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Translation of document 3319-PS
Foreign Office Inf. XIV Anti-Jewish action abroad Number 137 secret 1 enclosure Berlin, April 28th,1944 Am Karlsbad 8 SECRET Subject: Anti-Jewish action in foreign countries. In conjunction with wired circular [Drahterlass] Multex number 196 of February 17th, 1944. To the German Embassy in Ankara, Madrid, Paris the Office of the Reich Plenipotentiary for Italy, Fasano the German Legation in Agram, Bern, Budapest, Bukarest, Helsingfors, Lisbon, Sofia, Stockholm the Office of the Reich Plenipotentiary in Denmark in Kopenhagen the German Consulate General Tangiers the Athens Office of the Special Plenipotentiary of the Foreign Office for the Southeast the Belgrad Office of the Special Plenipotentiary of the Foreign Office for the Southeast the Office of the Foreign Office in Brussels the Representative of the Foreign Office with the staff of the Reich Commissioner for the occupied Dutch territories in The Hague the VAA. at the Reichs Commissioner Eastland in Riga -each separately- 1. The Reich Foreign Minister has ordered the creation of the Inf. Stelle XIV (Anti-Jewish action abroad under the leadership of the Envoy I. K. Schleier). Its task is to deepen and to strengthen the anti-Jewish information in foreign countries. This will be done by the collection of all experts of the departments and working units of the Foreign Office who are interested and take part in the anti-Jewish information in foreign countries. It will also be done in close cooperation with all offices which are engaged with anti-Jewish work, but are outside the Foreign Office, and with German missions in Europe. Besides the co-workers who are directly assigned to the Inf.Stelle XIV: Commercial political department, Cultural political department, News and press department, Radio political department, Inland II America-Committee, England-Committee, Deputy for the information system, furthermore one permanent representative of the Reich Main Security Office one representative of the office of Reichsleiter Rosenberg and the provisional Director of the Institute for the Research of the Jewish problem, Frankfurt. It is intended that other offices engaged or interested in anti-Jewish work will also send permanent representatives to Inf. XIV. 2. It is necessary for the execution of the task charged to Inf. XIV that the missions send on all material available to them about Jewish or anti-Jewish occurrences s completely as possible and by the quickest means. Not only material from the concerned country is wanted, but special emphasis must also be put on the procurement of documents which concern the countries with whom Germany is at war. This material must and can be procured almost exclusively via neutral countries. The material collected at Inf. XIV will be edited in an appropriate way and will be put at the disposal of the missions for the best and greatest possible utilization. It is the duty of the missions to make use of the material they receive in any and every possible way: as basis for discussions for the members of the mission, in the press, in the radio of the country concerned, with measures which are at the disposal of the current information. (Activ-Information) 3. Individual reports about certain incidents of Jewish or anti-Jewish nature which come in from foreign countries will be forwarded by Inf. XIV to the departments of the office which are concerned with suitable suggestions for the purpose of further propagation. The press department utilizes this material as much as possible in the news agency reports, such as the German News Buro (DNB), TO-EP and National Press Service (NPD). The radio political department utilizes the reports in German and foreign language news broadcasts directed to foreign countries. It is the task of the press and radio consultants of the missions to check all material coming in to them in order to find out, whether there are any anti-Jewish reports and whether and how these might be utilized in the press and in the radio of their respective country. Inf. XIV will draw the special attention of the missions to reports where special emphasis is put on their propagation; this will be done from time to time by wired circular. Besides these current news reports over press and radio, the mission will, from time to time, receive a collection of the material which comes in from all missions and which has a certain value and possibility for utilization, beyond the present moment. Besides reports about actual individual incidents, the missions will currently receive documents from Inf. XIV on certain subjects, either as unfinished documents or as finished comments and articles. This material is also to be utilized in the best possible way. The missions are asked to report soon, how many copies of the material they want to receive each time, so that the material leaving by courier will be sent off from the beginning with the number of copies which are necessary for the practical work of the missions. 4. Current reports are to be made about the practical utilization of the material in foreign countries; corroborating documents are to be enclosed, as far as this is possible. Special value is placed by the Reich Foreign Minister on this way of reporting. 5. In order to collect within the missions all questions connected with the anti-Jewish action in foreign countries, a member of the mission is to be appointed consultant for Jewish questions; however, this should not be the consultant for culture, if possible. (compare wired circular Multex number 196 of February 17th.) A wired report is requested as to, who has finally been appointed consultant for Jewish questions of the mission. It is the task of the consultants for Jewish questions to put the material which arrives from Inf. XIV at the disposal of all those consultants of the missions who might be able to utilize it; furthermore, to take care of the collecting of the Jewish or anti-Jewish material in the domain of the mission and conveying it to Inf. XIV; as well as to supervise the collection and conveying of the reports and documents about the execution, and/or success to Inf. XIV. 6. An archive will be created at Inf. XIV, where all documents about Jewish and anti-Jewish happenings which are within reach of the Foreign Office and of the missions will be received, collected, and evaluated, according to plan. It is a special duty of the missions to convey the complete material collected in their office district to the archive. Details about the material to be collected can be taken from the enclosure. Of course, the material collected in the archive is also to be utilized for the purposes of the missions. On the basis of the documents, Inf. XIV will send to the missions from time to time, evaluation reports about individual personalities or incidents. 7. Financial means necessary for the procurement of Jewish or anti- Jewish material must be taken from the funds put at the disposal of the missions. 8. The missions are asked to inform the consular authorities under them appropriately and to incorporate them into the work. [signed] STEENGRACHT ------- Enclosure to decree number 137 (secret) of 28 April, 1944, Inf. XIV Jewish and anti-Jewish archive of the Foreign Office. (Inf. XIV, anti-Jewish action abroad) I. The archive is organized in the following way: 1. Personnel archive: containing all documents about Jewish and anti- Jewish personalities, including articles and reproductions of speeches of these circles of persons. 2. Archive of objects: containing all incidents concerning the Jewish question, assorted according to individual incidents. The reports of the missions about the Jewish question and about anti-Jewish measures in the individual countries belong here; reports or documents about certain individual questions, for instance Jews in economy, Jews in cultural life, Palestine White-book, and similar things. 