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Copy of document 3615-PS
Frankfurt/Main (Germany), 29 September 1945 To: Benedict S. Deinhard From: Walter W. Ostrow Subject: Examination of the Records of the Reichskreditkasse. An examination of the records of the Reichskreditkasse in our possession show that a large part of the occupation costs which Germany collected from France was used, in contravention of international law, for purposes other than actual occupation needs. Contributions made by defeated France to cover the costs of occupation were used to pay for raw materials, foodstuffs, and other goods which were diverted from France to Germany. Special Government procurement agencies were created for such purposes. Funds from this source were used also for the acquisition of securities, paintings, and other objects of art; for the purchase of radio equipment for Germany, of gold seized by the Germans in France, of Rumanian currency for the use of the Wehrmacht in Rumania, and books for libraries in the Reich destroyed by air raids. Occupation funds were used also to defray the cost of support to dependents of laborers recruited in France for work in Germany, to finance the operations of the SS and the German customs and internal revenue service in France, and for propaganda purposes by the Foreign Office. With respect to most of these charges the records of the Reichskreditkasse contain indisputable evidence. For the others, that is, for those cases for which the records offer only indications to this effect, confirmatory evidence was obtained through the interrogation of Anton Wilz, one of the two directors of the Reichsbank who managed the Reichskreditkasse in Berlin. A signed copy of a statement, prepared by Herr Wilz at my request, containing information with regard to the use of occupation funds for certain types of expenditures not related to the occupation is attached as inclosure No. 2. According to a statement contained in a letter from the German Armistice Commission for Economic Affairs (p. 22; Note This and all following page references are to inclosure No. 1 containing excerpts from pertinent parts of the Reichskreditkasse records,) the French Government paid in occupation costs for the period from 25 June 1940 until 5 September 1944 the equivalent of approximately 31.6 billion RM converted at the official rate of 1 RM — 20 ffrs. This was exclusive of the cost of providing quarters for German troops for which the French Government was held responsible. (P. 8). Until 10 May 1941, occupation costs were collected at the rate of 20 million RM per day. From then on until the Allied invasion of North Africa and the German occupation of all France which followed, that is, during the period when Germany sought to win the support of the French people, the rate was reduced to 15 million RM. From 11 November 1942 and until 5 September 1944, occupation costs were paid at the rate of 25 million RM per day, making a daily average for the entire occupation period of 20.6 million RM (p. 22). In the early part of the occupation, German expenditures from occupation costs funds were far below the actual payments. By the end of 1940, expenditures were somewhat more than one-third of the actual payments made by France. In the following year, expenditures were only slightly lower than the French payments. In 1942, they were far in excess of the payments. From then on and until the end of the occupation, French payments and German expenditures roughly balanced. By 31 August 1944, the unused German balance was only 276 RM, a very small sum compared with the total French occupation payments of 31.6 billion (p. 23). Incidentally, a comparison of the French occupation costs payments and the amount which Nazi Germany spent for rearmament in the prewar years, as well as the reparation amounts paid by Germany paid after World War I, shows that the occupation costs exacted from France were disproportionately large. When Hitler marched into Poland, he boasted that under the Nazi regime, Germany had spent in 6½ years 90 billion RM for rearmament. This corresponds roughly to an annual average of only 1.5 billion RM which Germany paid in reparations under the Dawes and Young plans. A brief analysis of French occupation costs payments and German expenditures from this source indicates that it was Germany’s policy in the later years of the war to exhaust the occupation cost payments by diverting a large part of the funs from this source for purposes other than the occupation requirements. Since the actual occupation costs were much lower than the French payments, this policy tended to impoverish defeated France and to deplete its resources. (In this connection it should be pointed out that in addition to the 31.6 billion RM which Germany collected in occupation cost, it was heavily indebted to France in the Clearing. France was Germany’s largest Clearing creditor. In September 1943, the German Clearing debt to France was 4.4 billions RM.) The available records of the Reichskreditkasse offer adequate evidence in this respect. In his signed statement, attached as inclosure No. 2, Herr Wilz estimates, without setting specific instances, that approximately 6.3 billion RM. Of occupation funds, covering different groups of expenditures, were used for purposes not related to the occupation army (besatzungsfremde Zwecke). This figure, correspond- [Page 325] ing roughly to one-fifth of the total occupation costs paid by France, does not include amounts which may have been spent secretly by the German Army itself. Information on this point may be contained in the secret files of the Reichskreditkasse, which according to Wilz, are still in Berlin. Dr. Hollwich, the Chief Paymaster of the German Army in France, whose name appears often in the examined records, should also be in a position to supply information on this point. The Reichskreditkasse in Paris maintained two sets of occupation costs accounts: Account A and its 10 subaccounts, into which payments were made on behalf of various Reich Ministries, certain Reich agencies, or for specified purposes; Account B into which payments were made for disposal by the Wehrmacht. The actual expenditures for the occupation army were made through Account B. Funds in the main Account A were reserved for the Reich Ministry of Finance. This account was opened, as soon as France began to make occupation cost payments, by the transfer of 1,140,000,000 RM from the Wehrmacht’s occupation funds. From this account funds were transferred to the various subaccounts for purposes other than expenditures for actual occupation costs. Transfers into Account A I were made also from Account B (roughly 1,200,000 RM). The subaccounts were used to make payments for the following purposes (p. 33): June 1940 to end of 1943 ------------------- A I Reich Minister for RM 1,518,000,000 Economic Affairs. (Primarily for the buying agency, “Roges", also for the purchase of securities and Devisen.) A II Foreign Office (for 27,000,000 propaganda purposes in France) A III Payment of support 1,500,000 to dependents of laborers recruited in France for work in Germany. A IV Reich Minister for 2,500,000 Transportation (purchase of securities) A V Paris Agency for 19,000,000 the Reichstierstelle (Reich Agency for Animals) — imports of meat and meat products. A VI Exchange by the 900,000 Bank of France of RM notes for persons evacuated from Alsace- [Page 326] Lorraine. A VII Financing purchases 1,285,000 of raw sugar in North France by sugar refinery in South Germany A VIII Compensation for 8,500,000 war damage to Reichsdeutsche and Volksdeutsche in France. A IX Sale of French 66,000,000 francs to the Reich (Commodity imports into Alsace- Lorraine.) A X Reich Minister of 1,000,000 Education (Purchases for libraries in the Reich of books destroyed in air raids). [Explanations supplied by Herr Wilz.] The Chief Paymaster of the German Army in France, the German Armistice Commission, and the French Minister of Finance complained on several occasions against the large cash withdrawals from occupation funds. It appears that the Reich Minster for Economic Affairs and the Four-Year Plan were largely responsible for this development, as such funds were used by their agents in France to pay for purchases of certain goods in the black market for shipment to Germany. The Chief Paymaster, in particular, complained repeatedly that the use of occupation funds for such purposes threatened to deplete his own financial reserves. In a communication from the German Armistice Commission to the Foreign Office in Berlin, dated 4 May 1944, (p. 18) this problem was discussed at some length. The communication pointed out that the cash reserves for urgent demands in the event of an Allied invasion of France were being rapidly depleted through black market purchases and that it was imperative that the use of occupation funds for purposes not related to the Wehrmacht [wehrmacht/fremde Zwecke] be curtailed as much as possible. Similar views were expressed in an earlier undated draft of a letter to the Foreign Office (written apparently in April 1943) suggesting drastic measures. Among these was a recommendation to make payments through the Clearing for “legal exports from France to Germany, which heretofore were paid from occupation funds,” and to discontinue the use of such funds for black market purchases after June 30, 1943. (Pp. 27-28). On one occasion, when the French Minister of Finance complained to the German Armistice Delegation against the large cash withdrawals, the Reichskreditkasse in Paris, in response to a request for some explanation, compiled a list of the amounts paid [Page 327] out by it in cash during January 1943. According to this compilation, 440 million RM were withdrawn in cash during that month. The various German officials concerned, including the Chief Paymaster of the German Army in France, after studying the submitted figures, came to the conclusion that of this amount approximately 300 million RM were required for purchases in the black market, leaving only 140 million RM for normal Army requirements (p. 29). In another communication, this time to the German Military Commander, dated 9 November 1942, the French Minister of Finance declared that he had proof that French notes, paid as occupation costs, had been channeled to Brussels and to Berlin (p.35). The records of the Reichskreditkasse and supplementary information obtained from Herr Wilz, orally and in writing, show that the following German agencies figured prominently in connection with expenditures of occupation costs funds for purposes not related to the army of occupation. Roges, Rohstoffhandelsgesellschaft m.b.H. Eichtel Pimitex Reichsgesellschaft fuer Landbewirtschaftung m.b.H. (Reichsland) Warenhandelsgesellschaft Wirtschaftsstelle I. O.K.H. Interkommerziale. According to a German economic history of the war, Roges purchased in France for use in Germany primarily strategic materials such as, metals wool leather rubber chemicals oils and fats precious metals etc. tobacco. Roges also sold in Germany goods confiscated in France. For the payment of such goods, the owners were referred to the Paymaster of the Wehrmacht in France. According to the same source, the paymaster complained because Roges paid, after deducting its costs, only 60 to 70 percent of the invoice value of such goods and the Wehrmacht had to pay subsequently from the occupation account the difference between the actual proceeds and the invoice value. )See p. 121 of Kriegsgeschichte Wehrwi. Rue Frankreich II.Teil.). [Page 328] The records do not show clearly what amounts were withdrawn from occupation costs for Roges. According to Herr Wilz, the withdrawals were made from subaccount A I of the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs. The statement of occupation costs receipts and withdrawals shows that by the end of 1943 approximately 1.5 billion RM (1,518,139,424.49 RM) were paid out from this account (p.33), presumably mostly for Roges. According to the Reichsbankhauptstelle in Strassburg, Roges used only large denomination notes for black market operations in France (p.48). Kurt Eichel was engaged in purchases of securities, gold, and Devisen for the Four-Year Plan (p.17). The records of the Reichskreditkasse offer little indication as to the amount of occupation costs spent by him for such purposes. Pimitex, according to Wilz, was an agency of the Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions (Dr. Speer). It performed in Belgium and Northern France functions similiar [sic] to those of Roges. Pimitex does not figure prominently in the examined records. A statement showing withdrawals from Occupation Costs Account B in April 1944 indicates that 20 million RM were withdrawn by Pimitex in that month (p.17). Reichsland (p.17), as its full German name applies, is a Reich agency for land cultivation. Wilz states that it may have used occupation funds for imports into Germany of French agricultural products. Warenhandelsgesellschaft, according to Wilz, was a purchasing agency operating in Belgium and Northern France under the jurisdiction of the German Military Commander in Belgium. Its functions were similar to those of Roges. Wirtschaftsstelle I (O.K.H.) was a purchasing agency of the Supreme Army Command. Interkommerziale, according to Wilz, was a Berlin firm which served as purchasing agent in France. It was presumably a subsidiary of the Berliner Handelsgesellschaft. In the first half of 1943 it withdrew from the Reichskreditkasse approximately 35 million RM (pp. 26/28/29). Occupation funds were used also to defray the cost of war risk insurance for exports to Germany. Wilz estimates these payments at 50 million per calendar quarter. Since these payments were begun in the fall of 1942, the total amount used for this purpose is estimated by him at 400,000,000 RM. The somewhat mysterious Account 1006, maintained by the Main Administration of the Reichskreditkasse at the Reichsbank in Berlin, was used in special cases. According to the Reichs- [Page 329] kreditkasse, Berlin, Eugen Brueschwiler, Munich, used this account in January 1944 for the transfer of 110,000 RM to Rudolf Holzapfel, Paris. Wilz states that both parties to this transaction are art dealers. Delbrueck Schickler & Co., Berlin, transferred 200,000 RM to Prof. Hermann Voss in Paris. The latter is also an art dealer. These amounts were obviously used for the purchase of paintings or other objects of art. In the same month, the Deutsche Goldiskontbank transferred 150,000 RM to Otto Wolff in Paris. This amount was used presumably for the purchase of securities (p.19). The examined records show several withdrawals from occupation funds by Hermann Brandel. Wilz states that Brandel served as an agent for the purchase of paintings and other objects of art. In the second quarter of 1943 Brandel withdrew from the Reichskreditkasse in Paris, according to a letter to the Armistice Delegation (pp.25 and 26), 120 million RM. In February 1943 he withdrew 122.7 million RM (p.28), in January 1943, 35 million RM (p.29), and in October 1942, 20 million RM (p.36). According to the attached statement signed by Wilz (inclosure No. 2 and the English translation), Account 1006 was used to make payments for objects of art also by the Nazi Party Chancellery and by the Reichsbank itself. For other instances of misuse of occupation costs, attention is invited in particular to the following: 1. Confidential letter to the Reich Minister of Finance, dated 10 December 1940, relative to the 5 million RM fund established for the Reichs Minister of Transportation for the purchase through the German Gold Discount Bank, of certain securities in France (p.5). The statement of occupations costs receipts and withdrawals shows that by the end of 1943, approximately 2,500,000 RM were withdrawn for this purpose from Account A IV mentioned in that letter (p.31). 