The Holocaust Historiography Project

Air Photo Evidence Auschwitz, Treblinka, Majdanek, Sobibor, Bergen Belsen, Belzec, Babi Yar, Katyn Forest

By John Ball

World War II photos of alleged MASS MURDER camps

Does evidence CONFIRM or DISMISS eye witness stories?

Were GAS CHAMBER marks put on by C.I.A. WORKERS?

Copyright 1992 by Ball Resource Services Ltd.


For information contact:

Ball Resource Services Limited Suite 160 - 7231 120th Street Delta, B.C., Canada V4C 6P5

Address given in 1999 on Ball's Website : 11345 - 86 Avenue, Delta, B.C., V4C 2X1, Canada. See: www.air-photo.com


[begin excerpted text]

A brief history:

Residence: I [John C. Ball] have lived in British Columbia, Canada almost all my life and now live in Delta, just outside of Vancouver.

Training: In 1981 I received a Bachelor of Science degree in Geology from the University of British Columbia.

Air photo experience: With my work as a mineral exploration geologist I have interpreted air photos using stereo magnifying equipment since 1976.

[Regarding image file AUTHOR.GIF:]

April, 1992: Myself [John C. Ball] at the National Archives Air Photo Library in Alexandria, Virginia.

Air photos:

(1) I selected the 1939 to 1945 air photos of Europe and western Russia during April and May, 1992 from the collection at the U.S. National Archives Air Photo Library in Alexandria, Virginia,

(2) The photos were interpreted in Vancouver using a Yena Interpreterscope and a table stereo viewing magnifier, and

(3) I then enlarged selected photos using a Pro Lab 4 x 5 inch enlarger, and had them scanned for publication at 150 lines per inch.

Acknowledgement:

I wish to thank the staff at the National Archives Air Photo Library for their patient assistance in helping me locate the photographs reproduced in this book.

Irony of using GERMAN air photos:

It is ironic that ½ of the air photos in this book, which are being used to determine the truth about accusations that Germans systematically murdered people in detention camps, are those which were exposed by the GERMAN military from 1939 to '45 when they were taking photos of targets such as railway lines and access roads.

Air photos taken from 1939 to '45 by the Americans and British are only available for AUSCHWITZ and BERGEN BELSEN; all of the other 1939 to '45 photos in this book were exposed by Zeiss Yena cameras in German airforce planes.


Table of Contents

Chapter Title Page

INTRODUCTION - a summary of how the chapters are arranged 1

1 AIR PHOTOS IN WORLD WAR II - used to confirm or dismiss spy stories 2

2 HAMBURG BOMBING VICTIMS - buried in long trenches 6

3 KATYN FOREST EXECUTED PRISONERS - piled in deep graves 9

4 BERGEN BELSEN TYPHUS VICTIMS - thrown into large pits 18

5.1 AUSCHWITZ - mass murder allegations and map 22

5.2 I.G. FARBEN INDUSTRIAL AREA - large synthetic rubber and oil complex 25

5.3 AUSCHWITZ I CAMP - what individual buildings were used for 32

5.4 C.I.A. 'HOLOCAUST' 1979 REPORT - evidence it is based on altered photos 37

5.5 FARMS SURROUNDING BIRKENAU - a close up look at the cremation end 49

5.6 BIRKENAU CAMP - what new arrivals saw, heard, and smelled 54

5.7 THE 1944 WAR REFUGEE BOARD AND 1988 LEUCHTER REPORTS 60

5.8 TWO BIRKENAU CREMATORIUMS - no evidence of gassings and cremations 62

5.9 TWO SYMMETRICAL BUILDINGS - most likely not used as crematoriums 69

5.10 AUSCHWITZ BOMBING - answers why the camps were not bombed in 1944 72

6 TREBLINKA - 800,000 alleged murdered and cremated in farming country 78

7 BELZEC - 600,000 alleged killed and buried at hillside logging camp 92

8 Sobibor - 250,000 alleged gassed at railway station and logging camp 98

9 MAJDANEK - 80,000 alleged shot, gassed, and burned in Lublin suburbs 102

10 BABI YAR RAVINE - 33,000 alleged dug up and cremated in one month 106

11 CONCLUSIONS - what air photos have revealed 109

FINAL CONCLUSIONS - based on the evidence 113

REFERENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY 114

AIR PHOTO REFERENCE NUMBERS 115

INDEX 116


[Image file LOCMAP.GIF shows the locations discussed and shown in the book.]

INTRODUCTION:

1. OBJECTIVE WHEN I STARTED RESEARCH:

My objective was to ANALYZE aerial photographs of World War II German controlled detention camps in Poland for evidence to confirm the claims that mass murders, burials, and cremations had been conducted there, and to COMPARE this evidence with information from other locations where mass executions or deaths together with mass burials had occurred.

2. METHOD:

I reviewed the books listed in the references and then compared these allegations for each of the alleged mass murder camps with the evidence revealed from studying the air photos. Enlargements were made of important pictures.

3. CHAPTER ARRANGEMENT:

CHAPTER 2 TO 4 reviews areas like the KATYN FOREST where mass burials occurred,

CHAPTER 5 reveals air photo evidence about whether mass murders and cremations were being conducted at AUSCHWITZ or BIRKENAU,

CHAPTER 5.4 shows evidence which I believe proves marks were added to 1944 Auschwitz air photos before their public release in 1979, and

CHAPTER 6 TO 10 shows the alleged Treblinka, Belzec, and Sobibor camps from 1940 to '44 and the Babi Yar ravine as it looked in 1943.

4. NOTHING IS HIDDEN FROM AIR PHOTOS:

Looking at the air photos will be just as if we went back in time to World War II to take a series of airplane flights over the different areas.

CHAPTER 2

FIREBOMBING HAMBURG CREATES LARGEST FIRE IN HISTORY

On Sunday, July 28th, 1943 from 1 to 2 am British planes dropped gasoline, phosphorous, and explosive bombs on the Hamm & Hammersbrook residential districts of Hamburg, Germany to create a firestorm that engulfed a 5 kilometer (3 mile) wide area sending a 2 kilometer (1¼ mile) wide column of flames soaring 4 kilometers (2½ miles) high which pushed superheated gases a further 8 kilometers (5 miles). To feed the 600 degree centigrade (1200 degree Fahrenheit) firestorm, winds reached 240 kilometers per hour (150 miles per hour) dragging uprooted trees and people into the inferno. (Ref.: CAIDEN, M., pages 4 to 50)

In oxygen deprived shelters people suffocated while clawing at blocked exits. On rubble strewn streets people met choking gases, burning debris, and walls of flame. They scrambled to the Elbe or Alster Rivers writhing in pain from boiling asphalt and burning phosphorous. Children were dragged into the flames or stuck to boiling asphalt. Thousands simply vaporized. Many who reached the rivers died unable to stop the burning phosphorous.

For 10 days from July 24th to August 2nd, 1943, British night and American day bombing completely demolished a seven kilometer (4½ mile) wide area and severely damaged a 12 kilometer (7½ mile) wide zone destroying 300,000 dwellings and killing over 100,000 people.

In cellars rescuers found shriveled remains and melted pools of glass, bones and fat. Charred grotesque figures littered the streets.