3. Pictorial archive: II. The following material may be used for this archive: From the press: All newspaper and agency reports (the latter even then if not utilized in the press) about all incidents of Jewish and anti-Jewish nature. Speeches of Jews and antisemites. General articles and report about Jews. National measures against the Jews and against antisemites. Jewish newspapers and magazines. Anti-Jewish newspaper and magazines. Comic papers with anti-Jewish tendencies. Pictures: Photographs (if possible, original copies with glossy surface, but reproductions from newspapers, magazines, and books, too, if necessary of Jews and antisemites. Photographs about incidents of Jewish and anti-Jewish nature (Jewish manifestations, celebrations, etc, anti-Jewish' manifestations, demonstrations and others). Radio: Listening reports of the national sender of the country concerned, as far as they touch Jewish or anti-Jewish incidents. Cultural politics: All magazines, books, posters, leaflets, stickers with Jewish and anti-Jewish tendencies. Discussions of Jewish and anti-Jewish books and movie pictures, Jewish or anti- Jewish quotations from the literature of the concerned country with exact specification from which book and from which spot these quotations have been taken. Besides these sources which are the most important ones for the procurement of material for the archive, the following might be taken into consideration: Notes of members of the missions, of other Reich Germans and of foreigners about discussions which are about Jewish or anti-Jewish personalities or incidents; reports of other offices to which the missions have access about such occurrences. Procurement of personal statements of Jewish and anti-Jewish personalities (complete life history, if possible). Incidents about Jews in the economical life of the country concerned. Provided it is possible and not connected with special expenses, it is requested to send in the material in at least two copies. However, reports and notes of the missions are to be sent in five-fold, so that the necessary working copies can be forwarded to the interested departments without any further loss of work and time. ------- Foreign Office Berlin W 8 Inf. XIV Wilhelmstr 74-76. Anti-Jewish Action Abroad March 4, 1944 No. 73/74 [Receipt stamp] German Legation 17 March 1944 To the German Legation in Bucharest Subject: Work conference of Consultants for Jewish questions and Aryanization advisers. By direction of the Reich Foreign Minister (RAM), a work conference of the consultants for Jewish questions and Aryanization advisers will be held at Krummhuebel i. Rsgbg. at the beginning of April. The following messages have been wired to those missions to which no Aryanization consultant of the Reich Security Main Office [Reichssicherheitshauptamt] has been assigned: On Feb 17, 1944: "In accordance with a special order, anti-Jewish information program abroad is to be strengthened by every means. For clarification of all questions connected with procurement of material and utilization of information, the holding of a work conference has been ordered. This will be arranged in collaboration with the RSHA, probably for 3 and 4 April. Place of conference will follow. Request reply by wire as to which specialist there, who is familiar with the Jewish question in that country, will be sent to the conference. Schleier.” And on Feb. 26,1944: "With reference to wireless directive dated 17 Feb., Multex No. 196. Expert on Jewish questions must be prepared to give a brief report to the conference, lasting not over 10 to 12 minutes, on the effect of the anti-Jewish information program abroad thus far, possibilities for their intensification, possibilities for procurement and distribution of material, and to offer, as well, suggestions and proposals for the further work. It is intended to exhibit during the work conference from 3 to 4 April as complete a display as possible of anti-Jewish propaganda material from all to the countries of Europe. It is therefore requested that a complete collection of all anti-Jewish propaganda material to be found in that country, whether of local, [Page 10] German, or other origin, be sent to Inf. XIV. before 25 March. This includes books, periodicals, brochures, posters, handbills, stickers, postcards and the like. Schleier” The Aryanization consultant at the local mission will be invited directly to the RSHA to participate in the conference. It is requested that the Aryanization consultant be notified of the contents of the two wireless messages quoted above, that all material available there on the Jewish question be placed at his disposal, and that he be informed of all desiderata, proposals and suggestions for the intensification of the antiJewish information service abroad, so that he will be in a position to give a brief report at the conference. I should like to request that the material needed for the exhibit planned for the conference be dispatched in time to be at Information Office XIV by 25 March at the latest. By direction [signed] v. Thadden [Illegible initials] ------- Foreign Office [Receipt stamp] Berlin W 8 Inf. XIV German Legation Wilhelmstr. 74-76 No. 118/44 Bucharest 20 April, 1944 1 Enclosure 3 May 1944 No. 2803 Contents: Work conference of specialists for Jewish questions of the German missions on 3 and 4 April 1944. There is enclosed for your information a copy of the minutes of the work conference of the consultants for Jewish questions of the missions which was held at Krummhuebel on 3 and 4 April of this year. On account of their secret nature, the statements made by Counselor of Legation v. Thadden and SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Ballensiefen of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) have not been entered in the minutes. In accordance with Multex No. 246 of 28 Feb. 1944, most of the missions sent in for the conference, sometimes with request for their return, collections of anti-Jewish propaganda material from the countries concerned, such as books, periodicals, posters, handbills, etc. It is planned not to return this material, but, rather, to include it in the comprehensive Jewish archives that are being built up and that are also at the disposal of the missions. The archives are being set up in Krummhuebel in order to insure [Page 11] their safety from war damage. In view of the importance to the anti- Jewish information work of a complete collection of all pertinent material, it is requested that the return of the material furnished by your office be dispensed with. [signed] Schleier To German Embassy, Ankara Office of the Plenipotentiary of the Greater German Reich for Italy in Pasano German Embassy, Madrid German Embassy, Paris German Legation, Lisbon German Legation, Bratislava German Legation, Sofia German Legation, Stockholm German Legation, Zagreb German Legation, Bern German Legation, Bucharest German Legation, Copenhagen ------- Confidential Work-session of the consultants on Jewish questions of the German missions in Europe Krummhuebel, 3 and 4 April 1944 Greetings by ambassador Prof. Dr. Six, who gives the chairmanship to ambassador Schleier. In his opening-speech he deals with the tasks and aims of the antiJewish action abroad. Ambassador Schleier points to the faith of the Fuehrer in the racial principle of the people. This means repudiation of all foreign influences, and therefore the fight of National Socialism against the disintegrating and destructive activity of Jewry. The hatred of Jewry for us was the result of this fight. Ambassador Schleier commemorates the first victims of the fight of international Jewry against the German people, Wilhelm Gustloff and Ernst v. Rath. That fight represents a considerable part of the great struggle of the German people. The Fuehrer therefore gave instructions to take up the fight against Jewry at an intensified rate and to explain its part in the present war. He said, that roots of anti-Jewish tendencies existed in England and America. The question was, what possibilities existed for the European German Missions for the conduct of anti-Jewish activity. The [Page 12] work to be done would have to take place from the inside to the outside and vice-versa. Reports about the behaviour of Jewry in the country in question and about existing anti-Jewish tendencies in the country, would be necessary. Anti-Jewish propaganda in neutral countries was particularly difficult, but of the utmost importance, as there were possibilities that they might spread from there to England or America. The neutral countries, though, were also important as observation-posts. Press excerpts, radio reports, notes about events in enemy countries and the Jewish camp, which are reported by subjects of the host countries, as well as beginnings of anti-Jewish tendencies must be carefully collected and registered. Those reports must include all the spheres of life, which are influenced by the Jews. This material would be collected and worked out by “Inf. XIV” and then handed over to the missions for exploitation through the press and radio, by handbills, pamphlets and through the channels of whispering- propaganda. The publication would be done by the Press, Radio and Culture-political