2. The account of the Luxemburg branch of the Deutsche Bank at the Reichskreditkasse in Brussels for the financing of commodity imports into Luxemburg from the occupied French area. Wilz explained that since the funds (150,000 RM) were withdrawn from Account A of the Reich Minister of Finance, they constituted occupation costs (p.5). 3. Confidential letter of the Reichs Minister of Finance dated 18 December 1940, relative to the transfer of 1,500,000 RM to Account A III “for the payment of support to dependents of laborers recruited in France for work in Germany” (p.6). This [Page 330] account is mentioned also in the statement of occupation costs receipts and withdrawals on p.33, 4. The use of occupation costs for the payment of foodstuffs, purchased in Spain (letter from the Reich Minister of Finance, dated 3 August 1940). The amount involved is not given in this letter. Wilz suggested that it could be ascertained in the records of the Reich Minister of Finance (p.7). 5. Letter from the Reich Minister of Finance, dated 14 September 1942, relative to the payment for small arms obtained for the German Navy in Spain. Wilz explained, in this connection, that the German troops stationed in France comprised two categories: fighting units and occupation troops. For purposes of occupation costs, the Germans made no differentiation between the two categories (p.9). 6. Letter from the Military Commander in France, dated 1 September 1942, stating that the Organization Todt and the SS were receiving funds required by them from occupation costs (p.13). 7. Memorandum for the files relative to a communication from the Foreign Office that the Supreme Army Command did, or was supposed to, make available 25 million ffrs. To the Rumanian National Bank (p.13). 8. Letter from the Supreme Army Command, dated 22 May 1942, to the effect that the above amount was being made available from French occupation costs for the purpose of financing Wehrmacht expenditures in Rumania (p.14). 9. Memorandum for the files, dated 14 February 1942, showing that occupation funds were used to cover the expenditures of German customs guards in France, although it was admitted that their function included such tasks as “confiscation of flight capital of emigrated Jews” (p.15). 10. Letter from the Reichskreditkasse, dated 3 March 1944, explaining the use of Account 1006 (p.19). Wilz states that approximately 90 percent of the huge profits of German construction firms operating in France were transferred under a general license. 11. Report of the Reichskreditkasse of 30 October 1943 showing that 110 million RM from Account B were earmarked for purchases of wheat. Wilz admits reluctantly that this wheat was intended presumably for consumption within Germany (p.21). 12. Letter from Treibacker Chemische Werke, Vienna, relative to the purchase of 11,800 shares of Societe Miniere & Industrielle France Bresillienne", Paris (p.34). [Page 331] 13. Two letters from Reichskreditkasse to Reich Minister of Finance, written in August and July 1943 respectively, indicating that it purchased gold with French francs from the `Devisenschutzkommando' on behalf of the Reichsbank (p.25). [signed] Walter W. Ostrow ------- Enclosure No. 1 to Memorandum prepared by Mr. Ostrow for Mr. Deinhard, dated 29 September 1945 Excerpt from Correspondence Contained in BAND I (II/38) Banque de France Office des Changes (Besetzungskosten Frankr.) From Oberkommando des Heeres, Hauptquartier OKH 4.9.41 to Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen: The Reichskreditkasse in Paris is to be instructed to transfer from Occupation Account B 200 million ffrs. To Account No. 742 “Warenhandelsgesellschaft Berlin.” ------- From Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen, dated Berlin 6 September 1941, to Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Berlin, to the effect that the Tresor Public Francais paid on 30 August 1941 RM 150 million as occupation costs for the period 1 to 10 September, 1941. ------- Similar letter dated 29 August 1941 to the effect that Tresor Public Francais paid on 21 August 1941 RM 165 million as occupation costs for the period 21 to 31 August 1941. ------- From Der Reichsminister der Finanzen, Berlin, 6 August 1941 to Reichshapkasse, Berlin: The Reichsminister for Economic Affairs has advised that the authorization granted to the firm of Kupperbusch und Soehne AG, Gelsenkirchen, to pay 250,000 RM into Giro Account No. 742 "Warenhandelsgesellschaft” in the Reichsbank for the payment in France for the equivalent in ffrs. Had been withdrawn. Accordingly, the Minister of Finance in- [Page 332] structs the Reichskreditkasse to deduct the RM equivalent from the Budget for Extraordinary Receipts for 1941 under the heading, “Sale of French francs from occupation payments made by France (Special Account A I).” ------- From Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen, Berlin, 9 July 1941 to Reichshauptkasse, Berlin, to the effect that in general the Reichskreditkasse charged all green and greed- red striped checks paid in France in the [p.2] currency of that country, to the Occupation Account B … If it was not intended to debit Account B, such amounts could be charged only to Account A as, otherwise, there would be no ffrs. Available. ------- From Reichs Ministry for Economic Affairs, Berlin, 10 June 1941, to the Chief Mayor of Berlin to the effect that the arrangement authorizing the city of Berlin to purchase textile goods in France aggregating 6 million RM had been changed. The new authorization covered purchases only up to 5.4 million RM and provided that the remaining 600,000 RM should be transferred back to Germany. ------- From Reichsminister der Finanzen 19 April 1941 to Reichskreditkasse in Brussels, setting up a special account known as “Occupation Costs, France B R.” This account pertained to redeemed requisition receipts and constituted a subaccount of Account B. ------- From Reichsbank Direktorium 16 April 1941 to Reichskreditkasse, Brussels, stating that the Reichskreditkasse had until that time sold ffrs. To the Reichsbank aggregating 78.1 million RM. Of this amount, approximately 66 million RM were used to pay for imports to Alsace-Lorraine, the remainder of approximately 12 million RM was made available to the Reichsbank for sale to members of the German Army and military finance offices. By virtue of an instruction of the Reichsminister of Finance, dated 19 February 1941, and in agreement with a letter to this effect from the Reichsbank, dated 6 March 1941, these amounts were withdrawn from Occupation Accounts A and B in Paris. The [Page 333] Reichsminister for Economic Affairs, in a letter dated 21 February 1941, had approved this arrangement. The Reichskreditkasse, which at first advanced these amounts in French francs from its own cash holdings, charged 66 million RM to the account, “Occupation Costs, France A” of the Reichsministry of Finance and 12 million RM to the account "Occupation Costs, France B", of the Supreme Army Command [p.3]. ------- From Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen dated Brussels 16 April 1941 to Reichskreditkassen, Lille, France: The withdrawals by green and green-red striped checks in March 1941 were 17 million RM lower than in February 1941. For purposes of camouflage the Reichskreditkasse is hereby instructed to withdraw from the Bank of France in Lille a special amount of 200 million ffrs. And to increase the cash on hand by a corresponding amount. This letter was marked `confidential.' ------- By a similar letter addressed to the Reichskreditkasse, Rouen, the head of that bank was instructed to make a special withdrawal of 200 million ffrs. Any surplus francs resulting from this withdrawal were to be transferred to the Reichskreditkasse in Paris. Note: According to Wilz, these withdrawals were intended to camouflage German military operations in preparation for the then impending invasion of Russia. ------- From Reichsbank Director Reblin, Berlin, 10 April 1941, to Director Wilz advising the latter that Reblin had been informed by Reichsbank Director Jost on 1 April as follows: “With reference to your letter of 27 March 1941, a copy of which has just been received here, I have the honor to advise you that the Bank of France carries the following accounts: 1. Account N.8. “Administration Centrale des Reichskreditkassen (Frais d'occupation concernant le chef de l'administration militaire en France).” “The amount of the account at present is approximately 2.6 billion RM. This is the RM account. In this account entries are made for all occupation costs and the RKK notes redeemed by the Bank of France. [Page 334] 2. Account No./20 of the Reichskreditkasse, Paris. Present balance approximately ffrs. 850 million. “This is a ffrs. Account which is used for all other transactions between the Reichskreditkasse, Paris, and the Bank of France. For instance, in-payments through the [p.4] German-French clearing, so far as they are intended for the Reichskreditkasse, are credited to this account whereas, on the other hand, the Reichskreditkasse in Paris makes transfers within the occupied area to the debit of this account.” ------- From Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Berlin, 21 February 1941 to OKH (Gen. Qu): The occupation costs represent receipts of the Reich over which the Reichsminister of Finance disposes for budgetary purposes. However, the Army retains authority over the entire Account B with respect to withdrawals by army finance offices. In addition, an amount of 1.5 million RM is reserved for the Army from Account A. The Reichsminister of Finance, on his own initiative, when these 1.5 million RM were recently made available from Account A for the recruiting of labor in France, again issued instructions to the Reichskreditkasse for the payment of this amount. It is requested that the Reichskreditkasse be notified accordingly, in order that no double payments should be made. ------- From the Reichsminister der Finanzen dated Berlin 19 February 1941 to Reichsbank, Berlin: I agree to an arrangement whereby the Reichsbank should acquire French payment media to satisfy its requirements for Alsace-Lorraine and its requirements for purposes of persons on military leave, so far as they cannot obtain French currency elsewhere, from occupation costs balances of the Reich with the Reichskreditkasse. These amounts should be charged for Alsace-Lorraine to Account A, for military leave purposes to Account B. ------- Letter of the same date from Reichsminister der Finanzen to Reichskreditkasse in Brussels: I request that the RM countervalue of the withdrawals in ffrs. From occupation costs which had already been made for the designated purposes be transferred to [Page 335] the Reichshauptkasse and that these amounts be debited to the occupation costs Account A and B respectively. I have also learned that, on the initiative of the Chief of the Civil Administration in Brussels, an account [p.5] in ffrs. Has been opened in your bank in the amount of 150,000 RM for the Luxemburg branch of the Deutsche Bank to finance commodity imports into Luxemburg from occupied French area. In the event that the French payment media required for this purpose should originate from occupation costs' balances of the Reich, rather than from your own balances in free ffrs., I hereby subsequently approve the withdrawal to the debit of Account A and request that the countervalue in RM be transferred to the Reichshauptkasse with a suitable explanation of the case and that at the same time, occupation costs Account A be debited accordingly. Should, in the future, for such or similar purposes, disposal b made over French payment media from the occupation costs account of the Reich, I request that my approval be obtained in advance. ------- Memorandum of Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen concerning visit to Paris on 31 January and 1 February 1941 … On the afternoon of January 31, a conference took place with the head of the Reichskreditkasse in Paris concerning pending matters. At first was discussed the problem of camouflaging the money supply of the Reichskreditkasse in France on the basis of the letter received from the Reichskreditkasse, Nancy, of 20 December 1940 (ref.Tgb.Nr.269/41). ------- From Der Reichsminister der Finanzen to Reichskreditkasse in Brussels dated Berlin 10 December 1940, marked “confidential". “Subject to approval within the scope of the foreign exchange control regulations by the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs, I have declared my willingness to make available to the Reichsminister of Transportation an amount in francs to the equivalent of a total of 5 million RM from payments made by the French Government for occupation costs (Account — Occupation Costs, France A) for the purchase of DOSAC bonds and ISG shares. The Reichsminister for Transportation will charge the German Gold Discount Bank with the task of carrying out the purchase and will obtain the RM countervalue so far as he may need it — at first to an amount of 500,000 RM — from the Reichshauptkasse. [Page 336] Pink slip of the Bank of France dated 11 September 1940 showing that the Tresor Public Francais paid 200 million RM for occupation costs into account N-8 of the Reichskreditkasse. Note: This volume contains several other similar pink slips for various amounts paid into the occupation costs account. ------- From the German Armistice delegation for Economic Affairs, Wiesbaden, 8 August 1940, to the Chairman of the French Delegation of the same commission, General Huntziger [p.8] *** In view of the impossibility of computing the costs exactly, it will be necessary, until further notice, to make daily installment payments of at least 20 million RM. These installments can be made in ffrs., RKK notes, or other payment media to be agreed upon. The conversion rate for the ffr., reserving the right to a subsequent revision is to be made on the basis of 1:20. This arrangement is effective for the period beginning 25 June 1940, and payments are to made in advance for 10-day periods The amounts accumulated this year are due immediately. The cost of providing quarters for German troops on French soil is not included in this arrangement. The persons supplying such quarters will be compensated by the French Government outside of the arrangement for installment payments. The End BAND I. ------- [p.9] BAND II (II/38) Banque de France Office des Changes (Besatzungskoste Frankr.) From Reichsminister of Finance, Berlin, 14 September 1942, to Foreign Office, Berlin. Under the definition “Occupation Costs” come also expenditures for equipment and armaments. In this connection we maintain the standpoint vis a vis France that no differentiation must be made between costs for the operating army and those of the remaining occupation troops. [Page 339] In consequence, the French Government must realize that payment for the small arms obtained for the German Navy in Spain with occupation costs francs should be made through the French-Spanish clearing. Any concession in the present case would constitute a dangerous prejudice for the interpretation of the concept of “occupation costs.” Moreover, I must demand that in transferring the occupation costs francs in the French-German clearing that the countervalue be transferred in Germany, not to the German-Spanish clearing, but to the Reichshauptkasse and credited to the Spanish Civil War Debt. (Reference to the payment for foodstuffs purchased in Spain for occupation troops in France -- letter of the Foreign Office of 4 July 1940, WII 4338 III/ff) [P.10] [Page 340] The following list was compiled by the Reichskreditkasse. Transfers to France during June 1942 of amounts in excess of RM 50,000 Reichs- Amount By order of kreditkasse Bordeaux 100 000 Rowak-Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin, Paris 50 000 * Reichsmin. F. Volksaufkl. U. Prop., Berlin, Paris 500 000 Roges Rohstoff-Handelsgesellschaft mbH., Berlin, Paris 100 000 Reichsmin. F. Volksaufkl. U. Prop., Berlin, Paris 252 711 Schweizerische Gesandtschaft. Abt Schutzmachtangelegenheiten, Berlin, Paris 1 030 000 Delbrueck Schickler & Co., Berlin, w/Auswartiges Amt Paris 278 Kageler & Rolfs, Bremen, 918.34 Paris 100 000 Voemel & Co. K.G., Dortmund Paris 80 000 Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse Landkreis Saarbruecken, Paris 91 493.50 Der Gerneralinspektor f.d.dt. Strassenwesen Org.Todt, Zentrale, Paris 210 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse-Berlin, Paris 400 000 Der Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD., Berlin, Paris 1 030 000 Delbrueck Schickler & Co., Berlin, w/Auswartiges Amt Paris 50 000 *Der Generalbauinspektor f.d. Reichshauptstedt, Berlin -- Charlottenburg, Paris 1 030 000 Delbrueck Schickler & Co., Berlin, w/Auswartiges Amt Paris 150 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse-Berlin, Paris 90 000 desgl. Paris 60 000 Wehrkreisverwaltung IV, i.V.Dr. Selladitz Kriegsverwaltungsrat, Dresden, Koenigspl. 3, Paris 500 000 Bank der Deutschen Luftfahrt A.G., Berlin-Schoeneberg, 500 000 Reichsmin. f. Volksaufkl. U. Prop., Berlin, Paris 300 000 Deutsche Auslands-Rundfunk- Gesellschaft Interradio Aktiengesellschaft, Berlin Paris 150 000 Sponholz & Co. Bank-Kommanditges, Berlin w/Direktor Wellisch, Paris, Vertreter d. Kameradschaft d. Deutschen Kuenstler, RM 6 953 122.84 RM 7 053 122.84 [P.11] ------- Transfers to France during July 1942 of amounts in excess of RM 50,000 Reichs- Amount By order of kreditkasse Bordeaux 200 000 Rowak-Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin, Paris 100 000 Ernst Heinkel Flugseugwerke, Seestadt, Rostock, Paris 290 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse, Berlin, Paris 100 000 Die Deutsche Arbeitsfront N.S. - Gemeinschaft Kraft durch Freude, Berlin, Paris 600 000 Der Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD., Berlin, Paris 75 000 Deutsche Reichsbank-Hauptkasse -, Berlin, Paris 282 Schweizerische Gesandtschaft Abt. 692.55 Schutzmachtangelegenheiten, Berlin, Paris 500 000 Roges Rohstoff-Handelsgesellschaft mbH., Berlin, Paris 210 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse, Berlin, Paris 53 975 Deutsche Reichsbank-Hauptkasse -, Berlin, Paris 85 000 Praesidialkanzlei, Paris 80 000 Volksbund Beutsche Kriegsgraeberfuersorge e.V., Berlin- Grunewald, Paris 143 500 Reichsprop.Min. Paris 277 638.86 Kageler & Rolfs, Bremen, Paris 150 000 Sager & Woerner, Muenchen, Paris 60 001.60 Reichsprop.Min. Paris 290 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse-Berlin, Paris 56 264.40 Der Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD., Berlin, Paris 130 000 Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse, Landkreis Saarbruecken. *RM 3 684 072.41 [P.12] [Page 342] Transfers to France during August 1942 of amounts in excess of RM 50,000 Reichskred Amount By order of itkasse Bordeaux 100 000 Rowak-Handelsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin, Bordeaux 200 000 desgl. Paris 60 942.15 Der Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD., Berlin, Paris 500 000 Der Reichsfuehrer SS u.Chef d.Deutschen Polizei SS-Wirtschafts- Verwaltunghauptampt Waffen-SS-Kasse-, Berlin, Paris 364 650 Schweizerische Gesandtschaft Abt. Schutzmachtangelegenheiten, Berlin, Paris 340 743.05 desgl. Paris 120 000 Reichsmin. F. Volksaufkl. U. Prop., Berlin, Paris 100 000 Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse, Landkreis Saarbruecken. Paris 210 000 Reichsstock f. Arbeitseinsatz- Hauptkasse-Berlin, Paris 50 000 *Reichspost-Fernseh-Gesellschaft mbH, Berlin Paris 175 000 Automobil-Verkehrs-Anstalt Wien, Paris 50 000 *Schickofsky & Co., Voelklingen, Paris 420 065.33 Kageler & Rolfs, Bremen, Paris 500 000 Roges Rohstoff-Handelsgesellschaft mbH., Berlin, Paris 50 000 *Dresdner Bank, Berlin, Paris 500 000 Reichsmin. f. Volksaufkl. U. Prop., Paris 67 212.16 Gutenhoffnungshuette Oberhausen, Paris 50 000 *Reichsbankdirektorium Paris 50 000 *desgl. Paris 100 000 Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse, Landkreis Saarbruecken. 50 000 Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse, Landkreis Saarbruecken. *RM 4 058 612.69 ============= 3 808 612.69 [*These items were scratched out in pencil in the original German text.] [P.13] ------- [Page 343] From the Military Commander in France (Pay Master) dated Paris 1 September 1942 to the Reichskreditkasse, Paris. From statements by the main administration of the Reichskreditkassen, and from various conversations, it could be learned that the RKK Giro transfer from France to Germany and vice versa up to now approximately balanced. Before the control and administration of occupation costs was put into effect, various agencies such as the OT and the SS received their funds through the Reichsbank Giro system. Within the scope of the new arrangement for supplying funds, these agencies now receive directly from occupation costs the funds required by them and approved here. ------- Memorandum for the files indicating that the following letter was filed under II 40 a: "Copy of a communication of the Foreign Office, Berlin, showing that the Supreme Army Command did, or was supposed to, make available to the Roumanian National Bank 25 million ffrs.” ------- Telegram from Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, to Banking Commissioner in Paris for Reichskreditkasse in that city, dated 17 July 1942. On 6 July Reichskreditkasse spent without our instruction 20 million and on 7 July 15 million RM to the debit of Account A I for Roges, on 10 July, 35 million RM were spent in accordance with our telegram of 9 July. ------- Military Commander in France (Pay Master) dated Paris 7 January 1942 to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin. *** In comparing the reports received concerning changes, it may be assumed that the segregation is made, not according to the withdrawals by the separate army groups, but in accordance with other viewpoints. Please explain. ------- Reichsministry for Economic Affairs dated Berlin 27 May 1942 to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, (Reichsbank Director Wilz) concerning the placing of French francs at the disposal of the Reichministry for Propaganda: [Page 344] With reference to our telephone conversation of today, I request, as agreed, that you hold available an amount of 500,000 RM for the Reich [P.14] ministry of Propaganda in Account No. 1006 payable in Paris. This amount has been set aside for the acquisition of radio equipment which should be purchased in France on the basis of instructions by the Fuehrer. In addition, I would be grateful if you would advise me by letter or telephone no later than 15 June 1942, if a further installment of 500,000 RM in ffrs. could be made available in Account 1006 for the Reichsminister for Propaganda on or after 20 June 1942. ------- Supreme Army Command, Berlin, 22 May 1942 to Chief Pay Master of the German Armies in Bucharest. The Supreme Command of the Army is making available as an advance to the Special Deputy for Economic Problems, at his request, 25 million ffrs. From French occupation funds for the purpose of financing German Army expenditures in Roumania. ------- Reichskreditkasse, Paris, dated 4 April 1942 to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin. The Military Commander in France has requested from us by telephone the following information which he requires urgently in connection with forthcoming measures regarding the limitation of expenditures from occupation costs funds: 1. What payments were made in the months January to March, 1942 on the instructions of the Reichsministry of Finance or the Reichshauptkasse to the debit of special Account A I. The payee and the utilization purpose should likewise be stated. ------- From the Reichskreditkasse to the Supreme Army Command in Berlin dated 18 March 1942 notifying the latter that the French Treasury made a payment on 11 March 1942 of 150 million RM for occupation costs covering the period 11 to 20 March. [P.14A] [Page 345] The following list contains the names of participants in a conference with the Military Commander in France on 23 April 1942: Direktor bei der Reichsbank Wilz Direktor bei der Reichsbank Dr. Schulte Reichsbankoberinspektor Strehlau Kriegsverwaltungsrat Dr. Koebe } Mil. Bef.i.Fr., Kriegsverwaltungsrat Nusche } Verw.Stab WI VIII Oberkriegsverwaltungsrat Schwarzer, dto., Verw.Stab Wi V Oberkriegsverwaltungsrat Druecke, dto., Verw.Stab Wi IX Intendanturrat Dr. Hollwich, Intendant beim Mil.Bef.i.Fr., Paris, AV.Kleber Direktor bei der Reichsbank Hartlieb, Waffenstillstandsdelegation fuer Wirtschaft, Paris, Av.d'Iena 16 u. Reichsbankoberinspektor Dr. Roesch Direktor bei der Reichsbank Nuerdel, Reichskreditkasse Paris, 43, Blvd. Des Capucines Direktor bei der Reichsbank Dr. Boettsher beim Deutschen Kommissar bei der Bank von Frankreich, Paris. [P.15] ------- Memorandum for the files, dated Paris 1 June 1944, concerning a conference with regard to the position of "Occupation Costs Account B.” According to the memorandum, the Chief Pay Master’s office of the German Army Command in France was concerned over the possibility that by June of that year available funds to cover the Army’s requirements would be inadequate. The requirements for June were given as follows: In Millions RM Wehrmacht 85 1 Subsequent Claims 30 Exchange of RKK Notes 35 Eichel 5 Roges 10 Reichsland 3 ------- From Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 1 June 1944 to its own bookkeeping section instructing it to transfer, in accordance with an instruction by the Reichminister of Finance, dated 12 May 1944 RM 15,000,000 from “Occupation Costs Account France A” to special account “Occupation Costs France A I", which had been [Page 346] set up for purposes of the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs. A copy of this latter was sent to the Reichskreditkasse, Paris. ------- A statement showing the position of “Occupation Costs Account B” in April 1944 shows withdrawals totalling 827 million RM. Under this heading are the following items: Eichel (Four-Year Plan) 10 million RM Pimitex 20 million RM Warrick insurance 14 million RM Reich Maritime Commissioner 2 million RM [P.18] ------- German Armistice Commission for Economic Affairs, dated Paris 4 May 1944, to Foreign Office in Berlin. The German "Occupation Costs” balance at the Bank of France amounted on 31 December 1943 to 679 million RM. On 31 March 1944 it was reduced by approximately 95 million RM to 584 million RM. The share of the Wehrmacht (so-called Account B) was 510 million RM *** With regard to this item of 510 million RM, this communication contains a footnote reading as follows: “The amounts in other accounts (Reichsministry of Finance, Reichsministry for Economic Affairs, Foreign Office, Reichsministry for Transportation) aggregating approximately 75 million RM are not included in the survey which follows.” In conclusion, this communication sates that the developments with regard to the German balance in "Occupation Costs Account B” have been such that at the present rate of expenditures, it will be exhausted on the books after approximately 10 months and so far as the funds are concerned, even earlier. In these circumstances, there can be no mention of an actual reserve which should be available, especially with a view to possible urgent supplementary demands in the event of fighting on French soil. The considerable reserves which had been provided for this purpose previously were, as far as known, greatly used up through “S-Kaeufe” (black-market purchases). In consequence, care must now be taken even more than before, that only the requirements of the Wehrmacht are met and that the use of occupation costs funds for purposes not related to the Wehrmacht [Wehrmachtfremde] should be restricted as much as possible, especially in view of negotiations with the French Government [Page 347] with a view to a further increase in occupation costs at the present moment. Note. The underscoring of the last part of the word "Wehmachtfremde” is given as it appeared in the original text. ------- Memorandum of the German Armistice Commission for Economic Affairs, dated Paris 15 April 1944, in which the advisability of calling in notes of large denominations is examined, contains the following statement: [P. 19] “Practically all orders, even in big industry, are paid today in cash, with the result that serious stoppages in payments unavoidable in an operation involving the exchange of such large quantities of notes could not remain without unfavorable effects on the armaments orders.” ------- Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 3 March 1944, to the Military Commander in France explaining the use of “Account 1006” as follows: 1. The Reichskreditkasse in France makes transfers through "Account 1006” to the Reich. These include transfers by German firms engaged in business in France, presumably in the interest of the German Army, under a general license; by military agencies without a license; and by other agencies which require a specific license for each transaction. 