gas was introduced by a member of the SS. To do this, he had to climb a ladder” ...
[It is impossible to say whether Dr. Kremer is speaking of Bunker 1 or 2].

Page 73: Testimony of SS private HÖBLINGER, replying questions:
” I was detailed to the transport service and I drove the Sanka (abbreviation for Sanitätskraftwagen / medical truck) which was to carry the prisoners …

Then we drove to the gas chambers. The medical orderlies climbed a ladder, they had gas masks up there, and emptied the cans. I was able to observe the prisoners while they were undressing. It always proceeded quietly and without them suspecting anything. It happened very quickly.”

Presiding Judge: “How long did the gassing take?”

Höblinger: “About one minute. When the gas penetrated, we could hear cries of horror. One minute afterwards, everything was silent. The gas was brought in cans by the SDG (Sanitätsdienstgrade/SS NCO medical orderlies) ...”
[It is again impossible to situate this scene specifically at Bunker 1 or 2]