The Holocaust Historiography Project

6. Ernst Kaltenbrunner

A. KALTENBRUNNER ENTERED THE NATIONAL SOCIALIST MOVEMENT IN
ITS EARLY STAGES, AND SUPPORTED IT, AND WAS A LEADER IN lT
UNTIL THE END.

Ernst Kaltenbrunner was born on 4 October 1903 at Ried on
Inn (near Braunau) Austria. He spent his youth in Hitler's
native district. Later he moved to Linz, where he attended
the State Realgymnasium. He studied law and obtained a law
degree in 1926. He spent the first year as apprentice lawyer
at Linze-on-Danube and then worked as a lawyer-candidate,
first at Salzburg and after 1928 at Linz (2938-PS).

Kaltenbrunner joined the Nazi Party and the SS in Austria in
1932. Prior to 1933 he was the District speaker (Gauredner)
and legal counsellor (Rechtsberater) of the SS division
(Abschnitt) VIII. After 1933 he was the fuehrer of regiment
(Standarte) 37 and later of the SS division VIII (2892-PS).

In January 1934 Kaltenbrunner was jailed by the Dollfuss
government on account of his Nazi views, and sent with other
leading National-Socialists into the concentration camp
Kaiser-
steinbruch. He is said to have started and led a hunger
strike of the prisoners and thereby to have forced the
government to dismiss 490 National Socialist prisoners. In
the following year he was jailed again because of suspicion
of High Treason and committed to the military court at Wels
(Upper Danube). After an investigation of many months the
accusation of High Treason was dropped, but he was condemned
to six months' imprisonment for conspiracy. His right to
practice law was suspended because of his Nazi activities
(2938-PS).

After the Spring of 1935 Kaltenbrunner was the leader of the
Austrian SS. In the magazine of the SIPO and SD, issue of 15
May 1943, it is stated:

     "It redounds to his credit that in this important
     position he succeeded through energetic leadership in
     maintaining the unity of the Austrian SS, which he had
     built up, in spite of all persecution, and succeeded in
     committing it successfully at the right moment. After
     the annexation, in which the SS was a decisive factor,
     he was appointed State Secretary for Security Matters
     on 11 March 1938 in the new National Socialist cabinet
     of Seyss-Inquart. A few hours later he was able to
     report to Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler, who had
     landed at Aspern, the Vienna airport, on 12 March 1938,
     3 a.m., as the first National Socialist leader, that
     the Movement had achieved a complete victory and that
     'The SS is in formation and awaiting further orders.' "
     (2938-PS)

Hitler promoted Kaltenbrunner on the date of the Anschluss
to the rank of SS Brigadefuehrer and leader of the SS
Oberabschnitt Donau. On 9/11/1938 he was promoted to the
rank of SS Gruppenfuehrer. During the liquidation of the
Austrian national government and the reorganization of
Austria into Alps and Danube Districts, he was appointed
Higher SS and Police Leader of the governors of Vienna,
Lower Danube, and Upper Danube, in Corps Area (Wehrkreis)
XVII, and in April 1941 was promoted to Major General of the
Police (2938-PS).

On 30 January 1943 Kaltenbrunner was appointed Chief of the
Security Police and SD (RSHA), succeeding Heydrich, who had
been assassinated in Prague in June 1942. Kaltenbrunner held
this position until the end of the war (2644-PS).

On 4 October 1943 at Pozen, Poland, in a speech delivered to
Gruppenfuehrers of the SS, Himmler. made special reference
to "our comrade Obergruppenfuehrer Kaltenbrunner, who has
succeeded our fallen friend Heydrich" (1919-PS).

On 9 December 1944 the decoration known as the Knight's
Cross of the War Merit, Cross with Swords, was given to SS
Obergruppenfuehrer and General of the Police Dr. Ernst
Kaltenbrunner, Chief of the Security Police and the SD (2770-
PS). In addition he held the Golden insignia of Honor and
the Blutorden. He was a member of the Reichstag after the
9th election period 1938 (2892-PS).

Toward the end of the war, Kaltenbrunner's power increased
greatly, especially after the attack on Hitler of 20 July
944. He gained direct access to Hitler. He was very friendly
with Fegelein and his wife, who was the sister of Eva Braun.
So powerful had Kaltenbrunner become toward the end that
even Himmler feared him. On 13 April 1945 the chief of the
German foreign intelligence service, Schellenberg, asked
Himmler to receive the representative of the Jewish World
Congress, Mr. Storsch, from Stockholm, and Himmler said,

     "But how am I going to do that in regard to
     Kaltenbrunner? I shall then be completely at his
     mercy!" (2990 PS).

B. DURING KALTENBRUNNER'S TERM IN OFFICE AS CHIEF OF THE
SECURITY POLICE AND SD, NUMEROUS AND VAST CRIMES WERE
COMMITTED BY THE SIPO AND SD IN THE COURSE OF OFFICIAL
DUTIES.

As Chief of the Security Police after 30 January 1943,
Kaltenbrunner was the head of the RSHA and the regional
offices of the Gestapo, SD, and Kripo. Directly under
Kaltenbrunner were the Chiefs of the main offices of the
RSHA, including Amt III (the SD), