The Holocaust Historiography Project

Partial translation of document C-17

            HISTORY OF THE GERMAN NAVY 1919-1939

     Part A (1919-THE YEAR OF TRANSITION), Chapter VII.

      First efforts to circumvent the Versailles Treaty
                  and to limit its effects.

(Page 70)

(a) Demilitarization of the Administration, incorporation of Naval
offices in Civil Ministries, etc.

(Page 75)

(e.g. Incorporation of greater sections of the German maritime
observation station and the sea-mark system in Heligoland and Kiel, of
the Ems-Jade-Canal, etc., into the Reich Transport Ministry up to 1934 ;
Noskes' proposal of 11.8.1919 to incorporate the Naval Construction
Department in the Technical High School, Berlin; formation of the "Naval
Arsenal Kiel".)

(b) The saving from destruction, of coastal fortifications and guns.

(Page 85)

1. North Sea (strengthening of fortifications with new batteries and
modern guns between the signing and the taking effect of the Versailles
Treaty; dealings with the Control Commissioninformation, drawings,
visits of inspection, result of efforts.

(Page 90)

2. Baltic. (Taking over by the Navy of fortresses Pilau and Swinemuende
; salvage for the Army of 185 movable guns and mortars there.)

(Page 95)

3. The beginnings of coastal air defence.


       Part B (1920-1924.-The ORGANIZATIONAL NEW ORDER
                         Chapter V.

(Page 140)

     The Navy
     Fulfilment and avoidance of the Versailles Treaty
     Foreign Countries

(Page 145)

(a) The inter-allied Control Commissions

(Page 150)

(b) Defense measures against the fulfilment of the Versailles Treaty and
independent arming behind the back of the Reich Government and the
legislative bodies.

(Page 155)

1. Dispersal of artillery gear and munitions, of hand and automatic

(Page 160)

2. Limitation of demolition work in Heligoland.

(Page 165)

3. Attempt to strengthen personnel of the Navy, from 1923.

(Page 170)

4. The activities of Captain Lohmann (founding of numerous associations
at home and abroad, participations, formation of "sports" unions and
clubs, interesting the film industry in naval recruitment)

(Page 175)

5. Preparation for re-establishing the German U-boat arm since 1920

(Projects and deliveries for Japan, Holland, Turkey, Argentine and
Finland. Torpedo testing)

                                                              [Page 820]

(Page 180)

6. Participation in the preparation for building of the Luftwaffe
(preservation of aerodromes, aircraft construction, teaching of courses,
instruction of midshipmen in anti air raid defence, training of pilots).

(Page 185)

7. Attempt to strengthen the mining branch.


         Part C (1925-1932. REPLACEMENT OF. TONNAGE)
                         Chapter IV.

     The Navy, The Versailles Treaty, Foreign Countries.

(Page 110)

(a) The activities of the Inter-allied Control Commissions (up to
31.1.27; discontinuance of the activity of the Naval. Peace Commission)

(Page 120)

Independent armament measures behind the back of the Reich Government
and legislative bodies up to the Lohmann case.

(Page 125)

1. The activities of Captain Lohmann (continuation) their significance
as a foundation for the rapid reconstruction work from 1935.

(Page 130)

2. Preparation for the re-strengthening of the German U-boat arm from
1925 (continuation), the merit of Lohmann in connection with the
preparation for rapid construction in 1925, relationship to Spain,
Argentine, Turkey; the first post war U-boat construction of the German
Navy in Spain since 1927; 250 ton specimen in Finland, preparation for
rapid assembly; electric torpedo; training of U-boat personnel abroad in
Spain and Finland. Formation of U-boat school in 1932 disguised as an
anti U-boat school.

(Page 135)

3. Participation in the preparation for the reconstruction of the
Luftwaffe (continuation). Preparations for a Naval Air Arm, Finance
Aircraft Company Sevra, later Luftdienst GMRH; Naval Flying School
Warnemuende; Air Station List, training of sea cadet candidates,
Military tactical questions "Air Defence Journeys", technical
development, experimental station planning, trials, flying boat
development DX etc., catapult aircraft, arming, engines ground
organization, aircraft torpedoes, the Deutchsland Flight 1925 and the
Seaplane Race 1926.

                                                              [Page 822]

(Page 140)

4. Economic re-armament ("The Tebeg"-Technical Advice and Supply Company
as a disguised Naval Office abroad for investigating the position of raw
materials for industrial capacity and other War economic questions.)

(Page 145)

5. Various measures. (The NV Aerogeodetic Company-secret

(Page 150)

(e) Planned Armament Work with the tacit approval of the Reich
Government, but behind the backs of the legislative bodies (1928 to the
taking over of power)

(Page 155)

1. The effect of the Lohmann case on the secret preparations; winding up
of works which could not be advocated; resumption and carrying on of
other work.

(Page 160)

2. Finance question. ("Black Funds" and the Special Budget).

(Page 165)

3. The Labour Committee and its objectives

(Page 170)

(d) The Question of Marine Attaches

(The continuation under disguise; open re-appointment 1932-1933).

