The Holocaust Historiography Project

Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression

Supplement B

Office of the United States Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality

United States Government Printing Office
Washington

For sale by the
Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C.

A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of

The United States of America, the French Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

—against—

Hermann Wilhelm Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Artur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constantin von Neurath, and Hans Fritzsche, Individually and as Members of Any of the Following Group or Organizations to Which They Respectively Belonged, Namely: Die Reichsregierung (Reich Cabinet); Das Korps Der Politischen Leiter Der Nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party); Die Schutzstaffeln Der Nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (commonly known as the "SS") and including Die Sicherheitsdienst (commonly known as the "SD"); Die Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police, commonly known as the "Gestapo"); Die Sturmabteilungen Der N.S.D.A.P. (commonly known as the "SA") and the General Staff and High Command of the German Armed Forces are as defined in Appendix B of the Indictment,

Defendants.

Preface

This Supplement B brings to completion the series of volumes on "Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression" in which the principal documents and other papers pertaining to the prosecution at Nurnberg of the major German war criminals have been made generally available to the American public.

Space limitations, made necessary by the limited funds available, have made impossible the full publication of all defense documents. The final arguments of defense counsel and defendants' final pleas summarize in considerable detail not only the defense contentions, but also the defense evidence. Both the arguments, as delivered before the Tribunal, and the pleas are contained in Part I of this volume, and they should furnish an adequate basis on which to evaluate prosecution documents and the final judgment of the Tribunal itself. Part I also includes a few defense documents which appear to have unique historical interest. The text of all defense documents, including those referred to in the final arguments of defense counsel, may of course be obtained from the official transcript of the Tribunal published by the Secretariat of the International Military Tribunal. The title of this publication is "Trial of the Major War Criminals, Nuremberg." The text of most of the prosecution documents referred to in the closing arguments will be found in prior volumes of this series.

Part II of this volume contains excerpts from interrogations conducted by the prosecution of most of the defendants and of many other witnesses. Space limitations have again made full publication impossible except in a few cases, since several hundred witnesses were interrogated in the course of almost a thousand separate interrogations, and the transcript total exceeds 17,000 typewritten pages. The passage here included have therefore been chosen as those which appear to be the most significant from the standpoint of their general historical interest, their bearing on the issues raised in the case, and in some instances, the light which they shed on te character or personality of certain defendants.

Practically all the interrogations were conducted by examiners on the American prosecution staff, headed by Col. John Harlan Amen. Almost all the interrogations of defendants were taken before trial. In the majority of cases defendants were not interrogated after they were served with the indictment on 18 October 1945. Interrogations of non-defendant witnesses, however, were taken at various times both before and during trial.

Although the testimony of most of the witnesses was given under oath, that of Goering and a few others was not. The reader may wish, in any event, to bear in mind that because of the cirmumstances, statements of many of the witnesses were obviously made with a view to self-vindication, and that veracity is more generally to be expected with regard to matters not touching the personal responsibility of the particular witness.

Grateful acknowledgment must be made of the assistances furnished in the selection and editing of these interrogations by former members of the American Prosecution and Tribunal staffs — Messrs. Ralph G. Albrecht, Lawrence A Coleman, Adrian Fisher, Sam Harris, Seymour Krieger, Harold Leventhal, James Rowe, Melvin H. Siegel and Roy Steyer.

The funds which made possible the publication of this volume, as in the case of its predecessors, were made available by the Departments of the State and of the Army.

28 May 1948

Charles A Horsky
William E. Jackson
Alma Fe Soller
Editors

Approved:

Robert H. Jackson
U.S. Chief of Counsel

CONTENTS
  PART I — The Defense Case  
    Page
Preface   iv
Chapter    
I. Defense motion challenging jurisdiction of Tribunal 1
     

vii


Chapter   Page
     
     
     
XXI. Albert Speer  
  Final Argument by Dr. Hans Flaechsner, Defense Counsel 895
  Final Plea by Albert Speer 934
  Documents 937
     
  PART II — Pre-trial interrogations  
XVII. Max Amann  
  Nazi acquisition and suppression of the German press 1521