department. Ambassador Schleier then developed a few concrete projects. So, for instance, the idea was being entertained, to organize a travelling exhibition on rails or motorized. He planned, furthermore the publication of an anti-Jewish sheet-calendar, particularly for the States of South-Eastern Europe, as well as the creation of a great archive about all the problems of the Jewish question from the personal and factual viewpoint, which was to be accompanied by a collection of pictures. Ambassador Six speaks then about the political structures of world- Jewry, which he explains as an ideological and historical result of social development since the French revolution. The figures available in 1933, showed 17,000,000 confessional Jews. The real source of strength of Jewry in Europe and America was the Jewry of the East. It constituted the starting-point of the migration-movement from the European to the American area. Eastern Jewry advanced slowly from the East to the West and showed in that connection not only a religious but also a social inclination. Jewry had ceased to play its biological and at the same time its political role in Europe. Jewry occupied a leading position in the countries of the enemy-powers in their fight against National-Socialism and against the German people. The Jewish question had not been accentuated in Soviet-Russia, we know, however, by experiences made in the conduct of war, that the Jew now as before plays an important part in the hierarchy of Bolshevism. [Page 13] Jewish infiltration maintained itself in the Soviet Union. The second important country in this connection was England. There Jewry played a traditional part. Because of the plutocratic structure of England it had been possible to place Jews within the leading class, which influenced to a large extent the policy of the leading class during the 19th century. That interrelation step was an important factor for the evaluation of the present situation. The cooperation of English and American Jewry played a decisive part at the outbreak of the war. There are about 7,000,000 Jews in the United States. Their position was founded on an economic basis. The democratic ideology proved to be fertile oil for the progressive influence of Jewry. The strong Jewish infiltration into the leading classes of the 3 powers fighting against Germany, was a factor of the greatest importance. Ambassador Six turns then to Zionism. Zionism meant the return of all Jews into their homeland and land of origin, Palestine. The idea was to assemble them there politically and biologically, the whole question of that return was, however, politically overshadowed by the Arabian question. The creation of a homeland [Heimstaette] had been promised to the Jews after the war by the Balfourdeclaration of 1917. The Jewish element had spread itself in Palestine at the cost of the Arabs. The physical elimination of Eastern Jewry would deprive Jewry of its biological reserves. Its present structure was characterized by its association with the three World-Powers. That association became obvious in the Soviet-Union through the ideological combination of Jewry and Bolshevism in England by the penetration of the leading class and in the United States by the occupation of decisive key positions in high finance. The Jewish question must be solved not only in Germany but also internationally. Embassy-counsellor v. Thadden speaks about the Jewish-political situation in Europe and about the state of the anti-Jewish, executive measures. The speaker gave an outline why the Zionist Palestine solution or other similar solutions must be rejected and the deportation of the Jews to the Eastern-territories, carried out. Then he sketched the present state of anti-Jewish measures in all European countries. The speaker then relates the countermeasures taken by world-Jewry against the German anti-Jewish measures in Europe. The talks closed with the following request to the representatives of the missions: [Page 14] 1. Suppression of all propaganda even camouflaged as anti-Jewish, liable to slow down or handicap the German executive measures. 2. Preparation for the comprehension among all nations of executive measures against Jewry. 3. Constant reports about the possibility of carrying out more severe measures against Jewry in the various countries by using diplomatic channels. 4. Constant reports about signs of opposition actions by world-Jewry, in order to enable us to take countermeasures in time. (As the details of the state of the executive measures in the various countries, reported by the consultant, are to be kept secret, it has been decided not to enter them in the protocol.) SS Captain [Hauptsturmfuehrer] Dr. Ballensiefen, reports about experiences made during the execution of the anti-Jewish measures in Hungary in connection with the political events there. Prof. Dr. Mahr, deals in his speech with the antiJewish action abroad conducted on the radio. He demands the intermingling of German radio broadcasts to foreign countries with anti-Jewish propaganda-material, as well as the influencing of radio installations of countries near to us or allied with us, in the same spirit; at the same time safeguarding the sovereignty of the countries in question. Good material must be procured for the internal German radio. Miss Hauhsmann, (Dr.) speaks about the anti-Jewish action abroad in the press and about the importance of press-pictures in the service of the anti-Jewish action abroad. The need of photographs for the press at home and abroad was great. The cooperation of the missions was necessary in the procurement of anti-Jewish pictures. Important was also the discussion of anti-Jewish films in the press. Dr. Hauhsmann then points out the practical possibilities for publicizing anti-Jewish material in the foreign press, in which activity the main weight would have to be borne by the Pressconsultants of the missions. Dr. Walz, treats current anti-Jewish information. Real peace among the nations was impossible, as long as the Jewish problem was not solved, one way or the other. Information-activity had to take into consideration the prevailing mentality of the nations, which were to be influenced in an anti-Jewish sense. In the case of pamphlets, foreign examples should be initiated. Until now there was lacking an anti-Jewish film, which did not deal with known Jewish personalities, but which treated the little Jewish merchant and the Jewish intellectual in their daily activities. [Page 15] Embassy-secretary (LS) Dr. Kutscher speaks about propaganda-theses within the frame-work of the anti-Jewish action abroad. Every propaganda must be ruled by certain directives. Those theses were to be considered as such directives for the information activity. They had to be adapted to the currently prevailing local circumstances. They were intended for internal use. LS. Dr. Kutscher then formulates a few fundamental principles: The Jews are the instigators of this war. They drove the nations into the war, because they are interested in it. The Jews are the misfortune of all the peoples. — A Jewish victory would mean the end of all culture (Example Soviet Union) -Germany does not only fight the Jews for itself, but for all European culture. — The Jew dug his own grave by causing this war. The aim of those phrases was to bring certain facts to the attention of the people until they were finally convinced of them. Service leader Dienstleiter Haegmeyer, speaks about the international anti-Jewish congress and its tasks. His aim was to collect all the European Forces, which had occupied themselves with the Jewish question. The congress must be set up politically. The composition of the guests was a decisive factor. Particular value must be attached to the attendance of European scientists. The speaker asked the missions to help him select the guests, who should be invited to the congress. Now follow the reports of the representatives of the various missions about the Jewish-political situation in their countries and the possibilities of a.) the procurement of anti-Jewish material, b.) the execution of anti-Jewish information by radio, press, general means of information (pamphlets, posters, leaflets, stickers, postcards, whispering propaganda) and the executors of that kind of work. Dr. Klassen (France) next presents a lengthy historical resume of the development of the Jewish problem and of anti-Semitism in France, and points out differences in the treatment of Jews in the Northern and Southern zones. In the Northern zone steps had been taken toward the Aryanization of Jewish