The Holocaust Historiography Project

Codewords

        CODE NAMES AND WORDS USED BY THE GERMAN HIGH
             COMMAND FOR OPERATIONS AND MEASURES
                       DURING THE WAR

ACHSE
Measures to be taken when Italy declared a separate
armistice.

ADLER
Capture of coast between Zara and Fiume.

AFRIKA
Two Italo-German convoys from Italy to Tripoli/Bengasi, end
of December 1941.

AIDA
Occupation of Egypt and the Suez Canal.

ALARICH
Occupation of North Italy and Unoccupied France.

ALPENVEILCHEN
Invasion of Albania.

ANGELHAKEN
(a and b) Attacks on British ships in the North Atlantic by
Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Hipper, etc. December 1940 January
1941.

ANTON
Occupation of Unoccupied France, with Italian cooperation.

ATTILA
Occupation of Unoccupied France; renamed ANTON on 17 June
1942 when land and sea operations were separated.

AUGSBURG
Delay attack, in Operation GELB.

AURORA
"Luetzow" operating against UK-Russian Convoys in 1942.

BARBAROSSA
Attack on Russia.

BEOWULF
(I & II) Occupation of East Baltic Islands, 5 November 1941.

BERLIN 11
(a and b) Attacks on British ships in the North Atlantic by
Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Hipper, etc. December 1940-January
1941.

BIRKE
Withdrawal of troops from Finland.

BLAUFUCHS
Attacks in Baltic Islands and near Finland.

BLUECHER
Part of planned attack on Caspian Sea, 1942.

BRAUNSCHWEIG
Operation around Stalingrad.

                                                 [Page 1079]
CERBERUS
Transfer of "Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, and Prinz Eugen"
through the English Channel, 1942.

CHURCHILL
Danish fishing vessel "Sursum Corda" spying on English Coast
and later called ERICH.

CORSI/CORSO
Part of operation GRUEN.

DANZIG
Execute attack, in Operation GELB.

DELPHIN
Clearance of Dalmatian Islands.

DOMINO
"Scharnhorst and Gneisenau" operating against UK — Russia
convoys in 1942. Name changed from FRONT THEATER.

DOPPELSCHLAG
Scheer and Hipper operating in Arctic, 1942.

EDELWEISS
Operation around Baku and Caspian Sea.

EICHE
Rescue of Mussolini, 1943.

EISBAER
Attack on Cos, 1943.

EISENBAHN
Moving of the "Hipper" to Drontheim.

ELISABETH
Blockade running, Bay of Biscay, 1943.

EISPALAST
"Koeln" operating against UK-Russia convoys. Name changed to
MEISENBALZ, 1942.

ERICH
See CHURCHILL.

EUROPA
Part of operation SEEKRIEG, planned landing on East English
coast.

FELIX
Occupation of Canary Islands, North Africa, and Gibraltar

FEUERZANGE
Combing out certain Adriatic Islands.

FEUERZAUBER
Capture of Leningrad.

FISCHREIHER
Operations along the Volga, to Astrakan.

FLIEGERPILZ
Intended mining of Dardanelles, September 1944.

FREISCHUETZ
Capture of Vis and other Adriatic Islands, 1943.

FRISCHES HAFF
Defense of Danzig.

FRONTTHEATER See DOMINO.

GANGES
Operation in French area.

GELB
Invasion of Holland, Belgium, and Luxembourg.

GISELA
Occupation of Spain.

GRUEN
Invasion of Czechoslovakia.

                                                 [Page 1080]
GUSTAV
The plan to assassinate Gen. Giraud.

HAIFISCH
Attacks diversionary to BARBAROSSA by troops from Norway
against Scotland, 1941.

HARPUNE
See HAIFISCH.

HECHT
See ANGELHAKEN.

HEFTNADEL
See ANGELHAKEN.

HEKTOR
Attack. on Arctic convoys.

HERBSTREISE
Landing on Scotch Coast; diversion to SEELOEWE.

HERBSTSTURM
Evacuation of Adriatic coast.

HERKULES
Attack on Malta, 1942.