Unrecognizable bodies were loaded into trucks and driven to Ohlsdorf cemetery in the northern section of the city. Here four mass graves each measuring 130 meters (420 feet) long and 16 meters (50 feet) wide were dug in the sandy soil in the form of a cross by workers assisted by a mechanical excavator. Truck drivers approximated the numbers in their loads before the unidentified bodies were raked into the pits. Each of the four graves held an estimated 10,000 bodies. The bombing of Hamburg was over. (Ref.: MIDDLEBROOK, M., pages 356-366, & plate 40)

[Regarding image file 6A.GIF:]

JULY, '43: Three of the charred corpses that were most likely driven to the Ohlsdorf cemetery for burial. There was no attempt to identify thousands of the blackened shriveled corpses. [Ref.: Middlebrook, M., _Battle of Britain_]

[Regarding image file 6B.GIF:]

The Nikolaifleet waterway in the Altstadt before the 1943 bombing. [Ref.: Middlebrook, M., _Battle of Britain_]

[Regarding image file 7A.GIF:]

TAKEN AFTER JULY, '43: A ½ kilometer (¼ mile) wide section of the seven kilometer (4½ mile) wide area destroyed in the firebombing. Only walls stand in these five story buildings. This oblique photo would not have been as useful to British and American air photo interpreters assessing the damage as the vertical air photo below. [Ref.: Middlebrook, M., _Battle of Britain_]

[Regarding image file 7B.GIF:]

TAKEN SHORTLY AFTER JULY, '43: In this photo of downtown Hamburg between the narrow canals about 1/3 of the buildings were reduced to rubble and 2/3 were completely burned out with only their walls left standing. [Ref.: British Air Ministry, _Evidence in Camera_]

[Regarding image file 8A.GIF:]

TAKEN AFTER 1950: One of the four mass graves in the Ohlsdorf cemetery. The district names which were bombed are on the signs, including Hammersbrook and Hamm directly in front of the brick memorial. The graves were built in the form of a cross so that access could be gained from all sides and the piles of dirt would not interfere with the work. The grave sizes are shown on the right [image file 8B.GIF]. [Ref.: Middlebrook, M., _Battle of Britain_]

CHAPTER 3

THE KATYN FOREST 1940 EXECUTIONS

From 1930 to 1939 the Soviet state police had erected fences and placed signs to prevent local villagers from entering a one square kilometer section of the Katyn forest they considered their private reserve. Located 15 kilometers (9 miles) west of Smolensk, a narrow road led one kilometer (5/8 of a mile) through the forest of 10 to 15 meter (30 to 45 foot) high SPruce and Pine trees to their 'interrogation' castle on the Dniper river. In February 1940 dog patrols started. (Ref.: PAUL, ALLEN, pages 112-120, and ANDERS, W., page 19.)

When ordered in the winter of 1940 to execute thousands of Polish prisoners of war they had large graves dug near the centre of the forest on the side of the narrow winding road. In 1940 from April 3rd to May 11th, 4400 prisoners were moved by train and then by Soviet 'Black Raven' windowless trucks four kilometers to the graves. Many struggled while being bound as evidenced by bayonet wounds, broken arms, legs, and jaws, and sawdust stuffed into mouths. Each received a single shot in the back of the head. (Ref.: LAUCK, JOHN, pages 18-21)

The largest grave was 35 meters (115 feet) long, 8 meters (23 feet) wide, and 3 meters (10 feet) deep, holding 2800 neatly stacked bodies. Added end to end the seven graves measured 96 meters long and 6 meters wide. In May, '43 pine trees were planted in the cleared area. (Ref.: ANDERS, W., pages 191-196)

The German army, which occupied the area from July, '41, did not discover the grave site until February, '43 after they searched with villagers who remembered being near the railway station in 1940 and seeing prisoners being driven towards the forest. From April to August, 1943 the Germans dug up and identified 4,143 bodies while hosting international delegations of forensic experts. In August another 250 bodies were found in an eighth grave but there was no time to exhume them. (Ref.: LAUCK, JOHN, pages 18-26)

In September, '43 the Soviet army reoccupied the area and conducted their own investigation digging up 950 bodies and blaming the Germans. In 1990 the Soviet government admitted responsibility.

[Regarding image file 9.GIF:]

The mass graves are labelled in the middle of Inset A. (From: Lauck, John, _Katyn Killings_.)

[Regarding image file 10A.GIF:]

From an airplane looking southeast across the mass graves and entrance road at the top of the photo. Numerous bodies have been placed next to the graves in order to be identified.

[Regarding image file 10B.GIF:]

Among the observers who viewed one of the rectangular shaped three meter deep mass graves were some Canadian, British and American prisoners of war shown in this photo.

[Regarding image file 11A.GIF:]

The bodies were entangled with each other and it took many workers months to dig them up.

[Regarding image file 11B.GIF:]

A large number of the victims were found with their hands tied behind them.

[Regarding image file 11C.GIF:]

A group of European journalists overlooked the largest mass grave.


Photos on page 10 and 11 [image files 10A.GIF, 10B.GIF, 11A.GIF, 11B.GIF and 11C.GIF] are from: German Government, _Amtliches Material zum Massenmord von Katyn_ [Official Material of the mass murder at Katyn], printed and published by the National Socialist Government in 1943.


[Image file 12A.GIF is an aerial view of the Katyn forest, Dnieper River and Gniezdovo rail station. Photo from GX 1562-SG, exp. 105 & 106. References that start with RG 373 are negative rolls exposed by the Americans, while those which start with GX are the prints exposed by the Germans from 1939 to '45 and now held at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.]

[Regarding image file 13A.GIF:]

SEPT. 2, '42: Gniezdovo Railway station where an average of 125 men per day were transferred to 'Black Raven' windowless trucks in small groups to be driven to the Katyn Forest. [Ref.: GX 1562-SG, exp. 104]

[Regarding image file 15B.GIF:]

The 'interrogation' castle on the Dnieper River used by the Soviet state police. (Ref.: German Government, _Amtliches Material zum Massenmord von Katyn_ [Official Material of the mass murder at Katyn], printed and published by the National Socialist Government in 1943.)

CHAPTER 5.1

1.5 MILLION ALLEGED GASSED AND CREMATED AT LARGEST EXTERMINATION CAMP

THIRTEEN OF THE MOST GENERALLY ACCEPTED ALLEGATIONS:

1. Auschwitz I was set up in 1940. Some of the first victims were Polish officers who were tied up and shot through the back of the head by a German who started the practice of shooting people this way. (Ref.: _Central Commission for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland_, page 80-81).

2. Auschwitz I and Birkenau were each encircled by an outer chain of 50 to 60 watchtowers at a radius of 2 kilometers. The two circles almost touched at one point with only the railroad line in between. (Ref.: MCCLELLAND, ROSWELL, page 1)

3. One kilometer (5/8 of a mile) out from the barbed wire fences around the camps a chain of guard posts were guarded by SS men. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, page 113)

4. At the Birkenau train platform the majority were directed to the gas chambers and the remainder to forced labour. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, page 109)

5. At the two large Birkenau crematoriums victims were marched to the unchanging rooms and herded into gas chambers before prisoners took corpses to the cremation. (Ref.: MCCLELLAND, ROSWELL, page 11)

6. Each of two large Birkenau crematoriums could incinerate 85 bodies per hour or 2,000 per day. (Ref.: MCCLELLAND, ROSWELL, page 11)

7. Each of the two large Birkenau crematoriums worked continuously to burn 175 bodies per hour or 4,200 per day. (Ref.: SEHN, J., page 137)

8. Coal and timber for operating the crematoriums were brought by road. (Ref.: SEHN, J., page 137)

9. The bodies of all the Jews that were being gassed could not be burned, so in May, 1944 six huge pits were dug beside one of the smaller crematoriums and bodies were continuously burned in them from May to September. With prisoners helping, many thousands of bodies were burned in the pits on piles of logs each day. (Ref.: SEHN, J., page 140. CENTRAL COMMISSION FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF GERMAN CRIMES IN POLAND, page 88)

10. From March, '42 to September, '44 about 1,500,000 Jewish people, or about 1,700 per day, were gassed and cremated at Birkenau. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, page 117)

11. The few not sent to the gas chambers went to the disinfection facility, where they received a haircut, a shower, and a change of clothes before being assigned a barrack. In the labour camps the average life expectancy was a few months. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, page 109).

