The Holocaust Historiography Project

INDEX

A

Anti-Semitism
General attitude, history of, Japanese attitude — 4, 11, 89, 100, 101, 124, 125
Arlington Hall Station — 27, 36, 84, 129, 159
B-III — 38, 40
Army Security Agency — 53, 116, 118, 130, 131, 133
ATIS (Allied Translator and Interpreter Section) — 41
Auschwitz-Birkenau
Construction, SS reports, Vrba-Wetzler report — 13, 19, 155

B

Bank for International Settlements — 107, 108, 110
Benson, Robert L. — 7, 16, 19, 74, 133
"BJ's" (blue jackets/Black Jumbos) — 69
Black Code — 7
Bletchley Park — 5, 15, 23, 27, 29, 34, 36, 38, 39, 40, 44, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 57, 69, 124, 125, 133, 155, 159
Bertrand, Gustave — 14, 15, 18, 36, 55
Bloom, Congressman Sol (D-NY) — 85
Bolivia — 132
Boston reports (OSS) — 32, 33, 45, 47, 54, 61, 65, 66, 67, 73, 84, 97, 106, 107, 113, 117, 125, 129, 160
Brazil — 85, 91, 92, 132
Breitman, Richard — 8, 16, 18, 19, 50, 73, 74, 110, 111, 132, 155
Bretton Woods — 107
British Security Coordination (BSC) — 31, 38, 67
BRUSA (Britain-United States COMINT Agreement 1943) — 27, 50
Budapest
Roundup of Jews, political climate — 20, 42, 56, 70, 82, 84, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 111, 112, 115, 116, 123, 132, 139, 147, 150
Buchenwald — 60, 69, 74, 113, 156
Bulgaria — 13, 70, 76, 81, 107, 111, 118

C

Cable traffic — 11, 30, 31, 65, 68
Calvocoressi, Peter — 155
Censorship — 30, 31, 54, 67, 68, 73
Churchill, Winston
Attitude towards Ultra, speech denouncing Police atrocities — 16, 79
Commercial traffic and codes
Bentley Code, Peterson Code — 106, 118
Communications — 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 89, 93, 94, 98, 106, 108, 112, 114, 121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 133, 135, 155, 159
Communications intelligence (COMINT); general description, effectiveness — 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 21, 23, 24, 25, 29, 43, 44, 45, 47, 51, 52, 53, 54, 57, 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 89, 93, 94, 98, 106, 108, 112, 114, 121, 124, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 159, 162
Cryptanalysis, Allied, description of — 5, 6, 15, 25, 38, 39, 40, 50, 54, 57, 67, 73, 75, 106, 114, 159, 160
Currie, Laughlin — 108, 109, 110, 118, 119

D

Daluege, Kurt — 49, 51, 80
De Grey, Nigel — 126
De Silva, Cardenas — 85, 139, 147
Denmark — 1, 83
Deportation of Jews
France, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Netherlands, Slovakia — 82, 92, 96, 97
Dickstein, Congressman Samuel (D-NY) — 92
Dissemination of COMINT
British methods, American methods, concern over security — 4, 22, 27, 44, 48, 49, 126, 130
Dominican Republic — 93
Dulles, Allen — 106

E

Eichmann, Adolph
Hungary operation — 12, 19, 95, 97, 99, 139, 156
Eire (Republic of Ireland)
Reports on roundup of Jews in Rome — 67, 70, 83, 131
Einsatzgruppen
description — 1, 12, 13, 15, 77, 83, 118, 122, 156, 159
Enigma
Versions, effectiveness of Allied cryptanalysis — 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 18, 21, 24, 28, 36, 39, 40, 46, 48, 50, 53, 54, 56, 69, 70, 71, 78, 80, 82, 124, 126, 129, 132, 133, 159
Examination Unit (Canada) — 32, 92

F

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) — 32, 67, 73, 135, 159
"Final Solution"
decision, deception about — 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 76, 78, 112, 122, 123, 124, 128, 132, 155, 156
FLORADORA — 39, 63
Foreign workers
Status of Polish workers in France, Germany at end of war — 14
France — 12, 13, 14, 15, 21, 25, 36, 39, 53, 56, 63, 67, 77, 80, 81, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 103, 104, 108, 109, 112, 114, 122, 123, 125, 131, 139, 151, 152, 153, 156
French Indochina — 103
French North Africa — 36, 93

G

George Wood (see Boston Series) — 65, 73, 119, 106
German COMINT
intercept and cryptanalysis of U.S. diplomatic communications, Hungarian
communications; code-breaking organizations — 2, 4, 6, 9. 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 39, 40, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50
German Police Decrypts (GPD)
Description, graphic example — 4, 15, 44, 47, 49, 52, 59, 61, 62, 68, 69, 78, 121, 129, 131, 159
Germany
Attitude towards Jews, war aims, prewar policy towards Jews; diplomatic messages; policy of deception and denial — 1, 4, 7, 11, 12, 14, 29, 34, 36, 44, 48, 51, 55, 63, 64, 65, 71, 72, 73, 76,78, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 89, 92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 101, 105, 108, 109, 110, 113, 117, 119, 124, 127, 130, 157
Gestapo — 12, 39, 82, 110, 159
Goering, Hermann — 12, 13, 76, 95, 106, 118
Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) — 1, 2, 57, 159