2. French payment media are never transferred through this account for purposes of German agencies in the Reich. 3. Transfers from the Reich to France are made through "Account 1006” with the approval of the Reichsministry for Economic Affairs or a Devisenstelle for the Swiss Legation in Berlin in connection with its work of protecting German interests in enemy countries; for the personnel of the German Foreign Office in Paris; and for other purposes. The communication states that under the latter heading there might be also payments of a “noneconomic nature” and that information on this point could be obtained from the Reichsministry for Economic Affairs. In January, 1944, the following large transfers were made under this heading: [Page 348] Amount Ordered by In favor of RM Gewerkschaft Gewekschaft Saarsegen, 105,000 Saarsegen Paris RM Eugen Brueschwiler Rudolf Holzapfel, Paris 110,000 Muenchen RM Vereinigte Dt. Beauftr. F. Leichtmet. 300,000 Aluminumwerke A.G. In d. Bes. Westgeb., Paris Berlin RM Osram GmbH, Berlin Alfred Dziurowitz, Paris 750,000 RM Delbrueck Schickler Prof. Dr. Hermann Voss, 200,000 & Co. Berlin Paris RM Kanzlei d'Fuehrers Generalbevollm.f. techn. 100,000 d.NSDAP Berlin Nachr. Mittle Dienstst. Frenkreich Herrn Major Wutzler, Paris RM Deutsche Otto Wolff Koeln, Paris 150,000 Gobdiskontbk, Berlin [P.20] The foregoing compilation was made at the request of the Military Commander in France as indicated by his letter to the Reichskreditkasse in Paris dated 27 January 1944. This letter contains the following: “In particular, it is requested that information be supplied as to whether, and if so to what extent, cash in French currency was withdrawn from this account and brought to the Reich for purposes of German agencies. Are payments made to the debit of Account No. 1006 which are also of a noneconomic nature?” From the German Armistice Delegation for Economic Affairs, dated 19 January 1944, to the Foreign Office. This letter shows that since the 25 June 1940 and until 31 December 1943, the French Government made the following payments for "Occupation Costs': [Page 349] 1940 RM 4,000,000,000.00 1941 6,075,000,000.00 1942 5,475,000,000.00 1943 9,698,300,000.00 ---------------------------------- Total 25,248,300,000.00 Expenditures during this period RM 24,569,658,770.32 Available balance on 31 December 1943 RM 678,641,229.68 Of this amount, 585 million RM are available for general “Occupation Costs” purposes, whereas approximately 41 million RM are available to the Reichsministry of Finance; approximately 27 million RM to the Reichsministry for Economic Affairs; approximately 2.5 million RM to the Reichsministry for Transportation. The expenditures were distributed as follows: 1. Through agencies of the Wehrmacht in a broad sense [im weiteren Sinne] RM 20,381,143,547.85 2. Through redemption of RKK notes 1940 RM 635,985,580.00 1941 RM 203,869,480.00 1942 RM 448,790,000.00 1943 RM 1,193,081,692.50 ---------------------------------- RM 2,481,726,752.50 3. For special purposes of the Reichsministry for Econom. Affairs RM 1,518,139,424.49 Foreign Office RM 27,000,000.00 Reichsministry for Transportation RM 2,493,616.95 Reich Agency for Animals (1941) RM 19,000,000.00 Supplying ffrs. For Alsace-Lor. `41 RM 66,000,000.00 Redeemed requi- sition certifi- cates RM 4,686,846.00 Total RM 1,706,788,469.97 24,569,658,770.32 [P.21] [Page 350] Report of the Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 30 October 1943 relating to conferences in France with regard to the repayment of French currency advanced for Wehrmacht purposes. The French payment media required for exchange transactions made by the Reichskreditkassen in France for the Wehrmacht and for similar exchange transactions of the German Reichsbank are taken by us at first from funds made available through occupation costs payments *** In order to balance our franc account, it is necessary to deduct subsequently from “Occupation Costs Account B” the amounts thus withdrawn. *** Since June, no payments were received for this purpose as allegedly no funds could be made available from “Occupation Costs Account B". In consequence, the deficit from such transactions amounted by the end of September to 188 million RM. In addition, the Army Pay Master, in accordance with a note of the Armistice Delegation, has to repay us from occupation costs funds a further amount of 50,790,600 RM which we advanced in ffrs. In order to expedite the transfer of savings from wages of French migratory labor until the method of transfer by checks went into effect. After the conversations, this amount has, in the meantime, been repaid. The Army Pay Master furnished figures to show that on 30 September 1943 the balance in his favor in “Occupation Costs Account B” was only 114 million RM. Of this amount, 110 million RM were earmarked for purchases of wheat from the 1942 harvest. On the basis of existing arrangements, it was assumed that this amount would be paid through the clearing account. However, it was learned that only beginning with the wheat shipments of the 1943 crop, payment would be made for this purpose through the clearing, therefore the amounts accumulated until the end of the old crop must still be paid from occupation costs. In consequence, the balance in “Account B” amounts to only 4 million RM, leaving the Wehrmacht without reserves and making it completely dependent on current payments which can cover the Wehrmacht’s direct requirements only through an arbitrary reduction, at this time, of approximately 10 percent. [P.22] ------- From German Armistice Commission for Economic Affairs (Reichsbank Director Hartlieb) Salzburg, 11 October 1944 to Reichsbank Director Wilz of the Reichskreditkasse in Berlin containing a statement showing receipts and expenditures in the [Page 351] occupation accounts. The pertinent parts of this statement are given below: I. In accordance with Article 18 of the Armistice Agreement, the French Government has made occupations Costs payments for the period from 25 June 1940 to 5 September 1944* aggregating RM 31,043,300,000 \/ In addition, the French Government paid on the basis of an exchange of notes of 24/25 November 1943 (transfer of occupation costs installments to Germany formerly paid in favor of Italy), RM 550,000,000 \/ Thus the total amount credited to the “Occupation Costs Account” of the Reichskreditkasse in Paris with the Bank of France was RM 31,593,300,00 \/ These amounts comprised the following installment payments for occupation costs: From 25 June 1940 to 10 May 1941 per day, 20 million RM 6,400,000,000 From 11 May 1941 to 10 November 1942 per day, 15 million RM 8,235,000,000 From 11 November 1942 to 5 Sept., 1944 per day, 25 million RM 16,408,300,000** ----------------- RM 31,043,300,000 Advance payments originally intended for Italy from 1 September 1943 to 31 July 1944 per month, 50 million RM 550,000,000 RM. (Payment for August 1944 was no longer made.) ------------------ RM 31,593,300,000 ================== Daily average for the period from 25 June 1944 to 5 September 1944 RM 20.6 million [P.23] * The last payment, amounting to 400 million RM was made 12 August 1944 as part payment for the installment of 815 million RM due on 21 August 1944. Through this partial payment, the installments up to and including 5 September 1944 were covered. ** The amounts to be paid totalled RM 16,625,000,000. However, they were reduced through the German contribution for the sup- [Page 352] ply of quarters in Southern France (10 million RM per month from 11 November 1942 to 31 August 1944) by a total of 216.7 million RM. II. The French payments (installment payments and advances payable to Italy and transferred to Germany) and the German expenditures, compiled by calendar year and by daily average were as follows: In million RM Year French German Payments Expenditur payments expenditur per day es es per day 1940 4,000 1,569 21.1 8.3 1941 6,075 5,205 16.7 14.5 1942 5,475 8,271 15.0 22.7 1943 9,698.3 9,524 26.6 26.1 1944 (up 6,345 6,748 25.5 27.7 to 31 Aug.) 1940-1944 31,593.3 31,317 20.6 20.5 The unused German balance [Computed on the basis of actual receipts and disposals by the Reichskreditkasse] showed the following developments: Date Millions RM 31 December 1940 2,431 31 December 1941 3,301 31 December 1942 505 x 31 December 1943 679 x 30 June 1944 710 x 31 August 1944 276 x Note. In the above tables the figures on German annual and daily expenditures were written in pencil, also the checks and x's. [P.24] III. According to the foregoing compilation, the total German expenditure for the period 25 June 1940 to 31 August 1944 amounted to 31,317,778,252.81 RM distributed as follows: (in RM) Wehrmacht 27,032,279,120.27 Redemption of RKK notes 1940 635,985,580.00 1941 203,869,480.00 1942 448,790,000.00 1943 1,193,081,692.50 1944 23,639,556.00 ------------- ---------------- 2,505,356,308.50 Redemption of Requisition 69,468,582.53 Certificates A-I Reichsminister for Economic Affairs 1,554,063,585.94 A-II Foreign Office 50,000,000.00 A-IV Reichsministry for Transportation 2,493,616.95 A-V Reich Agency for Animals 19,000,000.00 A-IX Sale of francs to the Reich (imports 66,000,000.00 to Alsace-Lorraine of commodities purchased in France) A- Support payments to dependents of 1,500,000.00 III French labor in Germany A-VI Exchange of RM by the Bank of France 901,846.00 on behalf of persons in Alsace- Lorraine A- Financing of the purchase of raw 1,285,000.00 VII sugar in Northern France A-X Reichsministry for Education 1,000,000.00 Miscellaneous Payments (Account B) 14,430,192.62 -------------- -------------- Total RM 31,317,778,252.81 ================= [P.25] ------- From Reichskreditkasse Berlin 26 August 1943 to Reichsminister of Finance, Berlin (Attention: Oberregierungsrat Dr. Bussman): From the day they were established until 31 July of this year, the Reichskreditkassen in France have purchased — in part through the intermediary of the Devisenschutz Kommando in Paris — and placed at the disposal of the Reichsbank the following: Gold Coins and Bars Valued at RM 4,774,684.13 Foreign Notes and Coins Valued at 903,284.36 ---------------- RM 5,667,968.49 ================ The ffrs. Required for these transactions were advanced by us from occupation costs owing to the lack of our own funds for such purposes. These amounts are now lacking as cover for the Giro balances maintained by the finance officers of the Wehrmacht. As a result, current money transactions and the making available of required French payment media are made more difficult. We consider it therefore necessary to make a final settlement in the occupation costs account and request that the countervalue be debited to “Occupation Costs Account A” and made available to [Page 354] us crediting the RM amount in the account “Reichskredit” maintained at our bank. ------- From Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, July 1943 (day of the month omitted) to Reichsminister of Finance. At the beginning of July of this year, the Devisenschutzkommando in Paris delivered to us gold valued at RM 4,117,582.10 for transmission to the Reichsbank. The gold accepted by our Administration in France since April 1941 for which payment was made in French francs has a total value of 4,517,728.34 RM. ------- Reichskreditkasse, Paris, to Armistice Delegation, Paris, dated 2 July 1943: Supplementing our letter of the 12 March 1943 and of the 7 April 1943, we submit below, in accordance with your request, a statement showing the cash withdrawals from our bank in the months of April to June 1943. [P.26] 2 July 1943 In Million RM April May June Organization Todt 12.4 12.05 12.7 NSKK Todt 3.2 3.25 3.1 SS 8.8 12.4 7.- Hermann Brandel 30.- 65.- 25.- Roges 3.85 -.7 2.95 RM fuer Bewaffnung u. 3.6 2.25 -- Munition Grossmarkentenderei Paris 4.3 5.35 9.7 Interkommerziale 3.95 5.3 2.5 Devisenschutzkommando -.75 -.15 -- Frankreich Deutsche Botschaft -.25 1.4 -.5 Sonderstab HWK -.45 -.05 2.1 Marine 6.- 4.85 5.45 General der Luftwaffe 1.6 1.55 1.3 Heereshauptkasse 3.95 3.75 2.3 Aero-Bank 3.8 5.95 13.2 Haupverkehrsdirektion 1.15 -.8 1.