The Holocaust Historiography Project

Glossary

  GLOSSARY OF COMMON GERMAN AND NAZI TITLES, DESIGNATIONS, AND
            TERMS, WITH THEIR OFFICIAL ABBREVIATIONS

 Abbreviation          German                  English

                         A

               Abschnitt              Regional unit of SS and SD
                                      (about divisional
                                      strength)
Abt            Abteilung              Division
Adtsch R.      Akademie fuer          Academy for German Law
               Deutsches Recht
               Amt                    Office
AG             Aktien-Gesellschaft    Joint Stock Company
               Amtsgericht            Local Court
               Angriffskrieg          War of Aggression
               Anklagebehoerde        Office of Public
                                      Prosecutor
               Ausland                The world outside the
                                      borders of the Reich
AO             Auslands-Organisation  Foreign Organization of
                                      the NSDAP
               Auslandsdeutsche       German citizens residin
                                      outside Germany
APA            Aussenpolitisches Amt  NSDAP Bureau for Foreign
                                      Affairs
aD             Auswaertiges Amt       Ministry for Foreign
                                      Affairs

                         B

               Beauftragter           Commissioner, delegate

BdF            Beauftragter des       Delegate of the Fuehrer
               Fuehrers fuer die      for the Total Supervision
               Ueberwachung der       of Intellectual and
               gesamten geistigen     Ideological Training and
               und                    Education of the Party
               weltansschaulichen     (Rosenberg)
               Schulung und
               Erziehung der NSDAP
               Beauftragter fuer den  Delegate for the Four Year
               Vierjahresplan         Plan (Goering)
BdO.           Befehlshaber der       Commander of the Order
               Ordnungspolizei        Police
BdS.           Befehlshaber der       Commander of the Security
               Sicherheitspolizei     Police
               Befehlsleiter          Rank in Party
                                      Administration
               Bereichsleiter         Rank in Party
                                      Administration
Bev.           Bevollmaechtigter      Plenipotentiary
               Bewegung               The movement, i.e., the
                                      Nazi Party, including
                                      Party formations,
                                      affiliated and supervised
                                      organizations
               Block                  Smallest unit of the Nazi
                                      Party, including several
                                      houses
               Blockleiter            NSDAP leader of a block
               Botschafter            Ambassador
BDM            Bund Deutscher Maedel  German Girls' League
                                      (female Hitler Youth)
BGB            Buergerliches          German Civil Code
               Gesetzbuch

                         C

Ch.            Chef                   Chief, head, commander,
                                      superior

                                                     [Page 1086]

               Chef der               Head of civil
               Zivilverwaltung        administration (e.g. of an
                                      annexed area)
               Chefsache              Classified document for
                                      general officers only

                                                 [Page 1085]


                         D

DAF            Deutsche Arbeitsfront  German Labor Front
DFW            Deutsches Frauenwerk   German Woman's
                                      Organization (sub-
                                      organization of the NSF)
DGT            Deutscher Gemeindetag  German Municipal Congree
DHD            Deutscher              German Commercial Service
               Handelsdienst          (News Agency)
DNB            Deutsches              Official German News
               Nachrichtenbuero       Agency
               Dienstleiter           Rank in Party
                                      administration
               Drang nach Osten       Drive to the East
               Dreierkollegium        The College of Three (the
                                      two Plenipotentiaries for
                                      War Economy and
                                      Administration, and the
                                      Chief of the OKW)
DPK            Deutsche diplomatisch- German Diplomatic and
               politische             Political Correspondence
               Korrespondenz          (News Agency of the
                                      Foreign Office)
DRK            Deutsches Rotes Kreuz  German Red Cross

                         E

eh.            ehrenhalber            Honorary
                                                     [Page 1087]

               Einsatzgruppe          Special (Gestapo and SD)
                                      purposes, e.g., executing
                                      Nazi race policy, policing
                                      and raiding occupied
                                      areas.
               Einsatzstab            Special Purpose Staff
               Einsatz Rosenberg      Rosenberg's staff for
                                      looting art treasures
EK             Eisernes Kreuz         Iron Cross

                         F

               Freikorps              Illegal terroist military
                                      formations of former
                                      officers and exz-
                                      servicemen in Germany
                                      after World War I
               Fuehrerbefehl          Fuehrer Order
               Fuehrererlass          Fuehrer Edict
               Fuehrerkorps           Corps of political leaders
                                      of the NSDAP
               Fuehrerprinzip         Leadership principle of
                                      the NSDAP
Fuest.         Fuehrungsstab          Operational Staff
FdR.           Fueh die Richtigkeit   True or accurate copy

                         G
               Gau                    Largest NSDAP unit; 42 in
                                      the Reich and one for all
                                      Party groups outside the
                                      Reich
               Gauamtsleither         Administrative head of the
                                      Party Gauleitung
               Gauleiter              NSDAP leader of a Gau
               Gauleitung             Center of Party
                                      administration in a Gau
               Gauschatzmeister       Treasurer of the Party
                                      Gauleitung

                                                     [Page 1088]

               Geheimer Kabinettsrat  Secret Cabinet Council
Gkos.          Geheime Kommandosache  Top Secret (military
                                      classification)
               Geheime Reichssache    Top Secret (civil
                                      classification)
Gestapo        Geheime Staatspolizei  Secret State Police. The
                                      political police system
                                      established in Prussia and
                                      extended throughout the
                                      Reich and the occupied
                                      territories.
               General-beauftragter   Commissioner-General
               Generalbevoll-         Plenipotentiary-General
               maechtigter
GBA            Generalbevoll-         Plenipotentiary-General
               maechtigter fuer den   for Labor Allocation
               Arbeitseinsatz         (Sauckel)
               Generalbevoll-         Plenipotentiary-General
               maechtigter fuer die   for War Economy (Schacht)
               Kriegswirtschaft
               Generalbevoll-         Plenipotentary-General for
               maechtigter fuer die   Administration (Frick-
               Reichsverwaltung       Himmler)
GG             Generalgouvernement    Government-General
                                      (Poland)

                                                     [Page 1089]

Genst.         Generalstab            General Staff
GmbH.          Gesellschaft mit       Limited liability company
               beschraenkter Haftung
               Gleichschaltung        The process of compulsory
                                      coordination of German
                                      organizations of all types
                                      to conform to the Nazi
                                      racial pattern and accept
                                      Party control.
               Gliederungen der       Party Formation
               NSDAP

                         H

               Haupstelle             Main Bureau
H. Gr.         Heeresgruppe           Army Group
               Herausgeber            Publisher of a Newspaper
                                      or Publishing Firm
               Herrenvolk             Master race
HJ             Hitlerjugend           Hitler Youth
               Hoheitstraeger         NSDAP bearer of
                                      sovereignty within a
                                      specific area of Party
                                      jurisdiction, i.e., a
                                      leader of a Gau, Kreis,
                                      Ortsgruppe, Zelle or Block
HSSPf.         Giegerer SS-und-       Higher SS — and Police
               Polizeifuehrer         Leader

                                                 [Page 1089]


                         I

IA                                    Operations officer or
                                      section; cf. G-3
IB                                    Supply officer or section;
                                      cf. G-1
IC                                    Intelligence officer or
                                      section, cf. G-2
iA             im Auftrag             By order of (above a
                                      signature)

                                                     [Page 1090]

iG             im Generalstab         Attached to the General
                                      Staff
iV.            Im Vertretung          Per (signature); acting
                                      for

                         K

KZ             Konzentrationslager    Concentration Camp
KdF.           Kraft durch Freude     Stength through Joy
                                      (German Labor Front
                                      subsidiary)
               Kreis                  Largest NSDAP subdivision
                                      of a Gau
               Kreisleiter            NSDAP leader of a kreis
               Kreigsmarine           German Navy
Kripo          Kriminalpolizei        Criminal Police
               Kripo-Leitstelle       Regional Criminal Police
                                      office, directly under
                                      Reich Criminal Police
                                      authority
               Kripo-Stelle           Smaller than Kripo-
                                      Leitstelle, but also
                                      directly under Reich
                                      Criminal Police authority

                         L

               Land                   One of the federal states
                                      of Germany (e.g. Prussia,
                                      Bavaria, Saxony, etc.)
               Landesgruppe           The Nazi Party
                                      organization in any
                                      country outside Germany
               Lebensraum             Living space
               Leiter der             Chief of the Party
               Parteikanzlei          Chancellery (Bormann)
Lw.            Luftwaffe              German Air Corps

                         M

Mil. Bef,      Militaerbefehlshaber   Military Commander (com-

                                                     [Page 1091]