12. In Birkenau the AUSCHWITZ FIGHTING GROUP started in 1943 to monitor activities in the camp and to organize escapes, sabotage, and political action while keeping in touch with other spy groups outside the camp. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, page 115)

13. The Soviet Red Army entered Auschwitz in January, '45 and found the Nazis had destroyed the crematoriums and gas chambers before they left. (Ref.: CENTRAL COMMISSION...POLAND, page 91)

[Regarding image file 23.GIF:]

AUSCHWITZ WORK CAMPS AND I.G. FARBEN INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, JUNE 26, 1944: Vistula River valley. Among the places and things shown are: Auschwitz-Birkenau detention and work camp, Auschwitz I detention and work camp, Vistula River, small farming sections of land, junction of Vistula and Sola Rivers, and I.G. Farben synthetic oil and rubber complex. [Ref.: CENTRAL COMM...POLAND, pages 25 to 28. Also Ref.: RG 373 Can C 1172, exp. 5022]

[Regarding image file 24.GIF:]

Photo 2: MAY 31st, 1944: Birkenau, Auschwitz railway station, railway marshalling yards, Auschwitz I camp, and Sola river. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

CHAPTER 5.2

THE I.G. FARBEN SYNTHETIC OIL AND RUBBER COMPLEX

The I.G. Farben synthetic oil and rubber complex was one of the large construction projects started in 1940 and '41 to produce synthetic oil and rubber from coal together with benzine, liquid chlorine, and metals such as aluminum.

The approximately 100,000 civilians who worked at the plant from 1941 to '44 were engineers, chemists, mechanics, metal workers, construction workers, and labourers. The Auschwitz camp system was established in 1941 to supply labour and about 25,000 inmates worked at the complex. (Ref.: CENTRAL COMMISSION FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF GERMAN CRIMES IN POLAND, page 37)

The first air photos were exposed on April 4th, 1944 and the earliest interpretation report on record is from June 9th, 1944 which describes the equipment most likely contained in each building and the amount of a particular product it could produce. The anticipated production was:

1. 150,000 tons per year of synthetic oil with equipment to increase that to 350,000 tons per year, or 50% of the largest producer at Blechhammer, Germany,

2. 20,000 tons per year of synthetic rubber equal to the largest producer at Huls, and

3. aluminum and liquid chlorine produced at the electrolytic plant, together with benzine.

Photos: power plant [25A.GIF], synthetic rubber section [25B.GIF and 25C.GIF], and synthetic oil area [25D.GIF].

[Regarding image file 26.GIF:]

Location map, I.G. Farben, April 4, '44. Labelled: management and engineering offices, town of Dwory, the gas plant, synthetic oil section, main power house, synthetic rubber section, carbide plant, electrolytic plant, and Monowitz work camp. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5361 exp. 4036, 4039]

MAY, 1943 MAP

May, 1943 map [not included in this excerpt package] accompanied a report dated January 21st, 1944 prepared before air photos were available. Following are a few sentences of a 4 page January 21, '44 report written by American military officers from information which had been supplied by spies in the I.G. Farben industrial plant area sometime after May, '43:

"We do not have air photos of this plant. Ground reports make it possible to say a very large chemical works and a substantial sized synthetic rubber plant has been constructed...If there is a synthetic rubber plant producing at the rate of 20,000 tons per year (some reports indicate output as high as 40,000 tons) the target is well worth attacking.

"After the area has been photographed interpreters will be able to judge whether intelligence reports of large scale buna production are valid. Photography will determine how much each of the buildings are producing ...All that is available at present is a rough plan drawn from memory from intelligence sources which describes the location of several main buildings."

Taken from: _Aiming Point Report_, January 21st, '44.


Evidence shows that before January, '44 the military in England were receiving spy reports from the Auschwitz camp area about industrial operations.


APRIL 9th, 1944 MAP

April 9th, 1944 map [not included in this excerpt package] was drawn using the April 4th, '44 air photos and accompanied a six page comprehensive report dated June 20th.

The report starts:

"This report has been prepared from interpretation of air photographs and a consideration of information from available ground sources...The present equipment points to an output about half that of Blechhammer... Gas capacity is judged by the size of the gas plant, and there are 12 gas purification stalls instead of 26 at Blechhammer...The ultimate capacity is therefore about 350,000 tons per year."

The report stated what equipment each building contained and what function the building served in the production of oil, rubber, or other products.

Taken from: _Interpretation Report No.D.389._, June 9th, 1944.


Evidence shows that before June 9th, 1944 air photo interpreters in Britain had recognized what each building in the industrial area was used for and how much of a product it could produce.


Interpreters used their knowledge of industrial buildings to describe the gas plant [photo not reproduced in this excerpt package]. A few sentences of the detailed description of the gas plant in the June 9th, '44 interpretation report:

"The plant provides gas for the synthetic oil section. One plant is 140 meters long and is fed from a coalpile. Three of the retorts are roofed over and the tar extractors are in position. One chimney is omitting white smoke, showing the retort is in use.

"A square section of the building most likely houses coke crushers and screens.

"The second plant is 150 meters long and is fed by a conveyor from a pile of coal in a bunker beside a rail spur. It's served by a blower house and cooled by a pump house and tower.

"Gas is passed to the raw gas holder, the hydrogen sulphide removal plant, and the compressor plant (before going to the refinery for the production of oil)."

Even future construction plans to expand production could be recognized in air photos [accompanying photos not reproduced in this excerpt package]:

"The boiler house is connected by a bridge to the switching and transformer yard. One of two large cooling towers is complete.

"In the boiler house and generator building the central of 3 chimneys is smoking, and it is clearly intended to build 2 more. An intake to supply coal from a bunker to the boilers is under construction.

"There is a resemblance between the buildings of the acrylonitrile plant and those at Huls and Schkopau.

"The polymerization plant reactor house and stills are in operation.

"The reactor house measures 280 by 75 feet (85 by 23 meters)."

CHAPTER 5.3

AUSCHWITZ I - A CAMP SURROUNDED BY ROADS, TOWNS, AND HOUSES

[Regarding image file 32A.GIF:]

Auschwitz I in relation to surrounding villages, towns, and roads. No gates occur on the roads. Labelled: Auschwitz I camp on the Sola River, and Oswiecim (Polish) or Auschwitz (German). [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5631, exp. 4029]

[Regarding image file 32B.GIF:]

Close up of houses across the river from Auschwitz I at Stare Stawy village which had a good view of the camp. Labelled: road crosses bridge to Auschwitz I camp. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5631, exp. 4029]

[Regarding image file 33A.GIF:]

APRIL 4, '44: Oswiecim in Polish, or Auschwitz in German. Just to the right of the main crossroads in the center of town is a large church that has a 20 meter (65 foot) high spire that casts a long shadow. The 1944 population was 12,000. (Ref.: CENTRAL COMMISSION...POLAND, page 31) [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5631, exp. 4029]

[Regarding image file 33B.GIF:]

Auschwitz I camp map.