H

Haye, Henry — 69, 90, 92, 93, 114, 115
Havana, Cuba — 90, 114
Hermann Goering Werke — 95
Heydrich, Reinhard — 12, 13, 76, 80, 90, 111
Himmler, Heinrich — 46, 51, 61, 76, 80, 82, 97, 128
Hinsley, F.H. — 9, 15, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 74, 111, 113, 118, 133, 155
Holocaust
general history — 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 24, 36, 42, 46, 47, 48, 53, 57, 58, 61, 63, 66, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 83, 86, 87, 94, 98, 102, 104, 110, 111, 121, 122, 123, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 133, 155, 156, 157
Holocaust denial — 16
Hull, Cordell — 46, 88, 93
Hungary
Roundup of Jews — 2, 28, 44, 45, 75, 81, 82, 84, 85, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 117, 122, 123, 131, 132, 139, 150, 156

I

Ickes, Harold — 86
Intercept (collection of messages)
Description of system — 2, 4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 46, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 97, 98, 101, 104, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 114, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 132, 133, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 160
International Red Cross — 15, 28, 63, 85, 94, 97, 103, 139, 148, 149
ISCOT — 71, 72, 74, 111, 159
ISK — 69, 70, 159
Italy
Roundup of Jews — 3, 7, 40, 44, 46, 65, 70, 81, 82, 83, 85, 95, 109, 111

J

Japan
Historical attitude towards Jews — 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 18, 19, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 40,
41, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 51, 53, 55, 56, 61, 62, 63, 64, 73, 75, 76, 78, 81, 82, 83, 86, 87, 88, 90, 94, 95, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 112, 113, 114, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 132, 133, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 160
Jewish Agency for Palestine — 62, 85, 88
JIC (Joint Intelligence Committee) — 43, 49, 50, 55, 57, 159

K

Kallay, Miklos — 95, 115
Karski, Jan — 48, 58, 126
Kase, Shunichi — 106, 107, 108, 109, 118, 119
Kaunas, Lithuania — 76, 78, 87, 113
Kitamura, Kojiro — 107, 110
Knox, Dillwyn — 47, 70, 159
Kolbe, Fritz (see Boston Reports) — 65, 106
Kollontay, Alexandra — 85
Kozaczuk, Wladyslaw — 14, 15, 18
Kubotinski, Leon — 85, 125

L

Laqueur, Walter — 15, 54, 58, 112, 115, 132, 133, 155
Latin America, reaction to Holocaust — 25, 26, 27, 38, 87, 89, 91, 92, 132
Laval, Pierre — 90, 91, 93, 139, 151, 152, 153

M

"Magic" Diplomatic Summary — 44, 45, 46, 47, 53, 55, 57, 59, 63, 66, 73, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 153, 155, 159
Majdanek — 84
MASK translation — 73
Merkers mine — 110
Mexico
Concern over Bejar — 92, 98, 114, 115, 132
Ministry of Economic Warfare (MEW) — 44, 71, 105, 110, 119, 160
Monitoring Station (MS) — 5, 25, 30, 32, 34, 35, 36, 42, 75, 106, 126, 135, 160

N

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) — 1, 2, 3, 9, 16, 17, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 61, 62, 65, 66. 68, 69, 72, 73, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 121, 132, 133, 134, 135, 160
National Cryptologic Museum
Library, collections — 61, 71, 111, 133
"Nazi Gold" — 64
Netherlands — 21, 30, 53, 81, 82, 99, 103, 122, 162
Nippon Yusen Kaisha (NYK) — 86
NKVD — 16, 72, 118, 160

O

Office of Strategic Services (OSS)
X-2; R&A Branch
One-time pad (OTP) — 1, 31, 61, 66, 73, 119, 129, 132, 160
OP-20-G (U.S. Navy) — 1, 4, 26, 27, 32, 36, 42, 53, 54, 56, 67, 73, 128, 131, 133, 160
Oshima, Hiroshi Baron
Attitude to individual Jews, comments on anti-Jewish forum — 29, 53, 55, 100, 103, 115, 118