concerns, and Jewish publications had been suppressed. According to French legislation for Jews, Jewish writers and actors were not forbidden to work but they could not own or manage a newspaper or a theater. Jews had vanished from Government positions. An Institute for Jewish Questions was founded in France in 1940. An anti Jewish exhibition met with great success. Apart from a few anti-Semitic clericals, the Catholic Church gave far-reaching support to Jewry in the sense of the democratic ideology. A few anti Semitic films had a discouraging effect. The film medium [Page 16] should therefore be more widely used. The information activity must stem from the French tradition and be represented as the affair of the French. Useful starting points might be found among the followers of Diat and of French Fascism. The situation in French North Africa was well suited to exploitation. Dr. Beinert (Spain) reports that in Spain the Jewish question is not regarded as of present consequence from a racial standpoint. After the expulsion of the Jews in the Fifteenth Century, the Jewish question was regarded a closed historical problem. The scope of anti-Jewish information is very closely limited, therefore. It must not appear as German propaganda and can not appear as a large-scale campaign. It would be effective, on the other hand, to bring to the fore specific, impressive instances, especially with reference to economic aspects. Dr. Matthias (Portugal), too, stresses the difficulties faced by anti- Jewish information activity in Portugal. There is no Jewish problem in our sense of the term, in Portugal. For one thing, the migration of the Jews from central Europe, which began before 1933 and was particularly strong after 1933 and during the French Campaign, did not essentially alter the picture in Portugal, since Portugal was primarily merely country of transit for the Jewish emigration. Secondly, the original Jewish problem, that is to say, the difficulties that resulted from immigration of Jews into Portugal in very early times, found its solution, in the course of centuries, in a way that does not represent a clearing up of the Jewish problem in our sense, but that wiped out the traces of Jewry as a racial component of the people. The procurement of anti-Jewish material from the U.S.A. would be possible, but involved high costs. Vice Consul Dr. Janke (Switzerland) points out that while the majority of all Swiss are antiSemitic by healthy instinct, there is lacking a realization of the actuality of the Jewish question. The influence of Jews is much less than in the other countries under democratic plutocratic regimes. An anti-Jewish information activity would have to be handled with great care and without revealing its German origin, in order not to challenge the severe statutory restrictions and evoke mistrust of Germany. The sharp censorship, also, must be taken into account. For this reason, the work must be camouflaged. Possibilities to be considered are anti-Jewish tracts, which should be constantly altered in format; also the exploitation of Jewish scandals, compilation of a list of all Jewish persons playing a leading role in the enemy countries, and the spreading of jokes about Jews. The inviting of Swiss [Page 17] personalities to attend the anti-Jewish congress would meet with difficulties. Consul Dr. Meissner recommends, in connection with the anti-Jewish information work in Italy, exposure of the strong Jewish participation in illegal transactions (black market, sabotage, etc.) stating that, for the rest, the activity should appeal to Italian intelligence and should have a serious basis. It might be effective to publish an illustrated pamphlet objectively presenting Jewry as the catalytic agent of decay. Consideration could be given to Preziosi and Farinacci for an invitation to the congress. Mr. Delbrueck (Sweden) points out the difficulties of anti-Jewish information activity in Sweden. There had been no Jewish problem in this country before the campaign against the Jews in Denmark and the resultant heavy migration of Jews to Sweden. The Jewish immigration had led, however, to a reaction of distaste. It could therefore be taken as the starting point for anti-Jewish information activity. Care would have to be taken, certainly, to avoid in this anything that would smack of German propaganda. Only a few pro-German newspapers were available. Anti- Semitic propaganda literature must be printed in Sweden exclusively. Placards could not be used because there are no organizations at hand for it. Nor could postcards with anti-Jewish witticisms be used. No anti Semitic propaganda could be made over the Swedish radio. The participation of fanatic idealists in the congress was certainly feasible. Mr. Christensen (Denmark) states that the collection of material is possible now without more ado. Pictorial material could be obtained from the Royal Library in Copenhagen. As concerns information activity, the press can be used for “press release” [Auflageartikel] articles. This would make it however obvious, that it was German propaganda material. The propaganda in Denmark must be carried out by the Danes and not by a central German agency. Mr. Weilinghaus (Rumania) reports that the Jewish question Rumania has been approached only from the economic and the general political standpoint, with the racial and ideological aspects consistently neglected. The Rumanian Government is taking a cautious attitude toward the Jewish question. It depends a great deal upon the military situation. It is therefore necessary for us to proceed cautiously with our work. The Rumanian Government has informed us that propagandistic handling of the Jewish question would be undesirable. So that the whispering campaign remains our chief tool. Because antiJewish articles are not accepted by the rest of the press “Porunca Vremii” remains our [Page 18] only anti-Semitic organ. The material used in this newspaper is then printed separately in a large number of copies for distribution. There is, in addition, the possibility of falling back on old material that was approved before the more stringent censorship provisions went into effect. Finally, articles could be introduced in the provincial press, since the provincial censorship officials are generally less alert. The antiBolshevist propaganda which the Rumanians desire and support, furnishes an effective opportunity to it. In view of the present political situation, the speaker [Referent] does not recommend, for the present, the issuing of an invitation to Rumanians to attend the anti- Jewish congress. Superior Govt. Councillor [Ob. Reg. Rat] Dr. Hoffman (Bulgaria) declares that the procurement of anti-Jewish material is entirely feasible. The information activity could not be based on ideological grounds. Bulgarians should be approached in regard to the Jewish question by appealing to their acquisitive instinct and their nationalist feeling. The Bulgarian Government has adopted a completely loyal attitude in the Jewish question. It is to be made clear to the Bulgarians that the Bulgarian Jews have no understanding of Bulgarian aspirations. The radio can be utilized to a limited extent. Leaflets should not arouse suspicion by too exaggerated a format. It is recommended that Sobranje deputy Andrejeff be invited to the congress. Mr. Korselt (Slovakia) emphasizes that the antiJewish information activity can be continued only after resumption of the measures against racial Jews [Rassejuden], since otherwise the people would get the impression that the government was acting inconsistently. The anti- Jewish and antiBolshevist campaigns of enlightenment must be combined. Anti-Semitism must be employed to counteract the well-advanced Pan- slavism, by pointing out that not the Slav, but the Jew rules Russia. To the Slovak intellect the Jew appears as an intelligent and congenial representative of urban life. As a countermeasure, the international ramifications of Jewry must be demonstrated by means of convincing statistics and factual reports. It would seem to the purpose to depict the Jews in moving pictures and in children’s literature. There is a possibility-that a representative may be sent to the congress. Mr. Posemann (Turkey): Early last year the Turkish government carried out a blow against the Jews in connection with an attempt to solve the problem of minorities. Very vigorous procedures were used in the carrying out of this action. Suspicions of Allied circles that anti- Jewish measures alone were concerned [Page 19] were countered by Turkey with references to simultaneous