Legend:

A camp entrance B alleged gas chamber and crematorium C entrance road turns off Sola River road D fence - 2 rows of a material like wire E guard towers outside of fence F 29 barracks G large building outside camp fence, called administration building H kitchen

AUSCHWITZ I - A GROUP OF CAMPS AND LIGHT INDUSTRY BUILDINGS

[Regarding image file 34A.GIF:]

AUGUST 25, '44: Auschwitz I was the only camp in the area surrounded by a fence, as other housing barracks had no watchtowers or fences. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3183]

[Regarding image file 34B.GIF:]

1944: Inmates sorting clothes at the Kanada area in 1944. [Ref.: Klarsfeld, S. _The Auschwitz Album_.]

[Regarding image file 35A.GIF:]

1943: Workers doing renovations at the kitchen during early 1943. [Ref.: Auschwitz archives, Oswiecim, Poland]

[Regarding image file 35B.GIF:]

1945: Alleged crematorium and gas chamber. [Ref.: Pressac, _Auschwitz... Chambers_, page 144]

[Regarding image file 35C.GIF:]

AUGUST 25, '44: The camp entrance road turned off the Sola River road and passed two meters (6 feet) in front of the alleged former crematorium and gas chamber. There were no gates on the road from the Sola River bridge to the camp entrance. The alleged former gas chamber and crematorium had two visible dots on its roof, no fence, and no coal storage yard. Outside the camp fence were 9 guard towers. The alleged gallows just below the kitchen are not visible in the photo. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3183]

Labelled on map:

1 administration building 2 kitchen 3 sleeping barracks 4 entrance road 5 guard towers outside fence 6 swimming pool inside fence 7 theatre 8 alleged gas chamber & crematorium

ALLEGED AUSCHWITZ I GAS CHAMBER - EYE WITNESS ACCUSATIONS VERSUS WHAT 1944 AIR PHOTOS REVEAL

Allegations of eye witnesses What 1944 air photos reveal


The experimental gas chamber was The building is small, square, flat used until the larger Birkenau ones roofed, has no chimney like the came into use and it then was Birkenau crematoriums and may have converted to a bomb shelter. [Line been used for another purpose. on image file 36.GIF points here.]

Fences and gates prevented access The building is outside the from people outside the camp to the Auschwitz I camp, and the camp building. entrance road has no gate and passes 3 meters (9 feet) in front of the building.

Hundreds a day walked into the room The building was visible and to be gassed. accessible by road to villagers outside camp.

Gas pellets were inserted through Only two dots are visible in 1944 four roof vents which are there photos. The four roof vents must today beside two larger vents. have been added after December 21st, 1944.

Enough coal or wood to burn the The building is not close to a bodies was transported to the yard railroad line, and the very small and piled until being used in the yard has no room for storing coal or crematoriums. wood so the delivery and storage system would have been very inefficient.

Thousands of bodies were burned each No fuel delivery system exists such day in the crematorium ovens. as a coal piling yard beside train tracks and there is no conveyor.

A ten meter high chimney which is In the Dec., '44 photos no chimney there today expelled smoke from the is visible on top of or beside the crematorium. building. If it is there now it must have been constructed after 1945.


[Regarding image file 36.GIF:]

Four summer 1944 air photos reveal the Auschwitz I entrance road passed directly in front of the alleged gas chamber and crematorium which had no chimney, two dots on the roof, no coal storage yard, and therefore does not appear to have been designed as a crematorium. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3183]

CHAPTER 5.4

EVIDENCE SHOWS C.I.A. AUSCHWITZ REPORT BASED ON ALTERED AIR PHOTOS

"Photographic evidence" of Holocaust alleged in American C.I.A. Report

In 1979 the American Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.) released _The Holocaust Revisited_, a report based on the study of newly discovered 1944 aerial photos of the Auschwitz camps. Pictures in the 19 page booklet were widely publicized as photographic evidence of the 'holocaust'.

The two C.I.A. workers had used magnifying and stereo viewing equipment to study air photos from five different dates in 1944, and they concluded the August 25th photos showed clear evidence of "THE EXTERMINATION OPERATIONS IN PROGRESS" at Birkenau. Photos were shown of what they interpreted as prisoners being marched to a gas chamber, homicidal gas chambers, special security arrangements around the crematoriums, cremation pits, and vents used to insert Zyklon B crystals in subsurface gas chambers.

In 1979 the air photo negatives were released from the C.I.A. to the National Archives in Washington, D.C. for public viewing.

The problem is to discover whether the images on the air photos can be explained as something on the ground, or whether there is proof that at least some of them were marked on the 1944 air photo negatives.

Evidence will be presented to show that every mark which the authors of the C.I.A. report used to conclude that homicidal gas chambers were in operation on the August 25th photos had been added to the photos after they were exposed in 1944.

[Image file 37.GIF is a facsimile of the cover of said 1979 C.I.A. report.]

[Regarding image file 40.GIF:]

Marks on August 25th, 1944 photos said to be evidence of "homicidal gassings" are black in contrast to the grey shades in the following September photo [image file 41.GIF]. Labelled on this photo are various descriptions of marks as found in the C.I.A. Report: "special security arrangements with open gate", "special security arrangements", "four vents used to insert Zyklon B crystals into the subsurface gas chamber", "prisoners being marched towards open gate at gas chamber and crematorium II" (referred to in this report as crematorium 1), "groups of prisoners standing formation", "prisoners undergoing disinfection", and "prisoners marching through yard". [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 41.GIF:]

SEPTEMBER 13, '44: The marks on the August 25 photo are suspicious because:

1. they are solid black whereas other buildings and marks are grey and black,

2. in the September 13th photo the scale is too small to allow people to be seen, even standing in large groups, and the August photo is the same scale as September, and

3. a large group of people standing close together would almost certainly look grey and black rather than solid black.

[Image file 41.GIF shows approximately the top third of the photo as shown in the book, in order to give a better view of that portion of the photo. Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

Now: In order to CONCLUSIVELY prove the marks were ADDED to the photographs after 1944, we need to locate marks that are NOT natural features and could only have been drawn on. Three such marks are as follows.

PROOF NUMBER 1:

"PRISONER GROUPS STANDING FORMATION" APPEAR TO BE MARKS DRAWN ON THE GROUND AND BUILDING ROOF

[Regarding image to the left in image file 42BC.GIF:]

AUG. 25, '44: Nine marks next to a building that are solid black and have no grey tones or shadows. Two of the marks occur on the ground and ALSO OVERLAP onto the building roof and almost certainly have been DRAWN on the photo as groups of people would NOT overlap onto the roof. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image to the right in image file 42BC.GIF:]

SEPT. 13, '44: The size of the building is evident in this September photo. [Scale in book: 1 centimeter = 12 meters) [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

PROOF NUMBER 2:

"PRISONERS MARCHING" IS A ZIG ZAG LINE THAT LOOKS LIKE A SEWING STITCH

[Regarding image file 43A.GIF:]

AUG. 25, '44: The vertical zig zag line on the road in the center of the photo has been very carefully drawn on two consecutive photos in a lightly different location to make it appear as if a group of people were moving along a main road in the camp. The consecutive photos below, numbers 3185 and 3186, were exposed 3.5 seconds apart. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3186]