P

Palestine: 32, 62, 68, 85, 97, 112, 115, 118;
Jewish immigration — 5, 70, 86, 88; Jewish force - 88; Arab reaction - 88; terrorist incidents — 75, 88; U.S. support — 88
P.C. Bruno — 36
P.C. Cadix — 36, 37
Petain, General Philippe — 89, 90, 92, 93
Poland: 12-15, 18, 21, 70, 74, 78, 82, 84-5, 95, 97, 103, 113, 124;
Poles and Polish Jews in France — 92; German policy in occupied — 76, 81
Portugal
Transit for refugees, concern over workers, reports from Budapest — 25, 96, 104, 105, 107, 109, 118, 119, 132
Priority (of Intercept) — 22, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 34, 40, 55, 62, 81, 123, 127
Prisoners of War,
treatment of Russian, Jewish, Axis — 65, 76, 83, 103
Public Record Office (PRO) — 1, 4, 7, 8, 17, 61, 62, 67, 68, 71, 130, 160
Puhl, Emil — 106, 107, 108, 110
Purple — 6, 18, 21, 24, 25, 26, 29, 36, 39, 45, 46, 53, 56, 126, 127, 160

Q

R

Radio Security Service (RSS) — 32, 67, 68, 82, 160
Reichsbank — 46, 70, 97, 106, 107, 108, 110, 118
Ribbentrop, Joachim von — 29, 85, 86
Romania — 81, 82, 84, 85, 95, 96, 107, 111, 115, 118, 132
Roosevelt, Franklin D. — 46, 47, 48, 57, 58, 66, 86, 87, 88, 102, 105, 108, 113, 125, 132
Refugees — 46, 65, 86, 87, 89, 90, 97, 102, 103, 107, 113, 121

S

Sassoon, Sir Victor — 101
Schutz Staffel (SS) — 12, 26, 110, 160
Shanghai
Refugees; conditions and relief efforts — 87, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 113, 116, 117, 157
Sichersheits Dienst (SD) — 12, 26, 29, 62, 67, 70, 74, 77, 82, 83, 111, 122, 128, 131, 159, 160
Signal Intelligence Service (SIS) — 2, 22, 25, 32, 47, 53
Signal Security Service (SSS) — 25, 53, 54, 129
Sobibor — 74, 79
Spain — 25, 63, 64, 85, 96, 104, 105, 107, 109, 112, 117, 119, 132
Special Liaison Unit (SLU) — 14, 45, 48, 57, 160
Special Security Officer (SSO) — 45, 57, 160
"Stateless" Jews — 100, 102, 104
Statutes des Juifs — 90, 94
Steengracht, Adolf von — 99
Stephenson, Sir William — 67
Stettinius, Edward — 88
Stucki, Walter — 109
Sugihara, Chione — 87, 113, 156
"Summaries" Multinational Diplomatic (SMM) — 64, 115
Sweden
Trading with Germany — 1, 25, 83, 85, 96, 97, 104, 105, 117, 119, 139, 149, 149
Swiss National Bank — 104, 107, 108, 110
Switzerland — 9. 25, 84-5, 96-7, 99
Trading with Germany — 70, 104-110, 119, 126, 139, 148-9; roles as neutral, diplomatic communications targeted by Western COMINT — 28, 39, 56, 62-3, 65; reaction to Currie mission — 108-0
Szalasi, Ferenc — 98, 99, 122

T

Tangier — 93, 97, 115
Translations
Process; training; sources — 2, 9, 15, 17, 18, 19, 24, 27, 28, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 54, 55, 56, 58, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 77, 86, 98, 101, 105, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 122, 127, 129, 103, 131, 133, 159, 160
Treblinka — 74, 79, 156
Turkey — 25, 42, 46, 85, 92, 95, 105, 117, 119

U

Ultra — 1, 4, 5, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, 21, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 73, 121, 125, 129, 133, 155, 160
Ultra Secret, The — 5, 14, 17, 18, 58
United Nations Conference — 88
United States Coast Guard (USCG) — 27, 32, 67

V

Valeri, Cardinal Valerio — 92, 93
Vanden Heuvel, William — 16, 19
Vatican
Cryptography
roundup of Rome's Jews
intervention on behalf of — 9, 25, 26, 39, 56, 65, 70, 73, 82, 85, 96, 98, 111, 112, 113, 115, 116
VENONA — 6, 16, 69, 71, 72, 74, 115, 116, 118, 119, 130, 160
Vichy — 2, 5, 9, 17, 19, 25, 34, 36, 39, 42, 55, 63-4, 67, 73-75, 103-4, 109, 111-114, 122-3, 131-2, 134, 139, 151-2, 156
Policy towards Jews — 89-94; reaction from Pope- 92-3, Jewish children — 93
Vladivostok — 87
VN (Verlaessliche nachtrichten) — 107, 139, 165, 148, 149
Vrba-Wetzler Report — 83, 84, 131, 161

W

Wallenberg family
Role in secret peace initiatives, fn, — 72, 115
Wallenberg, Raoul
Efforts at rescue — 98, 99, 115, 116, 139, 147, 156
Wannsee Conference — 12, 76, 102, 124
Weber, Ernst — 18, 108, 109, 114
Welles, Sumner — 93
White, Harry Dexter — 108
Wise, Stephen — 47
World Jewish Congress — 85, 92, 125