- Luftgaukommando 2.7 3.1 3.95 Westfrankreich Sonstige (Miscellaneous) 62.73 55.57 90.93 Total Cash Expenditures in 153.48 183.47 183.68 Millions RM [Page 355] Note. According to Wilz, Hermann Brandel was engaged in purchases of paintings and other objects of art. Grossmarketenderei, Paris, is the equivalent of our PX supply. Interkommerziale was presumably an agency of the Berliner Handelsgesellschaft. Aero-Bank was Goering’s bank in France. ------- From Reichsminister for Economic Affairs, Berlin, 19 May 1943 to Devisenstelle, Berlin, concerning the making available of funds for the establishment of recreation homes for soldiers [Soldatenheime] in France by the Nazi Party: I request that, effective immediately, the permit issued to the German Labor Front NS-Gemeinschaft “Kraft durch Fruede” by virtue of my E E of 20 August 1941 — V Dev. 8B/24580/45 for the required French funds from occupation costs for the establishment and maintenance of soldiers' recreation homes in France be withdrawn immediately. Should the agencies of the Nazi Party or its affiliates request in the future further funds in France for the purposes stated above, the respective requests for transfers should be submitted to me each time through the Reich Treasurer of the Nazi Party in Munich. [P.27] ------- Copies of a draft of a letter to the Foreign Office (not dated) concerning occupation costs in France. This letter contains a statement showing expenditures and receipts up to the end of 1943. According to this statement, the estimated balance on 31 December 1943 was 108 million RM. The letter then goes on to say that the Armistice Delegation would, therefore, welcome all measures intended to effect the greatest economy in the administration of occupation costs. The Chief Pay Master, [Der Leitende Intendant] of the Military Command in France, is even now endeavoring to channel in the future certain payments to the Wehrmacht, which were made heretofore from occupation costs funds, through the German-French clearing account, so far as such transfers actually represent exports from France to Germany and for which corresponding documents are submitted to the competent French agency (Office des Changes). This concerns primarily exports of agricultural products to Germany. The Delegation has no objection to such an arrangement. However, it is impossible to obtain the consent of the French government to a supplementary global payment through the clearing account, unless the necessary supporting documents are submitted. It is difficult to obtain the approval of the French Government for such an arrangement, es- [Page 356] pecially in view of the fact that the French Government had agreed on March 1943 to pay 510 million RM in occupation costs for the period 11/11 to 31 December 1942. Moreover, the balance in favor of France in the German-French clearing had already increased to approximately 3.5 million RM. In this connection, it is pointed out that the first billion of indebtedness was reached in approximately 15 months, the second billion after 7 months, and the third billion after 5 months. With respect to purchases on the Black Market, attention is called to the decree of the Reich Marshall of the Greater German Reich — deputy for the Four-Year Plan — of 2.4.1943. As already pointed out, 150 million RM were made available from occupation costs until the end of June 1943 as the remaining payment for Black Market purchases. (S- Kaeufe). The document concludes with the statement that, unless something unforeseen happens, it may be assumed that receipts and expenditures of occupation costs would balance by the end of 1943. However, steps should be taken to ensure that the remaining occupation costs balances are not completely exhausted by the end of the year. [P.28] In order to attain this, the following recommendations are made: 1. Greatest economy in the administration of occupation costs. 2. To make payment so far as possible for legal exports from France to Germany, which heretofore were paid from occupation funds, through its clearing. 3. Occupation costs should not be made available for Black Market purchases after 30 June 1943. 4. Effective restrictions on the illegal exports of RKK monies from Germany to France. ------- From Chief Pay Master [Intendant] of the Military Commander in France, Paris, 24 April 1943, to Reichskreditkasse in Paris to the effect that, on the initiative of the Reichsminister of Finance and in order to simplify procedure, “Subaccount BR” of occupation costs “Account B” should be discontinued after 1 April 1943. Inasmuch as entries in this account had already been made in April, the dissolution is possible only from 1 May 1943. It is therefore requested not to make any more entries in Account BR after 30 April 1943. ------- [Page 357] From Supreme Army Command, dated H.Qu. OKH 14 April 1943, to Chief Pay Master of the German Army in France. The Reichskreditkasse in Paris has been instructed by the Chief Army Pay Master to transfer its funds booked under “Sub- account BR” to the occupation costs “Account B” and to terminate “Account BR” effective 31 March 1943. ------- From Reichskreditkasse, Paris, marked `Confidential', to Chief Pay Master of the German Armies in France, dated 12 March 1943, supplying the following information: Million RM Total cash expenditures in February 1943 382.4 Organization Todt 30.5 National Socialist Motor 4.7 Corps Todt SS 44.5 Hermann Brandel 122.7 Roges 23.3 Reich Ministry for 23.0 Armaments and Munition Interkommerziale 7.0 Devisenschutzkommando 1.7 Sonderstab HWK 0.7 German Embassy 0.8 ------ 258.9 [P.29] Navy 15.4 General of the Air Force 2.2 Air Force Gau.W. France 3.6 Army Transfer 4.0 Withdrawals for Tunis 25.0 50.2 309.1 -------------------- Remainder for payments to other Government agencies 73.3 and for private purposes (Private). ------- Memorandum for the files marked `Confidential', dated Paris 5 February 1943, signed Muerdel, a director of the Reichsbank: The German Armistice Delegation (Reichsbank Director Hart- [Page 357] lieb) advises me by telephone that the French Minister of Finance in a conversation with Minister Hemmen, head of the German Armistice Delegation, today complained about the high amounts of cash withdrawals by the Reichskreditkasse in Paris from the Bank of France. Such large cash withdrawals would make impossible all French efforts to stabilize the currency as well as to place the finances of the French State on sound basis. I have submitted the following data showing the amounts paid out in cash during January 1943. In all, our bank paid out that month in cash 440 million RM distributed as follows: In million RM Organization Todt 27.0 SS 62.0 Hermann Brandel 35.0 "Roges” 135.0 Reichs Ministry for Armaments 10.5 and Munitions Intercommerciale (This 15.5 account is fed by G.B.K.) Devisenschutzkommando 3.0 Sonderstab H W K 3.0 German Embassy 1.0 292.0 -------------------- 292.0 440.0 Navy 10.0 General of the Air Forces 7.2 Air Force Gau West France 2.3 Main Army Bank 5.0 Field Bank of the Military 2.5 Commander Withdrawals for Tunis 60.0 87.0 379.0 -------------------- Remainder for all other payments to Government agencies and to private firms 61.0 and individuals (Private). ==== From these figures it was inferred, and Dr. Hollwish, the Chief Paymaster agreed, that approximately 300 million RM were required for purchases in the Black Markets and that only the balance of 140 million RM was needed for normal Army requirements. [P.30] [Page 359] Occupation Costs France A Receipts Withdrawals Date Transfers Surrendered To subaccounts RKK Notes 1940 1,140,000,000.00 A I 250,000,000.00 A II 25,000,000.00 A III 1,500,000.00 A IV 5,000,000.00 1941 --- A I 45,000,000.00 635,989,580.00 A V 19,000,000.00 A VI 901,846.00 A VII 1,285,000.00 A VIII 5,000,000.00 A IX 65,000,000.00 1942 --- --- --- 1943 --- A I 15,000,000.00 A II 25,000,000.00 A VII 3,500,000.00 A X 1,000,000.00 --- --------------------------------------------------------- 1,140,000,000.00 463,186,846.00 635,985,580.00 463,186,846.00 ---------------- 1,099,173,426.00 [Note. In this space apprear a penciled notation to the effect that the balance on hand at the end of 1943 was 40,827,574] Occupation Costs France A I Receipts Reentries Withdrawals (Payments not made) Date From Transfers Payments 1940 A 250,000,000.00 --- 70,343,285.31 1941 B 85,000,000.00 17,920,773.23 191,605,992.31 1942 A 45,000,000.00 1942 B 1,150,000,000.00 27,702,249.27 1,190,516,911.04 1943 A 15,000,000.00 2,897,095.05 114,193,353.38 --------------------------------------------- 1,545,000,000.00 48,520,117.55 1,566,659,542.04 ------- Occupation Costs France A II Occupation Costs France III Receipts Withdrawals Receipts Withdrawals Dat Transfers Payments Transfers Payments e from A from A 1940 25,000,000.00 5,000,000.00 1,500,000.00 … 1941 … 12,000,000.00 … 1,500,000.00 1942 … 8,000,000.00 … … 1943 25,000,000.00 2,000,000.00 … … ------------------------------------------------------ 50,000,000.00 27,000,000.00 1,500,000.00 1,500,000.00 [P.31] ------- [Page 360] Occupation Costs Occupation Costs France A IV France A V Receipts Withdrawals Receipts Withdrawals Date Transfers Payments Transfers Payments 1940 5,000,000.00 … … … 1941 … 2,083,616.95 19,000,000.00 19,000,000.00 1942 … 230,000.00 … … 1943 … 180,000.00 … … ---------------------------------------------------- 5,000,000.00 2,493,616.95 19,000,000.00 19,000,000.00 ------- Occupation Costs France B Receipts a. Occupation Costs Repayments Army Payments by the French Ordinance and Government. Supply b. Transfers from A VIII. Date 1940 a. 2,860,000,000.00 … 1941 a. 6,075,000,000.00 b. 5,000,000.00 5,652,431.44 1942 a. 5,475,000,000.00 61,980,840.44 1943 a. 9,698,300,000.00 … b. 3,500,000.00 … -------------------------------------------- 24,116,800,000.00 67,633,271.88 ------- Withdrawals RKK Notes Surrendered by Date Wehrmacht Transfers the Bank Other Balance Withdrawals to A I of France Payments 1940 927,267,440.21 … … 1,392,185.25 1,931,340,374.54 1941 4,639,433,618.38 85,000,000.00 203,869,480.00 13,038,007.37 3,075,651,700.23 1942 6,668,099,821.89 1,150,000,000.00 448,790,000.00 … 345,742,718.78 1943 8,269,014,329.16* … 1,193,081,692.50 … 585,446,697.12 ------- Balances Date Acct. A Acct. A I Acct. A II Acct. A IV Acct. B Totals End of 1943 40,827.68 26,860,575.51 23,000,000 2,506,383.05 585,446,697.12 678,641,229.68 *Including RM 69,468,582.53 for redeemed requisition receipts. [P.32] ------- [Page 361] Occupation Costs France A Occupation Costs France A I Withdrawals (For Purposes of the ReichsMinister for Economic Affairs.) a. Transferred to Sub-Accounts Receipts b. Surrendered Balance From Receipts Withdrawals Balance RKK Notes Transfers Payments Date 1940 1,140,000,000 a. 281,500,000 858,500,000 A 250,000,000 70,343,285.31 179,656,714.00 1941 ----- a. 137,186,846 B 85,000,000 1941 ----- b. 635,985,580 85,327,574 A 45,000,000 173,685,219.08 135,971,495.61 1942 ----- ----- 85,327,574 B 1,150,000,000 1,162,814,661.77 123,156,833.84 1943 ----- a. 44,500,000 A 15,000,000 111,296,25 26,860,575.81 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1,140,000,000 1,099,172,426 " 1,545,000,000 1,518,139,424.49 " ------- Occupation Costs France A II (For Purposes of the Foreign Office) Receipts Withdrawal Balance Transfers Payments from A Date 1940 25,000,000 5,000,000 20,000,000 1941 … 12,000, 000 8,000,000 1942 … 8,000,000 … 1943 25,000,000 2,000,000 23,000,000 ---------------------------------- 50,000,000 27,000,000 “ ------- Occupation Costs France A IV (For Purposes of the ReichsMinister for Transportation, Purchase of Securities) Receipts Withdrawals Balance Transfers Payments from A Date 1940 5,000,000 … 5,000,000.00 1941 … 2,083,616.95 2,916,383.05 1942 … 230,000.00 2,686,383.05 1943 … 180,000.00 2,506,838.05 ----------------------------------- 5,000,000 2,493,616.95 “ ------- In addition, the following payments were made Account A Support for Dependents RM III of Laborers Recruited 1,500,000 in France for Work in Germany Account A For Purposes of the 19,000,000 V Foreign Agency, Paris, of the Reichstierstelle (Reich Agency for Animals) Account A Exchange by the Bank of 901,846 VI France of Reichsbank notes for Persons Evacuated from Lorraine Account A Financing the Purchase 1,285,000 VII of Raw Sugar in North France [Page 362] Account A Compensation for War 8,500,000 VIII Damage to German Citizens and Racial- Germans in France Account A Sale of Ffrs. to the 66,000,000 IX Reich Account A For Purposes of the 1,000,000 X ReichsMinistry of Education ----------- RM 98,186,846 [P.33] ------- Occupation Costs France B Receipts Occupation costs from A VIII Repayments Payments Transfers Wehrmacht Ordnance & Supply Date 1940 2,860,000,000 … … 1941 6,075,000,000 5,000,000 5,652,431.44 1942 5,475,000,000 … 61,980,840.44 1943 9,698,300,000 3,500,000 … -------------------------------------- 24,108,300,000 8,500,000 67,633,271.88 Withdrawals Wehrmacht Transfers RKK Notes Payments Withdrawals to A I Date 1940 927,267,440.21 … … 1,392,185.25 1941 4,639,433,618.38 85,000,000.00 203,869,480.00 13,038,007.37 1942 6,668,099,821,89 1,150,000,000.00 448,790,000.00 … 1943 8,199,545,746,63 69,468,582.53 1,193,081,692.50 … ---------------------------------------------------------------- 20,434,346,627.11 1,304,468,582.53 1,845,741,172.50 14,430,192.62 ------- Occupation Costs Occupation Costs France A VI France A VII Receipts Withdrawals Receipts Withdrawals Transfers Transfers from “A” from “A” Payments Payments Date Date ---- ---- 1940 … … 1940 … … 1941 901,846 901,846 1941 1,285,000 1,285,000 1942 … … 1942 … … 1943 … … 1943 … … -------------------------------------------- 901,846 901,846 1,285,000 1,285,000 ------- [Page 363] Occupation Occupation costs costs France France IX A VIII Receipts Withdrawals Receipts Withdrawals Transfers Transfers Transfer Ffrs. from “A” to “B” from “A” for Alsace-Lorraine Date ---- 1940 … … … … 1941 5,000,000 5,000,000 66,000,000 66,000,000 1942 … … … … 1943 3,500,000 3,500,000 … … -------------------------------------------- 8,500,000 8,500,000 66,000,000 66,000,000 ------- Occupation Occupation costs costs France B R France A X Receipts Withdrawals Receipts Withdrawals Transfers Payments Transfers Surrendered Date ---- 1940 … … … … 1941 … … … 7,154,161.68 1942 … … … 45,209,249.03 1943 1,000,000 1,000,000 69,468,582.53 69,468,582.53 -------------------------------------------------- 1,000,000 1,000,000 69,468,582.53 69,468,582.53 [P.34] Note. This volume contains also a table similar to the foregoing showing the entries in these accounts for the period December 1940 to December 1942. ------- Letter from Reichskreditkasse, Brussels, 2 February 1943, concerning circulation of RKK Notes on the English Channel Islands. This letter refers to Reich Director Cassar as the Bank Commissioner in charge of enemy banks, Paris. From