[Regarding image file 43B.GIF:]

AUGUST 25, '44 - EXPOSURE 3185: The time between exposure 3185 and 3186 was 3.5 seconds. From one exposure to the next the line has moved 12 METERS (36 FEET). The supposed group would have moved 3.4 METERS (10½ FEET) per second. A fast walk is 1.5 meters (4.5 feet) per second so the group would have had to be RUNNING in SYNCHRONIZED FORMATION, which is highly unlikely. [Scale in book: 1 centimeter = 20 meters, or 1 inch = 160 feet.] [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 43C.GIF:]

AUGUST 25, '44 - EXPOSURE 3186: An enlargement of [image file 43A.GIF]. The person who held the marking instrument that produced this line moved it BACK AND FORTH so the resulting line looks like a SEWING STITCH. There is no natural feature on the ground that could produce this line. It is UNQUESTIONABLE PROOF the photos were marked. [Scale in book: 1 centimeter = 20 meters, or 1 inch = 160 feet.] [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3186]

PROOF NUMBER 3:

AUSCHWITZ I PHOTOS ALSO MARKED WITH ZIG ZAG LINE THAT LOOKS LIKE A SEWING STITCH

[Regarding image file 44B.GIF:]

AUG. 25, '44: This Auschwitz I photo has the SAME type of SEWING STITCH mark as photo exposure 3186, indicating it was probably the same individual who marked both photos.

Black marks occur in two other areas on the photo that are too solid in tone to be vehicles or people and do NOT have shadows.

[Image file 44B.GIF shows] the mark described in the C.I.A. report as "A LINE OF PRISONERS FOR REGISTRATION." There is NO natural explanation for this mark other than it was drawn on after the photo was exposed. [Scale in book: 1 Cm = 16 Meters, 1 Inch = 110 Feet.] [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3183]

EVIDENCE THAT MARKS WERE ADDED TO CREMATORIUM 1 (LEFT) AND 2 (RIGHT):

[Regarding image file 45A.GIF:]

The four heavy marks on the building extension appear to have been drawn on as: (1) they are NOT shadows for they go in a DIFFERENT DIRECTION than the chimney shadow, (see bottom of page 57), (2) in stereo viewing they have no height, (3) 1943 ground photos do not show them.

The thick line that looks like a wide fence was drawn on because: (1) it casts NO shadows, (2) a wire fence would have produced a NARROW line, and (3) the May and June photos do NOT show a fence.

A single wide line to look like an open gate has been drawn on the photo because: (1) ground pictures of the wire and steel gates in front of the crematoriums, such as the one on the right [image file 45C.GIF], show TWO SEPARATE gates instead of one, and (2) the wire and steel gate would have produced a thin narrow line rather than a thick one in air photos. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 45B.GIF:]

The four heavy black marks on the extension were also drawn on because (1) they are NOT shadows as they go in a DIFFERENT DIRECTION than other shadows, (2) using stereo magnifying equipment they have no measurable height, and (3) '43 ground photos do not show them. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 45C.GIF:]

AFTER 1945 (DATE UNKNOWN): Two brick columns with narrow steel and wire gates in front of crematorium 2. (Ref.: Pressac, J.C. Page 366).

COMPILING ALL THE EVIDENCE TOGETHER ALLOWS US TO CONCLUDE THAT 66 MARKS WERE ADDED TO THE AUGUST 25th '44 BIRKENAU AIR PHOTOS.

[Regarding image file 46.GIF:]

Features labelled on this picture: marks looking like fences around crematoriums 1 and 2, four marks drawn on building extensions to crematorium 1 and 2 said to be "FOUR VENTS USED TO INSERT ZYKLON B CRYSTALS INTO SUBSURFACE GAS CHAMBERS", marks drawn as "PITS" in the yards, marks drawn as "LINES OF PRISONERS", marks drawn to be "PRISONER GROUPS IN FORMATION", and marks drawn to be "PRISONERS MARCHING". (Other marks against buildings and throughout the camp on this exposure and on two other exposures of Birkenau were also drawn on the photos.) [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

TOTAL MARKS ADDED TO PHOTO NUMBERS:

added to exposure 3184 = 8 marks added to 3185 (this photo) = 40 marks added to exposure 3186 = 18 marks Total added to 3 exposures = 66 marks

CONCLUSIONS FOR CHAPTER 5.4:

FROM FIVE EXPOSURE NUMBERS 3182 TO 3186, (RECORD GROUP 373, CAN 5367):

1. There is overwhelming evidence ONE MARK was put on EACH OF THREE EXPOSURES - numbers 3183 of AUSCHWITZ I, 3185 of BIRKENAU, and 3186 of BIRKENAU.

2. THERE IS ENOUGH EVIDENCE TO CONCLUDE:

(a) 66 MARKS were added to exposures 3184, 3185 and 3186 of BIRKENAU, (b) 10 MARKS were added to exposures 3182 and 3183 of AUSCHWITZ I, and therefore (c) a total of 76 MARKS were added to the five air photo negatives after 1944.

3. INCLUDED ARE *ALL* OF THE MARKS SHOWN AND DESCRIBED AS *"THE EXTERMINATION OPERATIONS IN PROGRESS"* IN THE 1979 *CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY* REPORT _THE HOLOCAUST REVISITED_.

4. EVIDENCE REVEALS THE FOLLOWING ABOUT HOW THE PHOTOS WERE MARKED:

(a) The marks were most likely drawn on paper enlargements of the original negatives using magnifying equipment and fine tipped markers, and these paper prints were photographed and the negatives were REINSERTED in the original air photo negative rolls,

(b) On consecutive photos marks were drawn almost exactly alike but in slightly different locations to make it appear as if groups of people were moving and this would only have been done by experienced air photo viewers,

(c) In 1979 the CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY gave COPIES of the negative rolls instead of the originals to the NATIONAL ARCHIVES for public viewing, and

I WAS TOLD BY GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES IN WASHINGTON, D.C. THAT THE *ONLY* PEOPLE WHO HAD ACCESS TO THE AIR PHOTOS BEFORE THEY WERE RELEASED TO THE PUBLIC IN 1979 WERE EMPLOYEES OF THE *CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY*.

As shown on page 48 [image files 48A.GIF, 48B.GIF, and 48C.GIF] the May and September Birkenau photos have also been marked:

May 31st: Dots have been drawn on the building extensions and short fence marks have been drawn around crematorium 1, but nothing has been drawn around crematorium 2,

Sept. 13th: Surrounding fence marks have been added but there are no dots on crematorium 1,

THEREFORE IN 1944:

THE FENCES LOOKED SIMILAR TO THE WAY THEY APPEAR IN THE MAY 31st PHOTOS, AND THE BUILDING EXTENSIONS LOOKED SIMILAR TO THE WAY THEY APPEAR IN THE SEPT. 13TH PHOTOS.

CHAPTER 5.4 ADDITION: EVIDENCE THE MAY AND SEPTEMBER PHOTOS HAVE ALSO BEEN ALTERED:

[Regarding image file 48A.GIF:]

MAY 31, '44: What looks like shrubs growing on fence has not been drawn on. The 5 touching dots were drawn on. No fence marks have been drawn. Building extension dots have been drawn on as in Aug. photos. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

[Regarding image file 48B.GIF:]

AUG. 25, '44: The fence has been drawn completely around. The 5 dots from the May photo have now become 4 marks. The surrounding fence has been drawn on. Same dot pattern was drawn on as on May 31st. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 48C.GIF:]

SEPT. 13, '44: The fence looks the same as Aug. 25th. No marks are visible on the building extension. The fence mark and the 5 staggered dots are exactly the same as in the Aug. photo, as if a stencil had been used to draw them. [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

Then: MAY PHOTOS - no fence but DOTS on alleged gas chambers have been drawn on. SEPT. PHOTOS - no dots but surrounding FENCE LIKE LINES have been drawn on.

