The Holocaust Historiography Project

Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression

Supplement A

Office of the United States Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality

United States Government Printing Office
Washington

For sale by the
Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C.

A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of

The United States of America, the French Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

—against—

Hermann Wilhelm Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Robert Ley, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Walter Funk, Hjalmar Schacht, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder Baldur von Schirach, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl, Martin Bormann, Franz von Papen, Artur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, Constantin von Neurath, and Hans Fritzsche, Individually and as Members of Any of the Following Group or Organizations to Which They Respectively Belonged, Namely: Die Reichsregierung (Reich Cabinet); Das Korps Der Politischen Leiter Der Nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party); Die Schutzstaffeln Der Nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (commonly known as the "SS") and including Die Sicherheitsdienst (commonly known as the "SD"); Die Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police, commonly known as the "Gestapo"); Die Sturmabteilungen Der N.S.D.A.P. (commonly known as the "SA") and the General Staff and High Command of the German Armed Forces are as defined in Appendix B of the Indictment,

Defendants.

Preface

The present volume is the first of two supplements designed to complete the publication of documents gathered by the American and British prosecuting staffs at the International Military Tribunal in Nurnberg. Whilse most of the documents in this collection were used in cross-examining those of the major German war criminals who took the witness stand in their own defense, this volume, like its predecessors, also incorporates documents not offered in evidence during the trial but which nevertheless are of general historic interest. It includes, in addition, the Closing Addresses of the American and British Chief Prosecutors and the Closing Addresses for the United States on the Indicated Organizations, all of which set forth in bold relief the main features of the prosecution case.

Because of unavoidable limitations, it has not been possible to realize the hopes expressed in the Preface to the original series, that these supplementary volumes might include the documents introduced in evidence by the prosecuting staffs of France and the Soviet Union. However, in order to provide at least some indications of the important contributions of these nations to the total body of prosecution evidence, this volume contains the Closing Addresses of the French and Soviet Chief Prosecutors, which summarize the high points of their evidence and show the emphasis and flavor of their cases. Moreover, the official transcript of the trial, which the United States Military Government of Germany is now publishing in English as well as in French, Russian and German, will contain English translations of excerpts and in some cases the full text of the French and Soviet documents as read into the record, as well as the full text of all the prosecution exhibits in their original language—in most cases German.

For practical reasons the documents in this Supplement are arranged, as in previous novulems, in numerical order within the various document series. Although this system has obvious disadvantages, arrangement in chronological order would be even less satisfactory, and arrangement by subject matter would either be misleading or involve endless duplication, inasmuch as many documents deal with several different and unrelated topics. But in order to assist the reader interested in documents bearing on a given subject, a careful cross-index at the end of the volume classifies all the documents under topic headings corresponding to the subjects of the various topical and individual defendant briefs in Volumes I and II. By grouping the documents listed at the end of these briefs with the parallel list of references at the end of the present volume, one may quickly find his way to all the documents pertinent to his particular interest. For example, all the material relative to the Austrian Anschluss may speedily be located by consulting the index following the brief on "Aggression Against Austria" Vol. I (p. 505), and by reference to the same topic in the cross-index at the end of the present volume (p. 1333).

Finally, acknowledgement must be made once again to the Department of State and the War Department for their generous allocation of the funds to make possible the present volume and its companion, Supplement B, which is now in the course of preparation.

6 August 1947

Charles A Horsky
William E. Jackson
Alma Fe Soller
Editors

Approved:

Robert H. Jackson
U.S. Chief of Counsel

iv


CONTENTS
    Page
Preface   iv
  Rules of the International Military Tribunal 1
  Closing Address for United States of America by Robert H. Jackson, Chief of Counsel 7
  Closing Address for United Kingdom, Great Britain and Ireland, by Sir Hartley Shawcross 61
  Closing Argument for the Provisional Government of the French Republic by M. Champetier de Ribes and M. Dubost 156
  Closing Argument for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic by Lt. Gen. R. A. Rudenko 199
  Closing Statement for United States of America on the Indicted Organizations by Thomas J. Dodd 263
  Closing Statement for United States of Ameica on General Staff and High Command by Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor 297
Documents (A singles asterisk (*) before a document indicates that the document was received in evidence at the Nurnberg trial. The USA and GB series number, given in parentheses following the description of the document, is the official exhibit number assigned by the court.)  
*032-PS Letter from Rosenberg to Himmler, 2 April 1943, with enclosures concerning activities of Reichskommissar Koch and the Zuman forest (GB 321) 331
*045-PS Memorandum of 16 March 1942 from Rosenberg to the Fuehrer, re: The aim of German politics, notably in the Ukraine. (USA 822) 335
*086 Letter from Sievers to Brandt, 2 November 1942, requesting 150 Jewish skeletons for experiments. (GB 573) 1285
*087 Letter from Sievers to Eichmann, 21 June 1943, subject: Establishment of collection of skeletons. (GB 577) 1286
    Page
*088 Letter from Sievers to Dr. Brandt, 5 September 1944, recquesting instructions on preservation of collection of Jewish skeletons. (GB 578) 1287
*089 Letter from Brandt to Eichmann, 6 November 1942, requesting cooperation in establishing collection of skeletons. (GB 576) 1287
*091 Notes by Berg, 15 and 20 October 1944, regarding destruction of skeleton collection. (GB 579) 1288
*092
*116
*Affidavit K
*Affidavit L
*Interrogation I
  List of Exhibit Numbers assigned by the International Military Tribunal to documents presented by the United States 1299
  List of Exhibit Numbers assigned by the International Military Tribunal to documents presented by Great Britain 1317
  Index of Documents 1329