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Partial translation of document 3317-PS
VON PAPEN’s ADDRESS, AS CHANCELLOR, Delivered in Munich on 12 October 1932, Frankfurter Zeitung, 13 October 1932, Page 2. It is a historical falsification when it is claimed today that I, the Chancellor, had prevented National Socialism form taking over the responsibility. The offer of 13 August gave the NSDAP a share in the power in the Reich and in Prussia which would have assured it decisive influence. Hitler did not accept this offer because he believed that he as leader of a movement represented by 230 parliamentary mandates should claim the position of the chancellor. He made this claim on the principle of totalitarianism, of exclusiveness which his party adheres to. ******* The essence of conservative ideology is its being anchored in the divine order of things. That too is its fundamental difference compared with the doctrine advocated by the NSDAP. The principle of "exclusiveness” of a political “everything or nothing” which the latter adheres to, its mythical Messiah-belief in the bombastic Fuehrer who alone is destined to direct fate, gives it the character of a political sect. And therein I see the unbridgeable cleavage between a conservative policy born of faith and a nationalsocialist creed as a matter of politics. It seems to me that today names and individuals are unimportant when Germany’s final fate is at stake. What the nation demands is this: it expects of a movement which has written upon its banner the internal and external national freedom that it will act, at all times and under all circumstances, as if it were the spiritual, social and political conscience of the nation. If it does not act that way; if this movement follows merely tactical points of view, democratic parliamentarian points of view, if it engages in the soliciting of mass support using demagogic agitation and means of proletarian class struggle-then it is not a movement any more, it has become a political party. ******* And, indeed, the Reich was almost destroyed by the political parties. One simply cannot, on one side, despise mercilessly masses and majorities, as Herr Hitler is doing, and on the other hand surrender to parliamentarian democracy: surrender to the extent of adopting resolutions against one’s own government together with the Bolshevists. ******* In the interests of the entire nation we decline the claim to power by parties which want to own their followers body and soul, and which want to put themselves, as a party or a movement, over and above the whole nation.