CHAPTER 5.8

TWO CREMATORIUMS AT BIRKENAU — EYE WITNESS ACCUSATIONS

ALLEGATIONS OF EYE WITNESSES:

(a) The crematoria end of the camp was surrounded by a special security system.

(b) The crematoria were surrounded by high fences.

(c) Thousands a day walked into underground rooms to be executed.

(d) Gas pellets were inserted through four roof vents to kill the people.

(e) Enough coal or wood to burn the bodies was transported to the yard and piled.

(f) Thousands of bodies were burned each day in the crematoria ovens.

(g) Black smoke rose out of the crematoria chimneys.

(h) In the summer of 1944 bodies were constantly burned in large pits behind some of the crematoriums.

AFTER VIEWING AIR PHOTOS ON THE NEXT 3 PAGES THESE ACCUSATIONS WILL BE ANSWERED.

1944: Looking north from the road towards crematorium 2. Ref.: Klarsfeld, S., _Auschwitz Album_. [Photo not reproduced in this excerpt package.]

1944: Looking west from the train loading ramp towards the high chimney and wire fence of crematorium 1 in the background. Ref.: Klarsfeld, S., _Auschwitz Album_. [Photo not reproduced in this excerpt package.]

FIVE DATES IN 1944 REVEALS NO SMOKE FROM CREMATORIUM CHIMNEYS, OR PITS ON THE GROUND, AND NO COAL OR WOOD PILES OR DELIVERY SYSTEM

DEC. 27, '43: Haze covers the photo making it impossible to determine if smoke is rising from the chimneys or the yards. [Photo not reproduced in this excerpt package.] [Ref.: GX 225 SK, exp. 138]

[Regarding image file 64B.GIF:]

MAY 31, '44: No fences. No smoke. No piles of coal or wood. No smoke from alleged burning pits. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

[Regarding image file 64C.GIF:]

JUNE 26, '44: No smoke. No piles of coal or wood. No smoke from alleged burning pits. [Ref.: RG 373 Can C 1172, exp. 5022]

[Regarding image file 65A.GIF:]

AUG. 25, '44: No smoke. No burning pits. No delivery system for coal or wood. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

[Regarding image file 65B.GIF:]

SEPT. 13, '44: There are no dots to the left of crematorium 1. No smoke. [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

[Regarding image file 65C.GIF:]

SEPT. 13, '44: As in photo 7, there are no dots to the left of crematorium 1, and this exposure was taken by a different plane. [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 3VI]

WERE TWO CREMATORIUMS DESTROYED BEFORE OR AFTER RUSSIANS ENTERED CAMP?

DISMANTLING THE TWO CREMATORIUMS. THE FACTS ARE:

(a) The Dec. 21st, 1944 and Jan. 16th, '45 photos show no change in dismantling of crematorium 1 and 2,

(b) The German camp guards left Auschwitz in January, '45,

(c) The Soviet Red Army entered the camp on January 27th 1945, and

(d) The February 19th air photos show both buildings flattened as if by explosions.

[Regarding image file 66A.GIF:]

DEC. 21, '44: Both crematoriums have been partly dismantled. The roofs appear to have been removed. The chimneys have been removed. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

[Regarding image file 66B.GIF:]

FEBRUARY 19, '45: Both of the buildings appear to be flattened as if by explosions. [Ref.: RG 373 Can F 5367, exp. 3185]

THOUSANDS CREMATED A DAY AT BIRKENAU - ACCUSATIONS VERSUS PHOTO EVIDENCE

ALLEGATIONS OF EYE WITNESSES: WHAT 1944 AIR PHOTOS ACTUALLY REVEAL:


The crematoriums were in a corner There was a ditch but no fence around of the camp surrounded by a this end of the camp so people on the special security system. roads or farms outside could see the yards and crematorium buildings.

The two crematoriums were Fences appear to have been drawn on surrounded by fences. the Aug. & Sept., '44 photos. May, '44 photos show a low fence or hedge around only ½ of the yard.

Thousands a day walked into These sights would have been visible underground rooms to be executed. to people outside and inside the camp.

Gas pellets were inserted through Roof vent marks appear to have been four roof vents to kill the drawn on May, June, and August photos, people. so they were not there originally.

Enough coal or wood to burn the No piles of coal or wood are visible bodies was piled in the yards. on any of the four air photos taken during 1944.

Thousands of bodies were burned No fuel delivery system exists such each day in the crematoria ovens. as a coal piling yard beside the train tracks or the crematoriums, and no conveyor system exists.

Black smoke rose out of the No black or white smoke is seen on crematoria chimneys. the air photos from four different dates in 1944.

In the summer of 1944 bodies were There is no smoke rising from the constantly burned in pits behind crematorium yards in the 1944 photos. some of the crematoria. One pit occurs behind each crematorium, perhaps dug to bury coal ashes.


FOUR SUMMER 1944 AIR PHOTOS REVEAL THE TWO BIRKENAU CREMATORIUMS WERE VISIBLE FROM OUTSIDE THE CAMP, GAVE OFF NO SMOKE FROM THE CHIMNEYS OR THE YARDS, AND HAD NO COAL STORAGE OR DELIVERY SYSTEM SO WERE DESIGNED TO EACH BURN A SMALL NUMBER OF CORPSES PER DAY.

COMPARING THE KATYN MURDER SITE TO THE ALLEGED BIRKENAU MURDER SITE

KATYN: BIRKENAU:


4,400 shot and buried in 5 weeks Alleged 1,500,000 gassed and burned from April 3 to May 11, 1940 = 120 in 2½ years from 1942 to '44 = per day. 1,600 per day.

In the centre of a one square Alleged in 2 large buildings at kilometer (0.6 of a mile square) corner of a work camp with a wide forest beside a narrow road. road and surrounded by active farms.

No witnesses as conducted in Many witnesses as no fence around at forest with one access road and least ½ of crematoriums gave no farms or houses. farmers and spies and excellent view.

1942 photos show a 350 meter (1140 1944 photos show no smoke coming from ft.) narrow winding road through chimneys or alleged burning pits. the forest.

No local villagers or spies Americans received spy reports from witnessed the killings so the the Auschwitz area after May '43 so Germans had no reason to look for they had important reasons to study the gravesite on existing air the May, '44 Birkenau air photos and photos or to take new photos. to take new photos.

Bombing was not an option. Crematoriums could have been bombed.