                                      manding non-operational
                                      troops in occupied
                                      territories)
               Ministerrat fuer die   Ministerial Council for
               Reichsverteidigung     the Defense of the Reich
               Ministerialdirektor    High civil servant (chief
                                      of a main section of a
                                      Ministry)
               Ministerialdirigent    High civil servant,
                                      ranking below
                                      Ministerialdirektor
               Ministerialrat         High civil servant,
                                      rnaking below
                                      Ministerialdirigent
               Mit deutschem Gruss    With German salute
                                      (equivalent to Heil
                                      Hitler)
MdR.           Mitglied des           Member of the Reichstag
               Reichstags

                         N

NS             Nationalsozialismus    National Socialism
NSBO           Nationalsozialistisch  National Socialist Factory
               e Betriebszellen       Cells Organization
               Organisation
NSDAP          Nationalsozialistisch  National Socialist German
               e Deutsche             Workers' Party; Nazi Party
               Arbeiterpartie
               Nationalsozialistisch  NS German Students' Bund
               er Deutscher
               Nationalsozialistisch  NS University Teachers'
               er Dozentenbund        Bund

                                                     [Page 1092]

NSFK           Nationalsozialistisch  NS Flying Corps
               es Fliegerkorps
NSF            Nationalsozialistisch  NS Women's League
               e Frauenschaft
NSK            Nationalsozialistisch  NS Official News Agency
               e Korrespondenz
NSKK           Nationalsozialistisch  NS Motor Corps
               er Kraftfahrkorps
               Nurnberger Gesetze     Nurnberg anti-Semitic laws

                                                 [Page 1092]

OB             Oberfehlshaber         Commander in Chief
ObKom.         Oberkommando           High Command
OKL            Oberkommando der       Air Force High Command
               Luftwaffe
OKM            Oberkommando der       Navy High Command
               Marine
OKW            Iberkommando der       Armed Forces High Command
               Wehrmacht
OKH            Oberkommando des       Army High Command
               Heeres
OSAF           Oberste SA-Fuehrung    Supreme Command of the SA
ORPO           Ordnungspolizei        Order Police
OT             Organisation Todt      Labor Corps originated by
                                      Todt
               Ortsgruppe             Largest NSDAP subdivision
                                      of a Kreis
               Ortsgruppenleiter      NSDAP leader of an
                                      Ortsgruppe
               Ostland                Baltic countries and White
                                      Russia

                                                     [Page 1093]

                         P

PPK            Parteiamtliche         Offical Party Examinging
               Pruefungskonmission    Commission for the
               zum Schutze des NS-    Protection of National
               Schriftums             Socialist Publications
Pg.            Parteigenosse          Party Member (male)
Pgn.           Parteigenossin         Party Member (female)
               Preussische            Prussian Law collection
               Gesetzsammlung

                         R

               Ratsherr               Town Councillor
               Reichsamtsleiter       Head of a department in
                                      the Party Reichsleitung
RAD            Reichsarbeitsdienst    Reich Labor Service
RAM            Reichsaussenminister   Reich Foreign Minister
                                      (Ribbentrop)
RDB            Reichslund der         German Civil Servant's
               Deutschen Beamten      League
               Reichsdeutsche         German citizens residing
                                      in Germany
RFSS           Reichsfuehrer SS       Reich Leader of the SS
                                      (Himmler)
RGBl.          Reichsgesetzblatt      Reich Legal Gazette
               Reichshauptamtsleiter  Head of the central
                                      departments of the Party
               Reichsinnenminister    Minister of Interior
                                      (Frick, succeeded by
                                      Himmler)
RJF            Reichsjugendfuehrung   Reich Youth Leadership

               Reichskriegsminister   Reich War Minister
RKK            Reichskulturekammer    Reich Ministry of Culture
               Reichsleiter           Member of the Supreme
                                      Party Directorate, in
                                      general the top level
                                      leader of an NSDAP
                                      function
               Reichsleiter fuer die  Reich Leader of Youth
               Jugenderziehung        Education (von Shirach)
               Reichsleiter des       Head of the Legal Office
               Reichsrechtsamtes      of the Party (Hans Frank)
RL             Reichsleitung          Supreme Party Directorate
RM             Reichsmark             The mark; pre-war value
                                      about $.40
RMfdbO.        Reichsminister fuer    Reich Minister for
               die bestzten           Occupied Eastern
               Ostgebiete             Territories (Rosenberg)
               Reichsministerium      Reich Ministry for Popular
               fuer Volksaufklaerung  Enlightenment and
               und Propaganda         Propaganda (Goebbels)
               Reichsnaehrstand       Reich Food Estate
                                      (compulsory association of
                                      all persons engaged in
                                      agriculture)(Backe)
               Reichsparteitag        Reich Party Rally (annual
                                      Nazi Congress at Nurnberg)
RPL            Reichspropagandaleitu  Party Propaganda
               ng                     Department
               Reichsregierung        Reich Cabinet
RRG            Reichs-Rundfunk        Reich Broadcasting
               gessellschaft          Corporation
RSHA           Reichssichterheitshau  Reich Main Security Office
               ptamt                  (Kaltenbrunner)
RT             Reichstag              Reich Parliament
               Reichstatthalter       Reich Governor (of a Land
                                      or Reichsgau)
RVR            Reichsverteidigungsra  Reich Defense Council
               t
               Reichswehr             The German Army