measures against the minorities. At any rate, Turkey abandoned further measures toward a solution of the problem of minorities and therewith of the Jewish problem. For this reason, no anti-Jewish propaganda can be carried on under our direction at the present moment, since it is not desired and would be a burden on Turkey present foreign policy. There are no anti-Jewish publications in Turkey, aside from caricatures and comic books about Jews. A dawning realization of the extent of international Jewish domination can be seen in the translation of the "Protocol of the Elders of Zion” and of Ford’s book, The International Jew. The marketing of these brochures and their distribution has been promoted by the Embassy. For the time being, only work within this narrow range is possible, since, as has already been emphasized, anti- Jewish propaganda that was obviously German inspired might give rise to unfavorable political complications for us. In closing, Mr. Posemann made reference to the increasing difficulty with which any foreign propaganda could be introduced into Turkey. It was entirely out of the question that a leading Turkish personage would take part in the projected international congress. In conclusion Dr. Schickert discussed the topic, “Science and the Jewish Question". Propaganda alone, he said, was not enough. One must bring out facts that are not generally known. The Jewish problem must become, in its full seriousness and depth, a subject for discussion in polite circles. This was dependent upon a scientific treatment of the Jewish question. It is necessary that scientists abroad be influenced in that direction. After the representatives of the missions had presented their reports, Minister Schleier gave a resume of the results of the work conference, making special reference again to the question of procurement of material and to the work of the experts on Jewish questions attached to the missions as distributors of material to the representatives of press, radio, education, politics and business. It was important for the work of Inf. XIV that all speeches and expressions of opinion of a fundamental nature concerning the Jewish problem be brought together. Such collected material must also include, among other things, anti- Jewish comic papers, photographs of Jewish personalities, pictures of events and publications and pictures of Jewish life. A regular reporting of success achieved and tasks accomplished was indispensable to assure control of the work and to stimulate it constantly. As concerned the antiJewish international world congress, the specialists on Jewish questions [Referenten] would [Page 20] soon have to make up their minds about the question of inviting official and prominent representatives. A study should be made of the advisability of inviting outstanding foreign personages living in Germany. Some words addressed to the specialists on Jewish questions: Prof. Mahr suggests that duplicates of handbooks and reference books be obtained and sent to Krummhuebel for the projected archives. He recommends, further, the addition of lists of Freemasons of high degree, journalists, writers and business men who had Jewish relatives. Finally, he urges publication of a diplomatic handbook of Jewish world politics, which might also be published in the English and French languages. Consul Meissner alludes to the Jewish problem in Japan and East Asia, referring particularly to the numerous German Jews in Shanghai, and Minister Schleier adds a few supplemental observations and corrections. Legation Counsellor v. Thadden expresses three wishes to the missions: a. in making reports on the Jewish question. proper limits should be observed, b. reports are of no value unless they specify names and places, c. in regard to delivery of materials, all special desires must be made known. Vice Consul Janke expresses the wish that the list proposed by Prof. Mahr be limited to England, the U.S.A., and the Soviet Union. He also brings up the question of financing the antiJewish information work abroad. Mr. Hagemeyer desires to support the setting up of the lists, in particular with regard to the Soviet Union. SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Ballensiefen suggests that the lists be supplemented by the inclusion of Jewish organizations. Mr. Posemann requests that antiJewish reports relative to Turkey be very carefully handled in the German press, in order not to break any political porcelain. Mr. Richter makes reference to the Union of South Africa and Australia as sources of material. Vice Consul Janke refers to the influence of Jews upon the International Red Cross in Geneva. Minister Schleier speaks the final words and bring the conference to a close with a Siegheil! to the Fuehrer. ------- Inf. XIV Anti-Semitic Work Abroad WORKING CONFERENCE of the Specialists for Jewish Questions With German Diplomatic Mission in Europe on 3 and 4 April 1944 in Hotel Sanssouci, at Krummhuebel [Riesengebirge Mountains] Daily Agenda [Page 21] 3 April: 0900 hours Minister Prof. Dr. Six: Welcome Minister Schleier, head of Inf. XIV: Opening of the conference Mission and goals of anti-Semitic work in foreign countries Minister Prof. Dr. Six: The political structure of World Jewry. Legation Councillor Dr. v. Thadden: The political situation in Europe with regard to the Jewish question: a survey of the current position with regard to anti-Semitic governmental measures. [Marginal note: HPTSTF. Ballenstein] Prof. Dr. Mahr: Anti-Semitic work in foreign countries by radio Dr. (Miss) Haussmann: a. Anti-Semitic work in foreign countries through newspapers b. Newspaper photographs as a means of anti-Semitic work in foreign countries. Dr. Walz: Information about anti-Semitic activity Superior Legation Councillor (VLR) Tannenber Economies and anti-Semitic work abroad [Note of translator: this item has been crossed out] Legation Secretary Dr. Kutscher: Propaganda themes within the scope anti-Semitic work abroad. Dr. Colin Ross: Anti-Semitic work abroad and in America Dr. Berber: Anti-Semitic work abroad and Great Britain [Note of translator: the last two items have been crossed out] Chief of Service [Dienstleiter] Hagemeyer: The international anti-Semitic Congress and its Mission. 1300 hours… Breakfast together 1530 hours… Reports of the specialists for Jewish Questions with diplomatic mission about the possibilities of a. procuring anti-Semitic propaganda material b. carrying out anti-Semitic propaganda via radio, news- [Page 22] papers, general media of propaganda pamphlets, posters, leaflets, stickers, post cards, rumor propaganda, and the agents for carrying out this work. Country: Name: France Dr. Klassen Spain Mr. Juretschke [Note of translator: above name crossed out, and the following hand- written notation substituted: “Beinert, Head(?) of the German Labor Front, Madrid"] Portugal Dr. Matthias Switzerland Vice-Consul Dr. Janke Italy Consul Dr. Meissner Sweden Mr. Delbrueck Denmark Mr. Vogler [Note of translator: above name crossed out and “Christiansen” substituted] Rumania Mr. Weilinghaus Bulgaria SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Bierman [Note of translator: above name crossed out and “O. R. B. Hoffman” substituted] Croatia Prof Dr. Walz (President of the German Scientific Institute) Slovakia Mr. Korselt Turkey Mr. Posemann 4 April: 0830 hours… Movie: a. Newsreel b. Les Corrupteurs (Place of movie show will be announced later!) Immediately afterward about 1030 hours… Inspection of anti-Semitic propaganda Material mailed by the diplomatic missions in the various countries. Immediately afterwards about 1100 hours General discussion about addresses delivered the previous day Minister Schleier: Final words and summary of the results of the Working Conference. The afternoon will be available for individual Discussion between the Specialists of the Foreign Office, the guests and the Specialists for Jewish Questions of the Diplomatic Mission. 1930 hours… Supper together immediately afterwards… comradely get-together [Page 23] Miss Stein will be available at the hotel to participants in the conference for receiving telephone calls or other communications, and for making telephone calls out of town. ------- ROSTER OF PARTICIPANTS I. In charge of the Working Conference: 1. Minister Schleier, head of Inf. XIV II. Inf. XIV: 2. Privy Councillor Leithe-Jasper 3. Prof. Dr. Mahr 4. SS-Untersturmfuehrer Heuchert 5. KS.I. Hezinger III. Representatives of the Departments and Work Sections of the Foreign Office: Commissioner of Information 6. Legation Councillor Dr. Kutscher American Committee 7. Dr. Colin Ross British Committee 8. Dr. Berber Germany (Inland) II 9. Legation Councillor Dr. v. Thadden Department for Commercial Policy. 