CHAPTER 5.9

ALLEGED GAS CHAMBERS AT BIRKENAU VISIBLE FROM OUTSIDE

[Regarding image file 69A.GIF:]

MAY 31, '44: Anyone attending the disinfection facilities would have had a clear unobstructed view of these buildings. The chimneys [labelled] were small and round unlike the large square crematorium 1 and 2 chimneys. There was NO railway spur for fuel delivery. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

[Regarding image file 69B.GIF:]

SEPTEMBER 13, '44: A new building [labelled] has been constructed. The black line [labelled] is very thick for a fence yet has NO shadow. There is NO indication of shrubs or a hedge as in the May photos. No evidence of the claimed burning pits. [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

THREE DATES SHOW NO SMOKE BUT APPEARANCE OF A BLACK LINE

[Regarding image file 69A.GIF:]

MAY 31, '44: No visible fence or shrubbery around the buildings. No smoke from the claimed burning pits. [Ref.: RG 373 Can D 1508, exp. 3055]

[Regarding image file 70B.GIF:]

JUNE 26, '44: No visible fence or shrubbery around the buildings. No smoke from the claimed burning pits. [Ref.: RG 373 Can C 1172, exp. 5022]

[Regarding image file 69B.GIF:]

SEPT. 13, '44: A black line surrounds one building and another black line half surrounds the other building. [Ref.: RG 373 Can B 8413, exp. 6V2]

TWO BUILDINGS BESIDE DISINFECTION FACILITIES ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN GAS CHAMBERS

EYE WITNESS ALLEGATIONS: WHAT 1944 AIR PHOTOS ACTUALLY REVEAL:


The two buildings next to the The buildings were differently shaped disinfection facilities were gas and had much smaller chimneys than chambers and crematoriums just the 2 large crematoriums, and may like crematoriums 1 and 2. have had another purpose.

The buildings were surrounded by May and June, '44 photos show no fences to prevent witnesses from fence, but on the September photo a seeing gassing executions. thick black line appears.

Thousands a day walked into rooms No fuel delivery system exists such to be executed by gas. as train tracks, a coal piling yard, and a conveyor system.

Coal and wood to burn the bodies No piles of coal or wood are visible were stored in the yard. on the 1944 air photos.

Smoke rose out of the crematorium No black or white smoke is seen on chimneys. any of the three air photo dates in 1944.

Bodies were constantly burned in No visible smoke was seen in any pit at least one pit behind at least behind any building on the air photos one of the crematorium buildings from May, June, August, and during the spring and summer of September, 1944. 1944.


SUMMER 1944 AIR PHOTOS OF THE BUILDINGS NEXT TO THE DISINFECTION FACILITIES REVEAL THEY WERE VISIBLE FROM OUTSIDE THE CAMP, HAD NO SMOKE RISING FROM THE CHIMNEYS OR THE GROUND, AND WERE DESIGNED DIFFERENTLY THAN CREMATORIUMS 1 AND 2 AND THEREFORE MAY HAVE SERVED ANOTHER PURPOSE.

CHAPTER 10

BABI YAR MASS EXECUTIONS - 1943

ALLEGATIONS ARE THAT 33,771 CORPSES WERE BURNED IN BABI YAR RAVINE

In 1941 the babi Yar ravines were a series of dried up stream drainage channels that once drained into the Dnieper River in northwest Kiev in the Ukraine region of the Soviet Union. The upper channels had flat bottoms.

It is alleged that in 1941 on September 28th and 29th, 33,771 Jewish people from Kiev reported as ordered to the end of Melnik Street where the Jewish cemetery meets Babi Yar ravine. There they were marched in small groups to the edge of the ravine and machine gunned by Waffen-SS soldiers.

In 1943 from August 18th to September 19th, 327 workers lived in the ravine while digging up the 33,000 corpses and burning them on railroad ties doused with gasoline.

During the 1970's fill was plowed into the ravine and today there are no photos or other evidence of the crimes other than eye-witness accounts. (Ref.: _Encyclopedia of the Holocaust_, pages 113-115.)

[Regarding image file 106.GIF:]

The Kiev archives released this hazy picture in 1990 as the best known photo of the Babi Yar dried up stream channel. The victims allegedly fell in the ravine and were buried after being shot, and then two years later were dug up and burned. It is not known if any roads went down the steep walls to the flat bottom. (Ref.: Wolski, M., _Fact Sheet on the 50th Anniversary of the Babi Yar Massacre, October, 1991_)

[Regarding image file 107.GIF:]

SEPTEMBER 26th, 1943: This photo was taken one week after the end of the supposed mass cremations in the ravine. If 33,000 people were exhumed and burned, evidence of vehicle and foot traffic to supply fuel should be evident in the area where the Jewish cemetery meets Babi Yar ravine, however there is no evidence of traffic either on the end of the narrow road that proceeds to the ravine from the end of Melnik Street, or on the grass and shrubbery within or on the sides of the cemetery. [Labelled: Location of alleged shootings and cremations at edge of Jewish cemetery at Babi Yar ravine, Babi Yar ravine, orthodox cemetery, Jewish cemetery, and Melnik Street.] [Ref.: GX 3938 SG, exp. 104 & 105]

[Regarding image file 108.GIF:]

SEPTEMBER 26th, 1943: An enlargement reveals no evidence that 325 people were working in the ravine finishing the cremation of 33,000 bodies just one week earlier, for many truckloads of fuel would have had to be brought in, and there are no scars from vehicle traffic either on the grass and shrubs at the side of the Jewish cemetery or in the ravine where the bodies were supposedly burned. [Ref.: GX 3938 SG, exp. 105]

1943 AIR PHOTOS OF BABI YAR RAVINE AND THE ADJOINING JEWISH CEMETERY IN KIEV REVEAL THAT NEITHER THE SOIL NOR THE VEGETATION IS DISTURBED AS WOULD BE EXPECTED IF MATERIALS AND FUEL HAD BEEN TRANSPORTED ONE WEEK EARLIER TO HUNDREDS OF WORKERS WHO HAD DUG UP AND BURNED TENS OF THOUSANDS OF BODIES IN ONE MONTH.

CHAPTER 11 - CONCLUSIONS

(1) THE HAMBURG HOLOCAUST

SUMMARIES:

1. For 10 days from July 24th to August 2nd, 1943, bombing destroyed large areas of Hamburg and killed about 100,000 people.

2. Buildings in many areas were completely burned out with only the walls left standing.

3. 40,000 bodies were buried in four graves each measuring 130 meters x 16 meters (400 feet x 50 feet) which can be viewed in the cemetery today.

CONCLUSIONS:

After the firestorm rubble filled building foundations and scars from burning were visible in air photos.

The mass burial trenches for 40,000 victims, if placed end to end, would have measured 520 meters long and 16 meters wide with large piles of dirt 10 meters wide on both sides of the graves.

(2) THE BERGEN BELSEN TYPHUS EPIDEMIC

SUMMARIES:

1. When the British entered the camp on April 15th, '45 thousands of dead and dying typhus victims lay in the yards and barracks.

2. At least five mass graves each from 15 to 20 meters (45 to 60 feet) long and holding thousands of bodies were dug in one area.

3. The British burned 80% of the wooden barracks in the camp in May, 1945 and building foundation scars are visible in the August, 1945 air photos.

CONCLUSIONS:

During April, 1944, when vehicles and workers were digging the mass graves and pushing earth fill on top of them they left mounds of earth and vehicle tracks that are visible in the August air photos four months later.

The building foundations of the burned camp are also visible in the August photos.

(3) THE KATYN FOREST

SUMMARIES:

1. In September, '42 the narrow winding road passed by the cleared gravesite, and the forest boundaries remained the same as 1940.

2. Placed end to end the mass graves measured 96 by 6 meters (320 by 20 feet) and held 4100 bodies.

3. Before August, 1943 the Germans had reburied the 4100 in 7 mass graves.

CONCLUSIONS:

To ensure that no one would witness the 1940 execution of 4,400 prisoners, the Soviet police moved the men by windowless trucks to the centre of a fenced in one square kilometer (5/8 of a mile square) forest and executed them. The mass graves, if joined end to end, would have measured 96 by 6 meters (320 by 20 feet).