                         S

               Schulungslager         A Party training camp for
                                      political indoctrination
SS             Schutzstaffel          Elite Corps of NSDAP
                                      (black shirts); personal
                                      bodyguard of the Fuehrer,
                                      used for military and
                                      policing purposes
SD             Sicherheitsdienst      Security Service;
                                      Intelligence and counter-
                                      intelligence Agency of the
                                      SS
SIPO           Sicherheitspolizei     Security Police. This was
                                      the name given to the
                                      Gestapo and Kripo
                                      considered jointly
               Staatssekretaer        Under Secretary of a
                                      Ministry and permanent
                                      civil service head of a
                                      ministry
Stalag         Stammlager             Prisoner of War camp (for
                                      enlisted men)
               Standartenfuehrer      Rank in a Party formation,
                                      roughly equivalent to
                                      Colonel
               Stapo                  Gestapo, Secret Police
               Stapo-Leitstelle       Regional Gestapo office,
                                      directly under central
                                      command of Gestapo

SA             Sturmabteilung         Storm Troops of NSDAP
                                      (brown shirts)
               Systemzeit             System Era (Nazi
                                      designation of the Era of
                                      Weimar Republic, 1918-
                                      1933)

                         T

TV             Totenkopfverbaende     Death-Head units of the SS
                                      (Concentration Camp
                                      Guards)
TO             Transozean             Transocean (News Agency)
TP             Transkontinent Press   Transcontinent Press (News
                                      Agency)
               Treuhaender der        Trustee of Labor
               Arbeit

                         U

               Unterstaatssekretaer   Civil Servant, of a grade
                                      lower than Staatssekretaer

                         V

VT             Verfuegunstruppen      SS Units for Special Tasks
               Verlag                 Publishing House
VOBl           Verordnungsblatt       Ordinance Gazette
               Vierjahrsplan          Four Year Plan
               Volk                   Folk, people, race; all
                                      persons of German blood
VDA            Volksbund fuer das     League for Germanism
               Deutschtum im Ausland  Abroad
               Volksdeutscher         A person of German blood
                                      but of non-German
                                      citizenship residing
                                      abroad, and considered a
                                      member of the German
                                      people

               Volksgericht           People's Court, Highest
                                      Court for Political Crimes
               Volksgemeinschaft      People's or racial
                                      community composing all
                                      people of German blood
               Volksgenosse           Racial comrade; a person
                                      of German blood regardless
                                      of citizenship

                         W

WSS            Waffen-SS              Combat SS
               Wehrkreis              Military District
               Wehrkreiskommanda      Military authority in
                                      charge of a Wehrkreis
               Wehrmacht              Armed Forces (Army, Navy,
                                      and Air Force)
WFSt           Wehrmacht-             Operational Staff of Armed
               Fuerrungsstab          Forces
               Wehrwirtschaftsfuehre  Title awarded to prominent
               r                      industrialists for merit
                                      in armaments drive
Wi-Rue         Wehrwirtschafts und    War Economy and Armament
               Ruestungsamt           Office (in OKW)
               Weltanschauung         World-view or philiosophy
WHW            Wilterhilfswerk        Winter Relief Organization
WVHA           Wirtschaft-und-        Economic and
               Verwaltungs Hauptamt   Administration Main Office
                                      (of SS) in charge of
                                      concentration camps

                         Z

               Zeitung                Newspaper

                                                     [Page 1098]

               Zelle                  NSDAP subdivision of an
                                      Ortsgruppe
               Zellenleiter           NSDAP leader of a Party
                                      cell
zbV            zur besonderen         For special missions or
               Verwendung             duties
zV             zur Verfuegung         At disposal