10. Superior Legation Councillor (VLR) Tannenberg Department for Cultural Policy 11. Minister Dr. Six 12. Dr. Richter 13. Dr. Walz Department of Information and Press 14. Dr. (Miss) Haussmann Department for Broadcasting Policy 15. Dr. Ahrens [Note of translator: above name has been crossed out and “Prof. Mahr” substituted] IV) Representatives of Diplomatic Mission: Country: Name: Bulgaria 16. SS.Obersturmfuehrer Biermann [Note of translator: above name has been crossed out and that of Superior Government Councillor (O.R.R.) Hoffmann substituted] Denmark 17. Mr. Vogler [Note of translator: above name has been crossed out and that of Christiansen substituted] [Page 24] France 18. Dr. Klassen Italy 19. Consul Dr. Meissner 20. SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Besshammer [Note of translator: the above name has been crossed out] Croatia 21. Prof. Dr. Walz (President of the German Scientific Institute) Portugal 22. Dr. Matthias Rumania 23. Mr. Weilinghaus Sweden 24. Mr. Delbrueck Switzerland 25. Vice-Consul Dr. Janke Slovakia 26. Mr. Korselt Spain 27. Dr. Juretschke [Note of translator: Above name has been crossed out and that of Beinert substituted] Turkey 28. Mr. Posemann V The following will participate in the Conference as guests: [hand-written notation: Inf.(XIV)] 29. SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Dr. Ballensiefen (of the Reich Main Security Office Reichssicherheitshauptamt) 30. Chief of Service [Dienstleiter] Hans Hagemeyer (Head of the Principal Office “Supra-national Powers with the Commissioner of the Fuehrer for the Supervision of the entire spiritual and Ideological Training and Education of the NSDAP) 31. Dr. Klaus Schickert (Head of the Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question) ------- Foreign Office Cultural political Leader Office [Kult Pol Fu Lt] 1126 [crossed out] 731g [in pencil] Gen II J G 771/44 [in pencil] Berlin, 20 April, 1944 [Stamp:] German Legation Bukarest 2, May 1944 G 771/44 [in pencil] SECRET We send you the current anti-Jewish information material in the enclosure. The material is partly of an older date, as we [Page25] originally intended to work on it here from a special point of view. For reasons of expediency, the material is now sent out in the enclosed form; we ask for a suitable evaluation in the corresponding channels. The material will be forwarded regularly in the future. By order Richter May 2nd [in pencil] Richter To the German Legation Bukarest ------- To Mr. Geheimrat von Kantran [in pencil] in this building June 13th 1944 Pa/We I. To the Chief of the Security Police and of the Security Service (SD) --Attache group-- Berlin. Subject: Decree of the foreign Office concerning anti-Jewish action in foreign countries. Reference: None. Enclosure: 1 (attached) I am enclosing a copy of a decree of the Foreign Office concerning the creation of an information office XIV (anti-Jewish action abroad) and ask you to acknowledge it. By order: [illegible signature] SS-1st Lieutenant Criminal commissioner 2. To the file ------- [Page 26] Foreign Office Number: Inl II 2777 in pencil] G1810/93 33/43 [in pencil] Berlin W8, 12 October, 1943 Wilhelmstreet 74-76 SECRET [Stamp] German Legation Bukarest Received: 18 October 1943 Diary Number G 1910/43 Answer- — [illegible] Copy Sent to the German Legation In Bukarest, — Please acknowledge -- By order: n. Thadden The Chief of the Security Police and of the Security Service(SD) IV B 4 b-2314/43 secret (82) SECRET Berlin 23 Sept. 1943 Special Delivery Letter To a. All (administrative) offices of the state police. b. The commander of the Security Police, and the security Service, Central Office for the regulation of the Jewish question in Bohemia and Moravia, in Prague. c. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service, in Prague. d. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service in the occupied Dutch territories, in the Hague. e. The commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service for the domain of the Military Commander in France, in Paris. f. The Deputy of the Chief of the Security Police and of the Security Service for the domain of the Military Commander in Belgium and Northern France, In Brussels. g. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service in Metz. h. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service in Strassborg. [Page 27] i. The Commitment Command [Einsatzkommando] Luxembourg. In Luxembourg. j. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service, in Oslo. k. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service in the General Government, in Cracow. l. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service East [Ostland] in Riga. m. The Commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service Ukraine in Kiev. n. The Chief of the Commitment group B, in Smolensk. o. The Commanders [Kommandeur] of the Security Police and the Security Service in Carinthia (Kaernten) and Carnioia (Krain) in Veldes. p. The Commander [Kommandeur] of the Security Police and of the Security Service in Lower Styria, in Marburg. By way of information To a. The Superior SS-and Police Leaders in the Reich and in Bohemia and Moravia. b. The Superior SS-and Police Leaders with the Reich Commissioner for the Occupied Dutch territories in The Hague. c. The Superior SS-and Police leader in France, In Paris. d. The Superior SS-and Police Leader with the Reich Commissioner for the occupied Norwegian territories, in Oslo. e. The Superior SS-and Police Leader, State Secretary for the Security system, in Cracow. f. he Superior SS-and Police Leader North (101) in Riga. g. The Superior SS-and Police Leader Niddle (102), in Minsk. h. The Superior SS-and Police Leader South (103) in Kiev. i. he investigator of the Security Police and of the Security Service. Subject: Treatment of Jews with Foreign citizenship in the sphere of German power. Reference: Decree of 5 March 1943, wired decree number 53579 of 24 March 1943 and wired decree number 91535 of 18 May 1943 — IV B 4 b 2314/43 secret (82) [Page 28] In agreement with the Foreign Office, all Jews who remain in the sphere of German power after the end of the so-called home bringing action [Heimschoffungsaktion] and who have the citizenship of the following countries might now be included in the evacuation measures: 1. Italy 6. Sweden 2. Switzerland 7. Finland 3. Spain 8. Hungary 4. Portugal 9. Roumania 5. Denmark 10. Turkey Since the evacuation of these Jews to the East cannot yet take place at the present time, a temporary stay is provided in the concentration camp Buchenwald for Male Jews over 14 years of age and in the concentration camp Ravensbruck for Jewesses a well as children. The necessary measures are to be carried out on the following dates: a. For Jews with citizenship immediately, b. For Jews with Turkish citizenship on 20 October 1943, c. For Jews with citizenship of other countries mentioned above on 10 October 1943 Roumania [in pencil on right side] A special application for protective custody is not requested for the transfer to the concentration camp, but the concentration camp headquarters are to be notified that the transfer to the concentration camp is taking place in the frame of the evacuation measures. The regulation of the above mentioned decree of 5 March 1943 are in force for the management of the property and for the taking along of baggage. As far as the evacuation of Jews with foreign citizenship which has already been ordered in the decree mentioned above has not yet been carried out, it is to be made up for immediately. Concluding I want to point out the fact that Jews who are married to spouses with German or German related (artverwandt) blood are to be excepted from all measures now as before. After the execution of all measures a final report is requested. (latest date November 1st 1943) Additional remark for the commander of the Security Police and of the Security Service for the occupied Dutch territories: [Page 29] Attention is drawn to the special regulation of the same day, as far as those Jews in Holland are concerned who have Roumanian citizenship. By order [signed] MULLER [Stamp:] Foreign Office Inl II 2777 Secret. [in pencil] Received October 5th 1943 Endorse [Stamp:] The ReichsfuehrerSS and Chief of the German Police in the Reich Ministry Certified: of the Interior [signed] RASENACK Chancellery Clerk Inl II 9947 Secret [in pencil] The Chief of the Security Police and of the Security Service VI B 4 b-2314/43 Secret (82) -- ------- Berlin, October 2nd, 1943 To the Foreign Office To be delivered to Legation Counsellor [Legationsrat] von THADDEN in Berlin W8 Wilhelmstreet. Sent with request for acknowledgement. The individual exemptions which are thought to be necessary by your office will be treated separately, as agreed with the signer of this in earlier discussions. By order: Signed: HUNSCHE Certified: [signed] RASENACK Chancellery clerk Ra [Stamp:] The Reichsfuehrer SS and Chief of the German Police in the Reich ministry of the Interior ------- [Page 30] Copy The Reich Minister for the Occupied Berlin W35 Mar, 42 Eastern territories Rauchstr. 