(4) THE AUSCHWITZ FARMLAND

SUMMARIES:

1. For at least 3 kilometers (1¼ mile) outside the camp fences and adjacent guardtowers, there were no visible gates, gatehouses, or watchtowers.

2. Crematorium 1 and 2 at Birkenau were visible to spies from outside the camp.

3. Four 1944 air photo dates reveal no smoke from burning pits or chimneys, no coal piles, and no fuel delivery system.

4. The two buildings beside the disinfection facility were visible outside the camp and were of a different design.

CONCLUSIONS:

If mass executions were occurring at the Birkenau crematoriums spies would have reported them, air photo interpreters would have detected them, and the Birkenau crematoriums would have been bombed. Instead we see two crematoriums visible from outside the camp designed to burn only a limited number of corpses per day with no smoke rising from chimneys or pits and no coal piles or fuel delivery systems.

(5) THE TREBLINKA FARM

SUMMARIES:

1. From 1940 to '44 the alleged camp was surrounded by farms, roads, and thousands of villagers who would have witnessed exterminations.

2. To bury the alleged 800,000 would have used an area 550 by 550 meters (1785 by 1785 feet), or an area 40 times larger than the described 90 by 70 meters (300 by 225 feet) gravesite area.

3. The '44 photos show no evidence of previous fences, railways, or more than five buildings.

CONCLUSIONS:

In May, 1944 the alleged Treblinka camp consisted of 5 buildings on open farmland surrounded by roads and villages in which nothing unnatural could have occurred without thousands of people including spies knowing about it. There is no soil disturbance from previous camp structures. Only 1/40th of the alleged amount of bodies could have been buried in the 90 by 70 meter mass graves area. The air photos reveal the alleged Treblinka murder camp did not exist.

(6) THE BELZEC LOGGING CAMP

SUMMARIES:

  1. From 1940 to '44 people in the valley had an unobstructed view of the hillside logging camp and would have witnessed any mass murders.
  2. To bury the alleged 600,000 would have used an area 460 by 460 meters (1500 by 1500 feet) or 33 times larger than the 120 by 55 meters (390 by 180 feet) described mass grave area.
  3. In 1944 two buildings were on the cleared area.

CONCLUSIONS:

The alleged Belzec camp was located on a hillside leading up to a ridge which had a thick stand of trees that were cut and removed between 1940 and May, '44 after which two buildings remained in one corner of the clearing. In the 1944 air photos there is no evidence of previous building foundations or mass cremations, and they therefore reveal the alleged Belzec murder camp did not exist.

(7) THE SOBIBOR LOGGING CAMP

SUMMARIES:

  1. From 1940 to '44 the Sobibor train station area held a sawmill, tarworks, church, and other buildings.
  2. An area alleged to have been the mass grave site is the small northern extension cleared of trees between 1940 and '44.
  3. There is no evidence of ground disturbance caused by buildings, burials, a narrow gauge railway, or cremations on any of the cleared areas between '40 and '44.

CONCLUSIONS:

The alleged Sobibor murder camp was a railway station and sawmill where a small northern extension was cleared of trees between 1940 and '44; there is no evidence in the '44 photos of soil disturbance from building foundations, a 'small gauge' railroad line, fences, or mass cremations. The alleged Sobibor murder camp did not exist.

(8) THE MAJDANEK CAMP

SUMMARIES:

  1. Majdanek detention camp was surrounded by main roads, churches, and hundreds of houses in the Lublin suburbs.
  2. The alleged gas chamber was outside the camp fence and 200 meters (660 feet) across farmland from a main highway.
  3. The alleged crematorium was outside the camp fence 300 meters (1,000 feet) across farmland from hundreds of houses, and may have been a garbage incinerator or small crematorium.

CONCLUSIONS:

Any unnatural sights or sounds which occurred outside the Majdanek camp fence at the alleged gas chamber or crematorium would have been detected by the thousands of townspeople and spies who lived around the camp in the Lublin suburbs. Visible mass executions and cremations almost certainly did not occur at Majdanek.

FINAL CONCLUSIONS

KATYN:

No one witnessed the forest murders. The graves held 4,100 and measured 96 x 6 meters (310 x 20 ft.)

HAMBURG:

The mass graves for 40,000 bombing victims measured 520 x 16 meters (1685 x 52 feet).

AUSCHWITZ - BIRKENAU:

There were NO coal storage yards, fences, smoke from chimneys or pits, or other evidence of mass murder in the visible crematoriums after May, '44. If cremations were occurring spies would have SEEN them, air photo interpreters would have VERIFIED them, and planes would have BOMBED them.

TREBLINKA:

There is NO evidence any more than 5 buildings surrounded by farms and villages occurred at the alleged camp site. To bury 800,000 would have taken an area 40 TIMES larger than the alleged grave site.

BELZEC:

There is NO evidence of the alleged camp but rather a visible hillside which was logged from 1940 to '44. To bury 600,000 would have taken an area 33 TIMES larger than the alleged grave site.

MAJDANEK:

The alleged gas chambers and crematoriums were VISIBLE from hundreds of homes in the Lublin suburbs.

SOBIBOR:

In 1944 there was NO disturbance of soil from the alleged railway, buildings, or mass cremations at the alleged camp.

TO CONCLUDE, THERE IS *NO* AIR PHOTO EVIDENCE THAT MASS MURDERS AND CREMATIONS OCCURRED AT OR NEAR THE BIRKENAU CREMATORIUMS, WHICH WERE VISIBLE FROM BOTH INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE CAMP, OR THE AUSCHWITZ I OR MAJDANEK DETENTION CAMPS. THERE IS ALSO *NO* AIR PHOTO EVIDENCE THAT MASS MURDERS, BURIALS, OR CREMATIONS OCCURRED AT THE ALLEGED TREBLINKA CAMP, WHICH DOES NOT APPEAR TO HAVE HAD ANY MORE THAN FIVE BUILDINGS, OR AT THE SOBIBOR OR BELZEC LOGGING CAMPS. THERE IS ALSO *NO* EVIDENCE OF MASS CREMATIONS AT THE BABI YAR RAVINE.

REFERENCES LISTED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER:

Aiming Point Report IV.D.4. _I.G. Farben, Oswiecim, Silesia (Synthetic Rubber)_. January 21st, 1944. RG 243, Sec 4-1g, (141, 142, 163) NND 760124, National Archives, Washington, D.C., January 21st, 1944.

Anders, General Wladyslaw, _The Crimes of Katyn, Facts and Documents_. Polish Cultural Foundation, London, England, 1965.

Arad, Yitzhak. _Belzek, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps_. Indiana, University Press. 1987.

Bloch, Samuel. _Holocaust and Rebirth: Surviving Bergen Belsen_. Holocaust Library, N.Y. 1972.

British Air Ministry, _Evidence in Camera, Photographic Reconnaissance and Intelligence, 1939 to 1945_. London, England. March, 1945.

Caiden, Martin, _The Night Hamburg Died_. Ballantine Books, N.Y., U.S.A.

Central Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in Poland, _German Crimes in Poland_. 1946, Tloczzono W. Drukarni SW, Warsasw, Poland. 1946.

Central Intelligence Agency, _The Holocaust Revisited: A Retrospective Analysis of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Extermination Complex_. Washington, D.C. Authors: Brugioni, D. and Poirier, Robert, 1979.

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