HOFFNUNG
Naval operations in Baltic and North Sea, against Convoy P.Q. 19.

                                                 [Page 1080]

HOLZAUGE
Meteorological expedition to Greenland.

IKARUS
Invasion of Iceland — planned 1940.

ILONA
Defense measures against an Allied invasion of Spain,
changed from ISABELLA in June, 1942.

ISABELLA
See ILONA.

JUNO
Norwegian operations, 1940.

KIRSCBLUETE
Voyage of Japanese submarines to Europe.

KONSTANTIN
Occupation of Italian-occupied Balkan territories; changed
from PRINZ EUGEN.

KORALLE
Unidentified operation circa February 1944.

KAMELIE
Projected annexation of Corsica, 1941.

KORSIKA
See GANGES.

KURFUERST
Projected operation against Gibraltar.

LABYRINTH
SEE GANGES.

LACHSFANG
Attack on Murmansk railroad near Kandalakscha.

LANDWIRT
Naval operational group in Mediterranean, 1943-44.

MANDARINE
See GANGES.

MARCO POLO
Operation involving collaboration with Japan.

MARITA
Invasion of Greece, 1941.

MEISENBALZ
See EISPALAST.

MERKUR
Invasion of Crete, 1941.

META
Ship cruising in Swedish water gathering various
information, 1935.

                                                 [Page 1081]

MONSUN
Operation involving use of Japanese Bases.

NAUMBURG
Capture of Narvik, 6 June 1940.

NORD
Operation in Norway.

NORDLICHT
Withdrawal of troops from Norway.

NORDMARK
Bergen/Shetland Islands operations, 1940.

NORDWEST
planned landing in England.

OLDENBURG
The economic counterpart of BARBAROSSA.

OTTO
Annexation of Austria, 1938; also frequently refers to the
Spanish Civil War, 1936-38.

PRINZ EUGEN
See KONSTANTIN.

REGENBOGEN
Attacks against Arctic convoy, P.Q. 20, 1942 and 31 December
/1943.

RENNTIER
Operation Norway, 1941 (blocking Kola Bay).

RHEINUEBUNG
Operations of the Bismarck.

ROESSELSPRUNG
Attacks on convoys (P.Q. 17), 1942.

ROT
The main effort in the West.

ROTBUCHE
Defense of German bases in Estonia.

SAFARI
Counter measures against Danish sabotage.

SCHAMIL
Paratrooper-attack around Maikop.

SCHLESWIG
Part of operation SEEKRIEG (Landing on East English coast)
including attack on Norwegian convoy, February 1940.

SEELOEWE
Invasion of Great Britain.

SILBERFUCHS
Operation in Norway, 1941 (cutting off Murmansk) .

SILBERSTREIFEN
Naval operations in Baltic and North Sea, against convoy
P.Q. 15.

SK - (SEEKRIEG?)
Invasion of East Coast of England.

SONDERSTAB F
Military mission to assist Iraq rebellion 1941.

SONNENBLUME
Capturing Tripoli and Malta (1941).

SPORTPALAST
Transfer of capital ships to Norway.

TAIFUN
Autumn 1941 attack against Timoshenko army.

                                                 [Page 1081]
TAMARA
Encouraging and preparing revolt of natives in the Georgian
Republic, June 1941.

TANNE
Withdrawal of troops from Finland.

TANNE OST
(Aufgabe Hochland) Occupation of Eastern Russia.

THESEUS
Attack by all arms in North Africa, May 1942.

TIRPITZ
Operation against Convoy P.Q. 12, 6 March 1942-9 March 1942
and return from Narvik to Drontheim on 13 March 1942.

TORERO
See GANGES.

WALLENSTEIN
See LANDWIRT.

WEISS
Invasion of Poland.

WESERUEBUNG
Invasion of Norway.

WESTRAUM
Defense operation in France, 1944.

WIESEGRUND
Attack on Northern Russia.

WIKINGER
Attack on fighting vessels, Dogger Bank, February 1940.

WUNDERLAND
Operations in White Sea, August 1942.

ZAREWNA/ZARIN
Mining operations, Murmansk Sea, 1942.