17/18 No. I/602/41 Secret Secret! DIII 238 Receipt stamp To the Foreign Office Foreign Office Berlin W8 D III 260 g Wilhlmstr. 72-76 Received 13 Mar.42 Subject: Deportation of Rumanian Jews on the Bug. With reference to the conference with Legationsrat Rademscher and Lieutenant Colonel [Obersturmbannfuehrer] Eichmann and my expert Amtsgerichtsrat Dr. Wetzel, I send you in the enclosure a copy of the agreements of Tighina of 30 Aug 1941 with the request for acknowledgement. I point out especially number 7 of the agreements. I have already taken a position in my letter of 5 Mar. 1942. By Direction /s/ Dr. Draeutigam Seal Authenticated /s/ signature Government inspector Enclosure to Gen Qu II/1542/41 Top Secret Copy Secret ------- COPY Agreements about the security, administration, and economic exploitation of territories between The Dniester and the Bug (Transnistria) and the Bug and the Dnieper (Bug- Dnieper-territory). The following serve as a basis for the agreements: The Fuehrer’s letter of 14 Aug 41 to Chief of State [Staatschef] Antonescu. The answering letter of the Chief of State of 17 Aug 41. The letter of the Chief of the German Army mission to the Royal Rumanian General Staff of 24 Aug. 41. To the mutual German Rumanian Agreements in the town hall at Tighina and the necessity of examining all questions to be treated from the viewpoint of the Mutual waging of the war which was emphasized there as an introduction by Major General Hauffe. [Page 31] 1. Determination of Responsibility The following are responsible: a. In Transnistria Rumania for security, administration and economic exploitation; for traffic and communication system see number 3. The decision of the Fuehrer about the new Northern border suggested by Chief of State Marshal Antonescu is to be obtained through diplomatic channels. b. in the Bug-Dnieper-territory: Germany for administration and exploitation; Rumania for security. 2. Rumania Security Troops Strength and organization of Rumania security troops are so measured that the planned missions can be fulfilled. Presumably the following will be employed for this: One army high command (seat in Transnistria, probably Odessa) 2-3 Corps commands, in any case one of them in Transnistria and one in the Bug Dnieper territory, some 7 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades. The tactical employment as well as the entry of the Rumanian security will take place according to the directives of the Command of Army Group South [Oberbefehlshaber der Heeresgruppe Sued]. For this the assignment of the Rumanian billeting environs in the Bug-Dnieper territory by Army Group South is necessary in order to be able to start with preparations for communications lines and quartering. An exact determination of the Northern border in the Bug-Dnieper territory is not possible because of the operations now under way; the Rumanian occupation will, however generally not be employed north of the line Uman Tescherkasy. A special agreement about the tactical subordination of the Rumanian security troops in the Bug-Dnieper territory will follow. Fundamentally, however, the Rumanian troops there will be placed under the command of the Rumanian Corps Command with exception of emergency cases in which the local German agencies can requisition the nearest Rumanian troops directly. The drafting of the civilian population in Transnistria for security and police service under the supervision of the Rumanians is desired; the units of this civilian police service shall, however if possible not be armed. The “German liaison command” (DVK) remain as before with the Rumanian command authorities but they remain subordinate to the German Army Mission. 3. Traffic and Communications System in Transnistria. a. Railroads and inland navigation. [Page 32] Both traffic means are in the first place at the disposal of the mutual operational troops and of the occupation troops and are administered by a German transport commander. Repair and administration of both traffic means is the affair of the German military agencies who can give responsibility for parts of the rail network to the chief of the Rumanian rail system. The Rumanian agencies will support the German agencies in construction and maintenance of the railroads. A German transport command for Transnistria will be established in Odessa which will have a Rumanian liaison command for the protection of Rumanian interests. In Odessa, Katowsk and Golta-Perwomajsk German railroad station commands will be established with one Rumanian liaison officer for each. Single transports demand a report to the Transport command. The following sections will be put into operation by the Germans: Balta-Odessa which will be changed to normal gauge track by track. Odessa-Wosanosensk (broad gauge) Balta-Golta (broad gauge) Repair (normal gauge) of the sections tiraspol Rasdelnaja and Rybniza- Balta on the part of the Chief of the Rumanian rail system is desired. A special agreement for the material support for the repair of the Dniester railroad bridge at Tighina will follow. b. Sea transports. Sea transport on the Black Sea unites the allied navies of Germany and Rumania directly. c. Highways and bridges. Highways and bridges are maintained by Rumanian Agencies (including protection from snow drifts and ice). The highways important for operations will be made known shortly to the Royal Rumanian General Staff. A special ruling will follow about possible granting of German snow plows. Employment of improvised snow plows and anticipatory Rumanian troops and of the civilian population is necessary. The German Army mission will make its engineering officers available as advisors in all highway and bridge building problems. d. Telephone communications. Telephone communications are basically to be installed and operated by Rumanian agencies, operations communications are most urgently to be kept in mind. The construction of the line [Page 33] Bacau-Odessa-Nicholajew and Odessa-Otschkow-Nicolajew has been determined by a special regulation (Colonel Stenzel-Lt. Col. Etschberger) on 28 Aug 41. The communication officer of the German Army Mission is available for the regulation of mutual communications demands in Transnistria. A special agreement will follow about possible supply of the Rumanian agencies with copper wire as well as making available a copper line from Chisinau via Balta to the Rumanian corps command in the Chisinau Bug- Dnieper territory. e. The security of traffic routes and communication lines is the responsibility of the Rumanian occupation troops. 4. Administration and Economic exploitation in Transnistria. The administration in Transnistria will be set up and directed by the Rumanian chief of administration; he is-in the interest of the mutual conduct of the war-bound in decisive questions by directives of the military commander in Transnistria. A higher German war administration official will be assigned upon request to the Chief of the Rumanian Administration of Transnistria for advice and support. The economic exploitation of Transnistria is the affair of the Rumanian Agencies. A “liaison agency of the German Armed Forces in Odessa” will be set up for the protection of the demands of the mutual conduct of the war, the tasks of which are: a. Care of German Troops in Transnistria for this purpose “German Armed Forces Garrison Commands” — presumably in Odessa, Katowsk and Golta-Perwomajsk -- will be set up along side of the railroad station commands. b. To support the Rumanian agencies for economic exploitation in the seizures and distribution of means necessary for mutual operations and to determine mutually the means necessary to conduct the war in accordance with the following directives: The stocks of all sorts are to be determined mutually. The Rumanian occupation troops the administration and the population will receive their portions. The remainder will be placed at the disposal of the mutual operations. In case operative interests demand it, the demands of the operative troops have priority over the demands of the occupation troops the administration and the populace. In this matter it is essential to save tonnage space, that is, to obtain stored property of all sorts from the operational areas as soon as possible and to harness industry etc. for the conduct of the war. [Page 34] 5. War Booty. That which Rumanian troops have won remains Rumanian booty; that which German troops have won — German booty. 