Treibacker Chemische Werke, Vienna, to Warenhandelsgesellschaft in Berlin, dated 8 January 1943. According to this letter, the Vienna firm was authorized by the Devisenstelle in Vienna by virtue of a separate decree of the Reichs Minister for Economic Affairs of 5 September 1942 (V Dev.27138/42) to purchase 11,800 shares of the Societe Miniere & Industrialle Franco Bresillienne, Paris, with nominal value of 1,180,000 ffrs. From the firm “Comira” Compagnie des Minerals et Meteaux rares i.L. Coubevois (Seine) through Compagnie Financiere d'Industrie et de Commerce (Cofinco) — Monte Carlo. The firm in Vienna was authorized to transfer up to 1,800,000 ffrs. To the last- named firm through “Account No. 742” of the Warenhandelgesellschaft, Berlin, maintained by the Reichsbank in Berlin. The letter then goes on to state: Since our representative in Paris, Dr. G. Schmilinsky, of the firm Th. Goldschmidt A.G., 65 [Page 364] Avenue des Champs Elysees, Paris, has requested us to make the above amount available at the Reichskreditkasse in Paris, to enable him to make payment for the shares at the auction sale immediately, we request that you take steps to transfer this amount to the Reichskreditkasse in Paris in favor of Dr. Schmilinsky as soon as you receive notice that the amount was paid in at this end. ------- Memorandum for the files concerning complaints by Dr. Hollwich. The memorandum is dated Paris 10 December 1942 and was signed by Muerdel, Director of the Reichsbank. Dr. Hollwich was concerned over the large transfers by Wehrmacht agencies to Germany. He said that was his intention to prohibit such transfers by the Navy and Air Force and to instruct them to make such payments to Germany, as was being done by the Army, through official banking agencies [P.35] domiciled in the Reich. In this manner, occupation costs funds would be saved and corresponding amounts in French francs would remain. When Muerdel pointed out that the amounts in ffrs. Would remain in France also, if the old procedure were followed, he agreed. However, he pointed out that in that case, these amounts would enable the Reichs Ministry for Economic Affairs and the Devisenstellen to approve payments to France for purposes not related to the occupation costs [besatzungskostenfremde Zwecke]. He wished to prevent this at least to the extent that the francs in question accrued from payments by Wehrmacht agencies to the Reichskreditkasse. He was of the opinion that a way must be found whereby amounts in ffrs. From such transfers were again placed at his disposal, as he desired under all circumstances that the Reichs Ministry for Economic Affairs or other agencies should not have disposal over such funds without his approval. ----- Letter from the French Minister of Finance to the German Military Commander in France dated 9 November 1942: I have been informed that on 6 November the occupation authorities withdrew from the account set up for the Reichskreditkasse at the French Bank of Issue cash in the amount of 2,875,000,000 francs. This withdrawal — the largest up to now — constitutes a link in a chain of similar transactions the extent and frequency of which I must call to your attention. The total amount in cash withdrawn by the Military Administration, which fluctuated since [Page 365] September 1940 between 4 and 5 billion monthly, has risen suddenly since May 1942 to 6,778,000,000 francs and in the last months soared to 8 billion and even more. The steadily increasing withdrawals in cash from occupation accounts do not seem to be justified by any difficulty in transferring the required amounts by other than cash payments *** The wide distribution of the notes, as the result of such withdrawals as well as of the difficulty of watching over their utilization and of ensuring their return to the bank and to the Treasury within a short period of time, constitute a serious threat to the orderly operation of the entire monetary system. This danger would become especially great if — as is to be feared — the notes withdrawn from the Bank as occupation costs were taken abroad. The Bank of Issue has had occasion to obtain confirmation from the main Administration of the Reichskreditkasse itself that certain amounts in notes were channeled to Brussels and even to Berlin. [P.36] ------- From Reichskreditkasse, Paris, to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 19 November 1942: Attached we transmit a copy of a note by the French Ministry of Finance to the Chief Military Administration in France. Our attention was called to this note through the fact that the Military Commander asked orally for an explanation for whom and for what purposes the large amounts in cash are necessary. We explained that the constantly increasing monthly withdrawals were conditioned by cash withdrawals by Roges and a few other official agencies which were engaged in purchases on the so-called Black Market. In October our bank paid out 318 million RM distributed as follows: 1. Roges, approximately, 150 million RM 2. Reichsfuehrer, SS, and Chief of the German Police Special Account, approximately, 30 million RM 3. Hermann Brandel, approximately, 20 million RM (Org.Otto — See our report of 16.6.42) 4. ReichsMinister for Armaments, 13 million RM Munitions (Special Account) [Page 366] For all other agencies of the Wehrmacht 105 million RM authorities and private account owners ------- Memorandum for the files dated 28 October 1942 showing that correspondence relative to the transfer on the books of 100 million RM from “Occupation Costs Account B” to “Accounts A P” for Roges was filed under II-40A. ------- A similar memorandum for another transfer on the books of 100 million RM, on the behalf of Roges in the same file is dated 9 October 1942. ------- Memorandum for the files dated 9 September 1942 showing that 200 million RM were transferred for Roges from “Occupation Costs Account B” to “Account A I". A record of this transaction was filed under II-40 A/ [P.37] ------- Memorandum for the files dated 25 August 1942 showing that 40 million RM were transferred for purchases by Roges from "Occupation Costs Account B” to “Account A I". A record for this transaction was also filed under II-40 A. ------- Memorandum for the files dated 22 August 1942 showing that 60 million RM were transferred for purchases by Roges from "Occupation Costs Account B” to “Account A I.” ------- Memorandum for the files dated Berlin 17 October (no year given) signed by Reichsbankoberinspector (signature illegible): The Supreme Army Command (OKW) is agreed that the ReichsMinister of Finance should dispose of an amount in francs reserved for the OKW in “Account A” which at present is as follows: 200 million RM less 1,500,000 RM set aside for payments to dependents, leaving a balance of RM 198,500,000. In this connection, it is assumed that in the event of unexpected need, the ReichsMinister of Finance will again make available to the OKW any remaining amounts in francs in “Account A.” [P.38] ------- [Page 367] Transfers from France in June 1942 in Excess of 50,000 RM Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM ---------------------------------------------------------------- Bordeaux 55.103… Daqua, Danneberg Kriegsmarinedienststelle & Quandt, Berlin- Lichtenberg Bordeaux Bordeaux 136.222.32 Zentralkasse Kriegsmarinedienststelle Bayerische Volksbank Bordeaux e.G.m.b.H., Muenchen Bordeaux 240.000… Deutsche Bank, Dienstelle Koblenz, for Feldpost Strassenbau, A.G. Nr. L 05 207 Bordeaux 71.513.20 Kreissparkasse Gebr. Keitel, Heilbronn f. Cognac- Gebr. Keitel Neckarsulm Lille 191.741.01 Commerzbank, Deinstelle L Berlin, f. 31859 LgPa. Gottlieb Tesch Bruessel GmbH., Berlin Lille 120.589.88 Commerzbank, Deinstelle L Berlin, f. 31859 LgPa. Gottlieb Tesch Bruessel GmbH., Berlin Lille 70.000… Vereinsbank Marine- Muelheim-Ruhr f. Standortkasse Hermann Dohrmann, Lumbres Muehlheim Lille 90.000… Deutsche Bank, Arbeitsgemeinsch Berlin aft Ri-Dri-Ma-Mue Nancy 148.585.24 Beuchelt & Cie., Eisenbahnbetrieb Abt. Beton u. s direktion, Tiefbau, Berlin- Amtskasse, Nancy Friedenau Nantes 64.852.10 Deutsche Bank, Marine- Hamburg, for Standortkasse Andersen & Cie., Lorient Hamburg Nantes 200.00… Unger, Breslau Marine- Standortkasse Lorient Nantes 59.109.33 Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt/M.f. Vesper E. Lorenz Paris 150.000… E. Berger Tiefbau I. Berger A.G., Berlin Tiefbau A.G. Paris 59.814.82 Conrad Marine- Gilderbrandt, Standortverw Frankfurt/M. [Page 368] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Paris 150.000… Carl Brandt, Carl Brandt, Dueren Bruyere Paris 117.538.39 Hauptzollamt Grossmarketenderei Muenchen Luftflottenkommando Paris 130.000… I.C. Pflueger & I.C. Pflueger & Co., Bremen Co., Paris Paris 100.000… Voemel & Co. KG., Voemel & Co. Dortmund KG., Dortmund Paris 270.000… I.C. Pflueger & I.C. Pflueger & Co., Bremen Co., Paris [P. 39] Paris 80.270.48 Goerlitzer Marine- Eisenhandel u. Standortverw Verzinkerei Paris GmbH., Goerlitz Paris 85.000… Jurid Vertriebs Jurid Vertriebs GmbH., Coswig GmbH., Paris Paris 1.000.000… Luftgaukommando Luftgaukommando Westfrankreich Westfrankreich Wisebaden Paris 260.000 Siemens France Deutsches AG, Paris Institut, Paris Paris 96.276.43 Staatstheaterkasse, Berlin Beutsches Institut, Paris Paris 221.502.18 Deutsche Bank, Kurt Eichel, Strassburg Paris Paris 100.000… Carl Brandt, Carl Brandt, Dueren Bruyeres Paris 1.000.000… Luftgaukommando Luftgaukommando Westfrankreich Westfrankreich Wisebaden Paris 200.000… Gebhard Gebhard Hinteregger, Hinteregger, Bregenz Paris Paris 54.349.75 L. Spoerle, Marine Frankfurt/Main Standortverw, Paris Paris 90.000… Amtskasse des Siemens France Oberkommandos der AG, Paris Wehrmacht, Berlin Paris 53.000… Siemens France Siemens France AG, Bremen AG, Paris [Page 369] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Paris 50.450… Reichsbank Berlin- Reichskreditkass Devisenabteilung e, Paris Paris 57.500… Luxemburger Marine Baumaterialien Standortverw Paris Reims 300.000… Dipl. Ing. Bauunternehmung Hermann Moll, Bernh. Moll, Reims Muenchen thru Bankhaus Merckh Fink & Co., Muenchin Rennes 100.000… Bank der Dt. Philipp Epple Arbeit, W. Elberfeld, z.G. Philipp Epple, W. Elberfeld Kloeckner & Co., Duisberg Rennes 51.901.18 Bank der Dt. Marinestandortka Arbeit, W. sse Brest Elberfeld, z.G. Philipp Epple, W. Elberfeld Kloeckner & Co., Duisberg Rennes 134.566.35 Deutsche Bank, L 31713, Lgpa. Koblenz z.G. Paris Strassenbau AG., Berlin-Friedenau Braunschweigische Staatsbank, Blankenburg, z.G. Kurt Eisermann, Thale Dresdner Bank, Berlin, for Polensky & Zoellner, M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik, Nurnberg Rennes 51.961.39 Deutsche Bank, Marinestandortkasse Koblenz z.G. Brest Strassenbau AG., Berlin-Friedenau Braunschweigische Staatsbank, Blankenburg, z.G. Kurt Eisermann, Thale Dresdner Bank, Berlin, for Polensky & Zoellner, M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik, Nurnberg Rennes 300.000… Deutsche Bank, Marinestandortve Koblenz z.G. rw. Le Havre Strassenbau AG., Berlin-Friedenau Braunschweigische Staatsbank, Blankenburg, z.G. Kurt Eisermann, Thale Dresdner Bank, Berlin, for Polensky & Zoellner, M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik, Nurnberg Rennes 61.039.44 Deutsche Bank, Marinestandortve Koblenz z.G. rw. Le Havre Strassenbau AG., Berlin-Friedenau Braunschweigische Staatsbank, Blankenburg, z.G. Kurt Eisermann, Thale Dresdner Bank, Berlin, for Polensky & Zoellner, M.A.N. Maschinenfabrik, Nurnberg ------------ 6.772.886.49 [p. 40] ------- Transfers from France in July 1942 in Excess of 50,000 RM Bordeaux 250.000… Bankhaus Merck, Hermann Moll, Finck & Co., Bordeaux- Muenchen, F. Muenchen Leonhard, Moll Bordeaux 108.000… Kto. 64/82 Kriegsmarinewerft, Reichsbk. Bordeaux Nurnberg [Page 369] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Bordeaux 300.000… Strassenbau AG., Dienstelle L Bln.-Friedenau 05207. Lille 165.000… Julius Berger Marinestandortkasse AG., Bln.- Lumbres Grunewald Lille 78.258.34 Fleischwarenfabri Marinestandortkasse k Karl Schrader, Lumbres Hamburg Lille 60.000… Duerener Bank for Marinestandortkasse Hermann Bock, Lumbres Dueren Lille 100.000… Heereskleiderkasse Heereskleiderkasse Berlin Lille Lille 153.522.33 Centralkasse Marinestandortkasse Bayer. Lumbres Volksbanken, Muenchen, for Emil & Erich Mueller, Nurnberg Lille 127.249.78 A.E.G., Berlin Marinestandortkasse Lumbres Nantes 308.192.58 Deutsche Marinestandortkasse Schiffsmaschinenb La Rochelle, au AG. Werk AG. Standortverwaltung “Weser", Bremen Nantes 135.888.74 Deutsche Marinestandortkasse Schiffsmaschinenb La Rochelle, au AG. Werk AG. Standortverwaltung “Weser", Bremen Nantes 95.000… Postcheckkonto Marinestandortkasse Nurnberg 3900 La Rochelle, M.A.N. Standortverwaltung Paris 66.917.09 Treuverkehr Dt. Treuverkehr, Dr. Treuhand Ag., Treuhand AG., Berlin Paris. Paris 170.000… Carl Brandt, Carl Brandt, Bauunternehmung, Bruyeres. Dueren Paris 90.000… E. Haack, Berlin- Marinestandortverw. Lichtenberg Paris 250.000… Philipp Holzmann Philipp Holzmann AG., AG., Paris Frankfurt/Main [Page 371] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Paris 217.858.55 Deutsches Deutsche Propaganda- Ausstellung Atelier GmbH. Paris 1942 AG., Berlin- Baubuero, Lichterfelde Rueckueberweisun gen, w/Abbruch der geplanten Ausstellung Paris 70.965.25 Andersen & Co., Marinesstandortverw. Hamburg Paris 1.000.000… Luftgaukommando Luftgaukommando Westfr. Wiesbaden Westfr. [p.41] Amtskasse Paris 75.595.99 Bauhag Marinesstandortverw. Wilhelmshaven Paris 80.000… Bauuntern. Herm. Hermann Behrens Behrens, Nurnberg Paris Paris 100.000… Dt. Soc.Gen.Commerciale Zentralgenossensc de l'Est, haftskasse, Paris Strassburg Paris 151.591.43 Dt. Kurt Eichel, Zentralgenossensc Paris haftskasse, Strassburg Paris 53.169.15 Dresdner Bank Kurt Eichel, Paris Paris 64.133.50 Dresdner Bank, Marinesstandortverw. Berlin, for Sudentenquell Paris 250.000… Philipp Holzmann Philipp Holzmann AG., AG., Paris Frankfurt/Main Paris 1.000.000… Luftgaukommando Luftgaukommando Westfr. Wiesbaden Westfr.-Frankreich Paris 51.680.38 Inh. Fischer & Marinesstandortverw. Cie., Duesseldorf Paris 267.590.80 E. Hoyer & Cie., Marinesstandortverw. KG., Berlin Paris 303.890… E. Hoyer & Cie., Marinesstandortverw. KG., Berlin Paris 138.179.28 Bauhag Baustoff Marinesstandortverw. AG., Wilhelmshaven Paris 80.939.68 Conrad Marinesstandortverw. Hildebrand, Frankfurt/Main [Page 372] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Paris 58.468.04 L. Spoerle KG. Marinesstandortverw. Frankfurt/Main Paris 170.000… Zollkasse Oberfinancekasse Bresaneon Paris Paris 150.000… Zollkasse Martean Oberfinancekasse Paris Paris 75.000… Zollkasse Gex Oberfinancekasse Paris Paris 1.000.000… Deutsche RKK.