(e) The question of Disarmament of the Fleet abroad and in Germany (The
Geneva Disarmament Conference 1927; the London Naval Treaty of 1930 ;
the Anglo-French-Italian Agreement 1931. The League of Nations
Disarmament Conference 1932).

        Part D (1933-1939. THE GERMAN NAVY DURING THE
             MILITARY FREEDOM PERIOD) Chapter I.

(Page 5)

I. National Socialism. and the question of the Fleet and of prestige at

(Page 10)

II. Incorporatiov of the Navy in the National Socialist State.

(Page 15)

(a) National Socialism in the Navy before 1933

(Page 20)

(b) The taking over of power and the Navy

(Page 25)

(c) The oath of the Navy to the Fuehrer

                                                              [Page 823]

(Page 30)

(d) The taking over of the National insignia of the Party by the Navy
(Autumn 1933, November 1935)

(Page 35)

(e) The first alteration of Flag (March 1933 and the New War Flag

(Page 40)

(f) The Supreme Commander of the Navy placed under the Fuehrer (February

(Page 45)

III. The Re-armament of the .Nary tender the Direction of the Reich
Government in a disguised way. (1933 up to the achieving of military
freedom in 1935)

(Page 50)

(a) The 7terc~ political bases fur urrrrumertt questions Reichrat
Reichstag Party.

(Page 55)

(b) The Independence of the Supreme Commander of the Navy with regard to
the Re-armament and Development of the Navy.

(The only limitation disguise of the re-armament work with regard to the
Versailles Treaty)

(Page 60)

(c) Public Budget and Maintaining of the previous Special Budget

(Page 65)

(d) Preparations for the construction of a strong fleet and the first
results in the construction of the Navy (1933-1935)

(Page 70)

1. In the fleet. (Launchings, commissionings, construction of
auxiliaries, etc.)

(Page 75)

2. With coastal fortifications, etc.

(Page 80)

IV. The Period of Military Freedom

(Page 85)

(a) 16th March, 1935

(Page 90)

(b) The Fuehrer's speech dated 21.5.1935

(Point VIII concerning the future German Naval Policy).

The Defence Act of 21.5.1935 and its implications for the Navy.

                                                              [Page 824]

(The legal framework of the Navy; change of names and new formations
from 1935)

(Page 95)

(e) German-English Fleet Relationship from, 1933

(Page 100)

1. The attitude of the Fuehrer to the question of competitive
re-armament and a new fleet rivalry threatening peace

(Page 105)

2. The German-Anglo Naval Agreement dated 18.6.35. Contents: example of
voluntary limitation of armament; chief points: the nullification of all
naval conditions of the Versailles Treaty, for example the prohibition
of U-boats, aircraft, coastal fortifications. (Concerning this,
15.11.1936, the declaration of the German Government over the suspension
of the limiting conditions of the Versailles Treaty.) Reich Sovereignty
of waterways, for example territorial rights in the North Sea-Baltic
Canal. The extensive discussions of 22.6.35 over the future qualitative
limitations of construction programme. The German renunciation of the
unrestricted U-boat warfare of 25.6.1935. The fulfilment of the Naval
Agreement in the year 1937 and the discussions of December 1938. The
abrogation of the treaty on 28.4.1939

(Page 115)

(d) Naval Activity in neu! construction after the conclusion of the
Anglo-German Agreement

(Page 120)

1. New plans for expansion and measures for the construction programme:
launchings' and commissionings, coastal fortifications. (The effects of
the preparations of the period 1919-1920 — with the U-boat arm.)
Comparisons with foreign countries.

(Page 123)

1a.. Co-operation with the Army

(Page 125)

2. The economic significance of re-armament of the Navy.

(Scope of development of the active armament industry for the Navy)

(Page 130)

(e) The Personnel side of re-armament.

(Page 135)

1. The increase in numbers

(Page 140)

2. Recruitment

(Page 145)

3. Training question

                                                              [Page 825]

(Page 150)

(f) The re-incorporation o f naval sections previously disbanded (e. g.
sections of the German Sea-mark Service)

(Page 155)

(g) The Navy at Work

(Page 160)

1. In representing German Interests and in warding off Bolshevistic
attacks against Europe in Spain (Activities, trials, experiences)

(Page 165)

2. The return home of Austria and the taking over of the Danube flotilla
1938. The cultivation of the "Gross-Deutschland" tradition in the Navy
(Prim Eugen)

(Page 170)

3. The participation of the Navy in the reunion of Memel with the Reich

(Page 175)

4. Service abroad

(Page 180)

5. Research. Surveying, Charts

(Page 185)

6. Fishery Protection

(Page 190)

V. The Preparation of the Merchant Navy for Future War Tasks.

(Page 215)

VII. The encouragement of Naval, and Sea mindedness in the German

(Page 220)

(a) The Navy at Party Congresses.

(Page 225)

(b) The foundation of the Reich League for German prestige at sea — its
tasks and the work of the Party

(Page 230)

(c) The Navy at the 1936 Olympic Games