4 German booty camps in Transnistria will be given over to the trusteeship of Rumanian agencies. A part of the War booty in Transnistria has been given to the Buergeimeisters. They have a certificate for that. Also this booty is to be taken over in trusteeship by Rumanian agencies. 6. German agricultural officers in Transnistria. The German military special officers of the A.O.K. 11 for agriculture who are active in Transnistria are to be replaced by Rumanian agencies as soon as possible. 7. Deportation of Jews from Transnistria. Deportation of Jews across the Bug is not possible at present. They must, therefore, be collected in concentration camps and set to work, until a deportation to the east is possible after the end of operations. 8. The Rumanian border line agreed upon remains on the Dniester. Army Group South takes over the closing of the Eastern and Northern boundaries of Transnistria. 9. Accounting of deliveries. The accounting of deliveries of all kinds from Transnistria will be clarified by the Rumanian and German agencies competent for this. It is essential at present to register all achievements carefully and to request receipts. For the Royal For the High Command Rumanian Grand of the German Army General Staff /s/ Hauffe /s/ Tatarnu Major General Brigadier General ------- File memo According to information today from director General Lecca, 110,000 Jews are being evacuated from Bukovina and Bessarabia into two forests in the Bug River Area. As far as he could learn, this action is based upon an order issued by Marshal Antonescu. Purpose of the action is the liquidation of these Jews. Bucharest, October 17,1941 [Signature illegible] 1. To be discussed with Vice Minister President Antonescu. ------- [Page 35] Confidential Bucharest, October 16,1943 Consultant for Jewish Questions 1. To the Chief of the Economic office of the Auslandsorganisation (AO) of the NSDAP party member Musmacher Bucharest. Subject: Expulsion of Jews from firms owned by citizens of the German Reich Previous correspondence: known Inc.: 1 To be returned. 1. With the request that it be returned, I am sending inclosed herewith a statement prepared by the Government Commissioner for Jewish Questions concerning Jews employed in firms owned by citizens on the German Reich. At my instigation, the Reich Commissar for Jewish Question has been undertaken, on the basis of this list, to invalidate the labor books of all Jews working for these firms. Please return this list when finished with it. [signature illegible] (Richter) SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer 2. forwarded 5, Nov. [initial] W carbon copy to SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Party Member Richter ------- Confidential Note for Landesgruppenleiter Party Member Kohlhammer Bucharest, August 2,1943 Subject: Removal of Jews from firms owned by citizens of the German Reich. In the sense of our understanding concerning the immediate removal of Jews still employed in Bucharest firms owned by citizens of the German Reich, I have determined, in collaboration with Party Member Richter of the German Legation, upon the following: By referring to the lists at his disposal, Party Member Richter will immediately demand, through the Rumanian authorities, the withdrawal of the labor book from every Jew still active in ReichGerman firms. The action itself will be started by the Legation [Page 36] and will thus be lent an official character and coordinated with the intentions of the Economic Counselor of the National Group [Landesgruppe]. [initialed] M /H. Musmacher/ Economic Counselor of the National group [Wirtschafteberater der Landesgruppe] Carbon Copy from the National Group in Rumania SS-Hauptatumfuehrer Richter German Legation, Bucharest ------- 6 August 1943 National Group Leader [Landesgruppenleiter] (Strictly confidential) Office II of the organization of the NSDAP abroad [AuslandsOrganisation der NSDAP] Dear Party Member Stempel, I am forwarding to you, inclosing herewith, a confidential circular addressed to my closest collaborators and should like to ask that you bring it to the attention of Party Member Christian, also. I have given my Economic Counselor strict injunctions to desist unconditionally from the tolerance heretofore practiced and to take the sternest measures against German firms which still employ Jews. We have named these firms for years, now, and they always find ways and means to postpone the removal of the Jews. Upon my recommendation, the Consultant for Jewish Questions in the German Legation, SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Richter, will cooperate very closely with my Economic Adviser, so that the goal may be reached as soon as possible. The German Envoy, v. Killinger, is at any rate, one hundred percent in accord with my action and I hope that we can have the German firms free of Jews in Rumania within a very short time. I greet you with Heil Hitler Yours Kohlhammer [signed] Ludwig Kohlhammer National Group Leader [Landesgruppenleiter] Inc, as mentioned ------- [Page 37] National Group Leader [Landesgruppenleiter] Bucharest, Aug 5,1943 For cognizance To my colleagues of the Offices and to the ranking Party representatives in Temeschburg, Arad, Hermannstadt, Kronstadt, Galatz, Braila, Gzernowitz Subject: Removal of Jews from firms owned by citizens of The German Reich. I pointed out at length, at last week’s roll-call, that I no longer have any understanding, in the fourth year of the war and under total mobilization for war, for the case; a. if a German firm continues to employ a single Jew or b. if it requests from German agencies permission to continue to employ one or more Jews. As a person well acquainted with economic conditions here, I can not think of a single case where a German firm would any way jeopardize its existence by an immediate removal of Jews. If a German firm did lose some business or other now through the immediate discharge of its Jewish employees, that is really a very small sacrifice compared to the tremendous difficulties overcome and sacrifices made by those firms who had to carry out the dismissal of Jewish employees during the Jewish era of King Carol-Lupescu. In almost all cases actual experience has shown that the earlier and more thoroughly Aryanization is carried out, the more quickly a reliable and sound business development sets in. I can only give the following advice to anyone who still employs a Jew: Make up your mind to this: your Yid either became very ill yesterday, or he was drafted for the labor service. Do, now, that which you will have to do anyway. Whoever fails to carry out the removal of Jews immediately can no longer claim, in the fourth year of the war, the right to be considered, treated, or addressed as the head of a German enterprise. We dare not forget that untold thousands of our fellow Germans have lost all their property and become homeless because of Jewish criminal instincts and Jewish capital instigated, organized and are carrying out the despicable terror raids. We owe it to our sorely tried fellow countrymen in the heavily bombed regions to sever at once any connection we have with Jews. [Page 38] Cases of so-called German firms which fail ruthlessly to get rid of the remaining Jewish connections within the next one or two months are to be reported to me. Heil Hitler! [signed] Ludwig Kohlhammer National Group Leader ------- Top Secret Ministerial Presidium Bucharest, Nov. 25 1943 No. 311 256/R Directorate of the Section for Liaison with the ministries Mr. Commissar General! With reference to your letter, no. 1126, of 24 November this year, we take pleasure in forwarding to you an extract from the stenographic record of the meeting of the council of Ministers on 17 November this year regarding the problem of the evacuation of the Jews from Transnistria. Please be assured, Mr. Commissar General, of our most favorable regard. Secretary General: By direction signed Basarabeanu To the Commissar General for Jewish Questions Deputy Director General by direction Signed with signature.