- Golddiskontbk. Rueckueberweisung Berlin Paris 100.000… Gebr. Arenz, Bonn Gebr.Arenz.Stuetsp, Paris Paris 361.516.21 Industrie-u. Dienstst. L Strassenbau 34705 GmbH., Berlin- LgPa.Bruessel. Lankwitz Paris 150.000… Philipp Holzmann Philipp Holzmann AG., AG., Paris Frankfurt/Main Paris 100.000… Stahlschalung Marinesstandortverw. Luchterhand KG., Neusdtadt/Weinstr. Reims 137.900… Friedrich Friedrich Wassermann, Koeln- Wassermann Braunsfeld Baubertrieb “Wasser” Amifontaine/Aisne, Rouen 84.000… Deutsche Bank, Marinesstandortverw. Hamburg, for Anderson & Co., Le Havre Hamburg [p. 42] Rouen 330.000… M.A.N.. Masch. Marinesstandortverw. Fabrik, Nurnberg Le Havre Rouen 76.276.12 Friedr. Krupp, Marinesstandortverw. AG., Rheinhausen, Uerdinger Le Havre Rouen 89.283.38 Friedr. Krupp, Marinesstandortverw. AG., Rheinhausen, Uerdinger Le Havre Rouen 300.000… Dresdner Bank, Polensky & Berlin, for Zoellner, Le Stammhaus Berlin- Havre Charlottenburg Rouen 100.000… Dresdner Bank, Schoettle & Berlin, for Schust AG., Le Stammhaus Berlin Havre [Page 373] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Rouen 124.262.82 Staedtische Marinesstandortverw. Sparkasse, Nurnberg, for Le Havre Emil Erich Mueller, Wurstfabrik, Nurnberg Transfers from France in August 1942 in Excess of 50.000 RM Bordeaux 150.000… Dresdner Bank, Ferd. Unger KG., Breslau, for Bordeaux-Breslau Ferd. Unger KG. Bordeaux 60.000… Nassauische Valentin Landesbank, Schlotter, Ruedesheim, F. Bordeaux- Valentin Ruedesheim Schlotter Bordeaux 70.000… Nassauische Valentin Landesbank, Schlotter, Ruedesheim, F. Bordeaux- Valentin Ruedesheim Schlotter Lille 81.199.40 Deutsche Bank, Arbeitsgemeinschaft, Berlin Ri-Dri-Ma-Mue Lille 60.000… H. Muehlenbruch, H.Muehlenbruck, Hannover Lille Lille 78.400.15 W. Zimmermann, Marinesstandortkasse, Malerei u. Lumbres Glaserei- Grossbetrieb, Nurnberg Lille 170.000… Vereinsbank Marinesstandortkasse, Hamburg, fuer Lumbres Firma Asphalt Comp “Hansa” Hamburg 26 Lille 238.000… Dresdner Bank, Marinesstandortkasse, Berlin, for Lumbres Julius Berger, Bin.-Grunewald Lille 53.018.65 Stadtsparkasse Marinesstandortkasse, Gelsenkirchen for Lumbres Fa. W. Freienstein Nachf. Gelsenkrichen [Page 374] Reichs- Amount RM Recipient By order of kredit kasse Nancy 110.230.55 Beuchelt & Co., Eisenbahnbetrieb Abt. Beton-u. sdirektion- Tiefbau, Berlin- Amtskasse Nancy Friedenau Nantes 66.634.11 Eichhorn & Cie., Marinesstandortkasse, Breslau Lorient Nantes 60.061.28 Commerzbank AG., Marinesstandortk W.-Barmen for asse, Saint- Koester & Nazaire Adolphs, W. Naechstebreck Paris 150.000… Dt. Soc.Gen.Commerciale Zentralgenossensc de l'Est, haftskasse, Paris Strassburg Paris 70.000… Bewa Marinestandortverwaltung Bewachungsgesellschaft Hildebrandt, Osnabrueck p. 44] Paris 88.154.80 Gebr. Roechlinkg, Gebr. Roechlink Eisenhandelsges., Eisenhandelsges. Ludwigshafen Paris 125.000… Kontropa Wien Kontopa Paris Paris 154.091.23 Gerichtskasse Oberfinancekasse Leipzig Paris 100.000… Gebr. Arenz. Bonn Gebr.Arenz., Paris Paris 211.420.32 Deutsche Bank, Kurt Eichel Strassburg Paris 75.000… Fritz Zervos, Fritz Zervos, Koeln Paris Paris 100.000.. Karl Brandt, Karl Brandt, . Dueren Bruy Paris 76.007.89 Krupp- Marinestandortverw. Eisenhandel, Paris Essen-R. Paris 241.977.000 E. Hoyer & Cie., Komm-Ges. Berlin Paris 169.450… Franz Brehme, Marinestandortverw. Walsrode i.H. Paris Paris 70.200… Mechan, Marinestandortverw. Spinnereir u. Paris Weberei Hermann Biederlack & Co., Greven Paris 53.212.08 Otto Ulrich Marinestandortverw. Tuchfabrik, Paris Werdau/Sa. [Page 375] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Paris 100.000… Gebr. Arenz. Bonn Gebr.Arenz., VerKaufsabt. D. Paris Luftwaffe, Berlin VerKaufsabt. D. Luftwaffe, Zweigst. Paris Paris 54.000… Gebr. Arenz. Bonn Gebr.Arenz., VerKaufsabt. D. Paris Luftwaffe, Berlin VerKaufsabt. D. Luftwaffe, Zweigst. Paris Paris 170.000… Befehlsstelle Gebr.Arenz., d.Zollgrenzschutz Paris es (Zollk.) VerKaufsabt. D. Besancon Luftwaffe, Zweigst. Paris Paris 80.000… Befehlsstelle Gebr.Arenz., d.Zollgrenzschutz Paris es (Zollk.) Gex. VerKaufsabt. D. Luftwaffe, Zweigst. Paris Paris 140.000… Befehlsstelle Gebr.Arenz., d.Zollgrenzschutz Paris es (Zollk.) VerKaufsabt. D. Morteau Luftwaffe, Zweigst. Paris Paris 131.904.12 Deutscher Marinestandortverwatung, Zementverband, Paris Metz Paris 157.490.63 Bauhag, Marinestandortverwatung, Wilhelmshaven Paris Reims 80.000… Friedrich Friedrich Wassermann, Koeln- Wassermann Bau- Braunsfeld Betrieb “Wasser” Amifontaine (Aisne) Rennes 57.207.05 Dt. Effekten-u. L 17 523 Lgpa. Wechselbank Paris Frankfurt/Main, for Konrad Hildebrand, Frankfurt/Main Rouen 50.786.80 Old. Landesbank Amstkasse L AG., 07201 Wilhelmshaven, f. Karl Lonecke, Zetel Rouen 300.000… Dresdner Bank, Polensky & . Berlin, for Zoellner, Le Stammhaus Berlin Havre [p. 45] Rouen 560.000… M.A.N. Masch. Marinestandortverw. Fabrik, Nurnberg Le Havre Rouen 133.000… M.A.N. Masch. Marinestandortverw. Fabrik, Augsburg Le Havre Rouen 55.000… Krupp Stahlbau, Marinestandortve Duisburg- rw. Le Havre Rheinhausen, Uedingen [Page 376] Reichs- Recipient By order of kreditkasse Amount RM Rouen 99.961.23 Bank d.Dt. Marinestandortverw. Arbeit, Hamburg, Le Havre f. Dyckerhof & Widmann AG., Hamburg Rouen 72.000… M.A.N. Masch. Marinestandortverw. Fabrik, Nurnberg Le Havre Rouen 140.000… Krupp Stahlbau Marinestandortverw. Duisburg, Le Havre Uerdingen [p. 46] ------------ 5.263.326.29 ------------ ------------ ------- Reichskreditkasse Bordeaux, September 23d, 1942 STATEMENT of Transfers to the Reich in the Period June--August 1942 of amounts in excess of 50,000 RM Date Amount Recipient By order of 1942 RM June 2 97.384.87 Reichshauptkasse Armeemarketender fuer Heeres ei Bordeaux standortkasse Metz, Abr. Int. XII Wiesbaden June 6 104.000… Reichshauptkasse Feldkasse l.Armee June 9 55.103 Daqua, Danneberg Kriegsmarinedien & Quandt, Berlin- ststelle Lichtenberg, Bordeaux Postscheck Berlin Nr. 12299 June 22 249.838.03 Reichshauptkasse Armeemarketender fuer Heeres ei Bordeaux standortkasse Metz, Abr. Int. XII Wiesbaden June 22 136.222.32 Zentralkasse Kriegsmarinedien Bayerische ststelle Volksbank eGmbH., Bordeaux Muenchen June 23 90.1954.94 Reichshauptkasse Armeemarketender fuer Heeres ei Bordeaux standortkasse Metz, Abr. Int. XII Wiesbaden [Page 377] Date Amount Recipient By order of 1942 RM June 23 240.000… Deutsche Bank, Dienststelle Koblenz, fuer Feldpost-Nr. L Strassenbau A.G. 05 207 June 30 71.513.20 Kriessparkasse Firma Heilbronn, for Gebr.Keitel, Gebr. Keitel Cognac-Nekarsuim July 3 50.000… Deutsche Bank, Firma Carl Bueren, for Carl Brandt, Bordeaux- Brandt Muenchen July 11 250.000… Bankhaus Merk, Hermann Moll, Fink & Co., Bordeaux- Muenchen, for Muenchen Firma Leonard Moll July 50.000… Commerzbank, Hermann Moll, 15 Dortmund, for Bordeaux- Firma Hans Muenchen Matzdorff & Co. July 395.249.68 Reichshauptkasse Armeemarketender 20 fuer Heeres ei Bordeaux standortkasse Ulm, Abr. Int. V Stuttgart July 108.000… Konto 64/82 Kriegsmarinewerk 22 Reichsbank, t, Bx. Nurnberg July 300.000… Strasenbau AG. Dienstelle L 30 Berlin-Friedenau 05207 August 150.000… Dresdner Bank, Ferd. Unger K.G. 6 Breslau, for Bordeaux- ferd. Unger KG. Breslau. August 60.000… Nassauische Valentin 14 Landesbank, Schlotter, Ruedesheim, for Bordeaux- Firma Valentin Ruedesheim Schlotter August 50.000… Deutsche Bank, Carl Brandt, 24 Dueren, for Fa. Bordeaux Dueren. Carl Brandt August 70.000… Nassau. Valentin 25 Landesbk., Schlotter, Ruedesheim, for Bordeaux- Valentin Ruedesheim Schlotter [p. 47] Reichskreditkasse ------- [Page 378] BAND IV Banque de France Office des Changes (Besatzungskosten Frankr.) Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 9 January 1945 to branch of the Deutsche Bank in Pforzheim. This letter relates to a deposit in French Notes on the basis of confidential decree No. 44 of 27.10.44. The Deutsche Bank was requested to transmit to the Reichsbankstelle in Pforzheim for the account of the Reichskreditkasse 14 million ffrs. Deposited by the Army through “Sonderfuehrer” Welz. ------- Letter from Deutsche Bank, Branch in Pforzheim, dated 28 December 1944 to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, stating that the Army (Feldwirtschaftskommandentur 9 Freiburg, in Brsg.), through Sonderfuehrer Welz, deposited on behalf of the firm Roges, Rohstoff Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H. Berlin C 2, 40 million francs in French notes which this bank, in accordance with instructions contained in a letter by Roges dated 18.12.44, was to place at the disposal of the Reichskreditkasse in Berlin. ------- Telegram from Deputy for the Niederlaendische Bank in Amsterdam to Reichsbank, Berlin, for Reichskreditkasse in Amsterdam, dated 16 December 1944: I request that you open the pouch deposited for my account containing 125 million ffrs, and credit the amount to an account of the Vermoegensverwaltungsund Reten-Anstadt, Amsterdam. At the Reichsbank in Frankfurt I deposited at one time another pouch containing 55,949,383 ffrs. In notes for my account, I request that you open also this pouch and credit the amount of the Vermoegensverwaltungsund Renten-Anstadt, Amsterdam. I would be grateful if you could credit these amounts prior to 31.12.44. ------- A similar telegram of the same date contains a request to the Reichskreditkasse in Brussels that it transfer the balance of Belgian francs, 3,125,000 to the Vermoegensverwaltungsund Renten-Anstadt. ------- [Page 379] Telegram from Reichskreditkasse, Strassburg, 15 November 1944 to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, to the effect that the balance of the Roges firm was at that time 254,801,626 ffrs [P.48] ------- Reichskreditkasse, Paris, which had transferred its seat to Nancy and then to Strassburg, dated Strassburg 30 October 1944, to Reichskreditkasse in Berlin to the effect that the Reichsbank branch in Muelhausen received a telegram from the Reichsbank in Berlin requesting it to hold available on behalf of Roges a further 100 million francs in French notes for Feldwirtschaftskommando 9 — Muelhausen. The telegram stated that Miss Margot Hoffmann and Oberzahlmeister Dr. Goebbels, each in his own right, could dispose of this amount and that these persons would prove their identity by means of a passport or some other form of identification. The Reichsbank branch in Meulhausen was instructed, in case its supply of French notes was inadequate, to obtain them from the local Reichskreditkasse. ------- From ReichsMinister for Economic Affairs to Reichsminister of Finance dated 9 October 1944: My intention to recall 50 million ffrs. From the 100 million ffrs. Credit granted in 1941 to the Aero Bank, the Paris subsidiary of the Deutschen Luftfahrt A.G. Berlin, in order to transfer it, with your assent, to “Account A I” can no longer be carried out owing to the military events which have taken place in France. The letter which I was to write to the Aero Bank was not sent. ------- From Reichskreditkasse, Nancy, (formerly Paris) 19 October 1944: As we had already informed Reichsbank Director Wilz today by telephone, the amount of 480 million ffrs. Deposited with us will be withdrawn by Herr Weiss in the near future. Herr Weiss asked today Director Kraney of the Roges to cause to be paid in a further sum of 10 million RM. The local branch of Roges still requires these funds. The amounts are to be credited, as heretofore, to the transfer account maintained with us. In compliance with instructions, we transferred back yesterday through the miscellaneous account 220 million ffrs. Which we took over from the Reichsbank. ------- [Page 380] From Reichsbankhaupstelle, Strassburg, dated 18 October 1944 to the Reichsbank (Devisen Section) Berlin: According to the Reichskreditkasse in Paris, Roges G.m.b.H. requires only notes of large demoninations. Of such notes, we have available: [P. 49] 16,500,000 ffrs. In 5,000 franc notes 8,400,000 ffrs. In 1,000 franc notes 3,400,000 ffrs. In 500 franc notes If necessary, we could use also the 66 million francs in French notes of the Reichsbankstelle in Karlsruhe (cash shipment of 25 September 1944) which are stored in Offenburg. Among these are 48 million ffrs. In large demoninations. ------ Management of the Reichskreditkasse, Berlin, 3 October 1944 to the Board of Directors of the Reichskreditkasse, Berlin: The Military Commander in France, on the basis of the decree of 7 September 1944, caused to be confiscated a part of the cash lying in the various branches of the Bank of France. This confiscation was based on the grounds that the French Government failed to pay the second September occupation costs installment of 8,300,000,000 ffrs. which fell due on 21 August. This action yielded French currency aggregating 2,931,000,000 francs, representing RM 146,500,000. This action was taken without consulting us. It was not necessary in order to ensure the military supply for Wehrmacht troops still on French soil. Our holdings amount to approximately 11 billion ffrs., or 515 million RM, which are still adequate for this purpose. ------- Military Commander in France to field commander in the cities listed below: O.U.* 7 September 1944: The French Government has thus far failed to pay the second September installment for occupation costs which came due on 21 August. In order to ensure the monetary supply for the Wehrmacht on French soil, I hereby order the following: The field detachments mentioned below will confiscate immediately the cash holdings of the branches of the Bank of France in their districts, and will take steps to transport these funds under military guard to the following Reichskreditkassen: Belfort, Colmar, Muelhausen, Strassburg, Saargemuend, and Saarlautern. According to the statement as of the end of July, these branches of the Bank of France had the following amounts in cash: [Page 381] Million ffrs Belfort 698 Besancon 642 Epinal 853 Luneville 93 Nancy 1,411 Nevers 1,016 Saint Die 181 Vesoul 227 [P.50] In addition, the safes of the Bank of France in Nancy or Epinal contained 2 billion ffrs. In 1,000 franc notes which were transported from Paris to Nancy in the middle of August. These 2 billion ffrs. Must likewise be confiscated and removed. signed, Kitzinger General of the Air Force ------- Commander of the Security Police and of the SD in Nancy, dated Nancy 13 September 1944. This is a protocol concerning the confiscation of currency of the Bank of France in Nancy. By order of the Commander of the Security Police and of the SD in France, in accordance with radio message Fraize No. 91 of 11 September 1944, 15:35 hours, it was ascertained that 1.2 billion ffrs. Were stored in the Bank of France in Nancy. In view of the lack of transportation facilities, only 880 million ffrs. Could be transported. The remainder, 320 million ffrs., was blocked by virtue of an order to the director of the bank not to touch this amount until further orders *** The protocol was signed by an SS Hauptsturmfuehrer and by an Army Officer. ------- Reichsbankhauptstelle, Mannheim, 9 September 1944 to Reichsbank in Berlin: This is to advise you that a military transport which arrived here from Nancy asked us to take into custody on behalf of the Field Command, Nancy, (Militar -- V.O.R. Roller) and for the account of the Pay Master of the Military Commander in France, 174 pouches sealed by the Bank of France containing 1,250,000 ffrs. The Reichsbank in Saarbrucken, which could not accept the notes because of shortage of space, referred the shipment to us. Inasmuch as our vaults are also completely filled up, [Page 382] and since we could not assume that in other places such as Frankfurt am Main adequate space was available, we endeavored to find a secure place elsewhere — if only because of the constantly existing danger of air bombardments — and we placed the funds mentioned above in a section of the vault which was made available to us by the branch of the Deutsche Bank in Mannheim in the building of the former Sueddentsche Disconto [p. 51] Gesellschaft, which now belongs to the Deutsche Bank. This space has been made available to us for an emergency, in the event that our own vaults may be damaged. ------- Reichskreditkasse, Strassburg (formerly Paris and then Nancy), 19 September 1944, to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin: The last statement showing the position in “Account N-8” (Occupation Costs) of the Reichskreditkasse with the Bank of France was handed to us on 16 August 1944. It shows a balance of 195,120,352.69 RM. From this balance, 150 million RM were withdrawn in ten circular checks of 10 million RM each; and 40 million RM in four circular checks of 10 million RM each. In addition, 5 million RM were transferred through Giro to “Account L 120". Making allowance for the Giro transfer made by us on 11 August 1944 in the amount of 7,842 RM — for which up to the 16 August 1944, we were not debited by the Bank of France — the remaining balance in "Account N-8” is 112,510.69 RM. Our contact with the Bank of France, Paris, continued normal until the evening hours of 18 August. On this day, at approximately 1730 hours, an official of the Bank of France appeared at the Reichskreditkasse with the request that we transmit the letter addressed to the Bank of France in Nancy concerning the transfer of “Account N-8” to Nancy to the Director of the Bank of France in Nancy *** On the 19 August, the Bank of France in Paris was already closed. From that date on, all contact with the bank was interrupted *** According to a letter of acknowledgment in our possession, a check for 440 million RM, that is 8,800,000,000 ffrs., was handed to Pay Master Roesch in accordance with an instruction of the Chief Pay Master of the Military Commander in France. This check was intended as an instrument for withdrawing from the Bank of France occupation costs installment payments which might be received until the middle of September. In the course of a telephone conversation between Nancy and Paris, Pay Master Roesch [Page 383] was instructed to take the check along during the withdrawal from Paris. ------- From Sonderstab “F” in the ReichsMinistry for Armaments and War Production, Berlin, dated 21 September 1944, to Reichskreditkasse, Berlin. The Sonderstab [Special Staff] "F” had a Giro account with the Reichskreditkasse in Paris consisting of funds of the ReichsMinistry for Armaments and War Production which was augmented by an intermediary credit amounting to 1.5 million RM. [P. 52] These funds were made available by the Chief Pay Master in France as an advance in order to carry out the production program and must be refunded to the Wehrmacht. At the time of the evacuation of Paris, the amount in this Giro account was 23,347,438 ffrs., representing 1,167,371.90 RM. The Special Staff has been transferred to the Reich and is continuing its production. In order to meet the committments as they come due, the Reichskreditkasse, Paris, at present situated in Strassburg, was requested to transfer the amount in RM equivalent to a new Reichsbank Giro account of the Nebenstelle Ratirgen Krs. Duesselldorf. This request could not be fulfilled as, according to information from the Reichskreditkasse, Paris, all balances in French currency are to be transferred to the Reichshauptkasse in Berlin. Accordingly, on 16 September 1944, the Reichskreditkasse in Paris was instructed to transfer the above-mentioned amount in the account to the Reichshauptkasse in Berlin to the credit of the ReichsMinister for Armaments and War Production. ------- German Armistice Delegation for Economic Affairs, dated Paris 16 August 1944, to the Chairman of the French Delegation of the same commission notifying him that beginning 23 August 1944, jurisdiction over the occupation costs account of the Chief of the Military Administration in France, maintained at the Bank of France, had been transferred from the Reichskreditkasse, Paris to Reichskreditkasse Nancy. ------- Memorandum for the files II/38 dated Berlin 30 August 1944, signed Waldhecker: v. Fuerstenberg reported that Lange, of the Wirtschaftsgruppe Maschinenbau [Economic Group Machine [Page 384] Construction] has received an order to bring back machines from the endangered areas of Northern France and Belgium. For wages, transportation cdosts, etc., 50,000 RM each are requied in French and Belgian francs. End of Band IV ------- [P. 53] KONTO BESATZUNGSKOSTEN FRANKREICH B From 1.7.42 until -- Copy of a statement by the Reichskreditkasse, dated 18 July 1944, addressed to the Reichsminister of Finance in Berlin showing that, in accordance with instructions from the ReichsMinister of Finance, 20,827,574 RM were transferred to occupation costs “Account B” from occupation costs “Account A". ------- Similar letter dated 26 March 1943 showing that, in accordance with a letter from the Chief Pay Master of the Military Commander in France, dated 24 March 1943, “Account B” was credited with 3,500,000 RM. This amount represented compensation paid through occupation costs account “A VIII” to Reichs-Deutsche and Volksdeutsche for war damages in occupied France. ------- Similar communication dated 11 December 1942 showing a transfer from occupation costs “Account B” to “Account AI” in the amount of 150 million RM to the credit of Roges, in accordance with a letter from the Chief Pay Master in Paris dated 8 December 1942. ------- Similar letter dated 25 November 1942 showing that 200 million RM were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accordance with a letter from the Chief Pay Master of 25 November 1942. ------ Similar letter of 30 October 1942 showing that 100 million RM were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accord- [Page 385] ance with a letter from the Chief Pay Master in Paris dated 29 October 1942. ------- Similar letter of 15 October 1942 showing that 100 million RM were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accordance with a letter from the Chief Pay Master in France dated 9 October 1942. ------- Similar letter of 14 September 1942 showing that 200 million RM were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accordance with a letter from the Chief Paymaster in France dated 9 September 1942. ------- Similar letter dated 27 August 1942 showing that 40 million RM were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accordance with a letter from the Military Commander in France (Pay Master) dated 22 August 1942. ------- Similar letter dated 24 August 1942 showing that 60 million RM (1,200,000,000 ffrs.) were transferred from “Account B” to “Account A I” in accordance with a letter from the Military Commander in France (Pay Master) dated 22 August 1942. ------- Similar letter of 6 July 1942 to the effect that 200 million RM (4 billion ffrs.) were transferred from “Account B” to "Account A I” in accordance with instructions from the Military Commander in France (Pay Master). The End [P.55] ------- ENCLOSURE No. 2 to Memorandum prepared by Mr. Ostrow for Mr. Deinhard, dated 29 Sept. 1945 Reichsbank Director Wilz Frankfurt, 27 September 1945 I. For what purposes was “Account 1006” used? II. From what accounts were payments made for shipment of goods from France to Germany? [Page 386] III. To what extent were included in these payments goods and services for purposes not related to the occupation [besatzungsfremde Zewcke]? I. "Account 1006” was the Reichsbank Giro account of the Main Administration of the Reichskreditkassen. All payments received by the Main Administration in Germany were entered in this account; all payments which the Main Administration had to make in Germany were paid from this account. From this account, in the transfer procedure France-Germany and Germany-France, the amounts were paid out in RM which, on instructions from the Military Commander in France, were paid into the Reichskreditkassen in France in ffrs. From transfer to Germany. Through this transfer procedure, amounts in RM were paid into the account, which, on instructions of the Reichs Minister for Economics, were payable in France in ffrs. II. Payments for commodity shipments from France to Germany were made (a) from occupation costs “Account A” and its subaccounts Original Amount (Dotierung) RM 1,140,000,000 Used for the redemption of RKK RM 700,000,000 notes -------------- RM 440,000,000 Subsequent transfers from "Account B to A I” 1,200,000,000 1,640,000,000 (Roges) ------------- ------------- (b) From “Account B” for the redemption of RKK Notes brought to France illegally after resumption of RM 2,000,000,000 occupation costs payments Carried forward RM 3,640,000,000 (c) From “Account B": Through direct allocations by the Army Pay Master to public and private RM 1,250,000,000 agencies [Page 387] Through conversion of RM for members of the Wehrmacht who entered France, within the scope of the payment regulations for the Wehrmacht. The greater part of RM 1,000,000,000 this amount was used for purchases of goods which were taken to Germany. (d) Through transfers from Germany in “Account RM 400,000,000 1006” From this account, the ReichsMinister for Economic Affairs ordered payments to be made which, in general, were not regarded by France as eligible for the clearing, or which were not related to the occupation (besatzungsfremde). The Main Administration kept a record of all payments in excess of 50,000 RM (several hundred items) which must be among the seized documents. Theutilization purposes were manifold. The chancellery of the Nazi Party paid through this account for objects of art, the Berliner Handelsgesellschaft for Roumania payment media for purposes of the German Wehrmacht in Roumania. The Gold Discount Bank transferred amounts to France for purchases of securities. The Roges also was among the organizations which made such transfers. Finally, the Reichsbank itself on various occasions acquired through this account, objects of art. Accordingly, in all the following amount was paid, outside of the clearing, for shipments of commodities, including securities, gold and for Devisen purchases, from France to Germany, in other words, for purposes not related to the occupation [besatzungsfremde Zwecke]. RM 6,290,000,000 III Payments for services are, according to my observations, not included in this amount. However, the Pay Master withdrew from occupation costs the amounts for war risk insurance premiums. They amounted, as far as I can recall, to 50,000,000 RM per calendar quarter. Since these payments began in the fall of 1942, the amount utilized for this purpose may be estimated at RM 400,000,000 IV With regard to those who were authorized to dispose of the amounts in the separate accounts, I should like to add the following: The account set up with the Bank of France into which French occupation costs payments were made was designated as "Hauptverwaltung der Reichskreditkassen wegen Militarbefehlshaber in [Page 388] Frankreich Bestazungskosten.” The Reichskreditkasse did not have the right to dispose of this account. In accordance with an exchange of notes between Germany and France in July 1940 (copies of which may be found in the files of the Bank of France) only the Reichskreditkasse in Paris could dispose of this account. The German beneficiaries, vis a vis the Reichskreditkasse, Paris, were the following: The ReichsMinister of Finance disposed of the amounts made available for “Account A", the ReichsMinister for Economic Affairs of amounts in “Account A I", while “Accounts A II to A X” were reserved for recipients designated as such to the Reichskreditkasse by the ReichsMinister of Finance. The Wehrmacht, represented by the Pay Master of the Military Commander in France, disposed of the amounts transferred on our books through “Account B". For transfers under (d) French payment media were available which German agencies in France (predominantly construction firms) had paid into the Reichskreditkassen, on instructions of the Military Commander, for payment of the RM countervalue in the Reich. The Reichsminister for Economic Affairs disposed of these amounts by instructing interested parties to pay RM amounts into “Account 1006” accompanied by instructions to the Main Administration always watched and sought to prevent the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs from disposting of more francs than actually accrued in France. As a result, the disposals of the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs remained, according to my recollection, 30,000,000 RM below the proceeds in France. Exact figures should be found in the seized material.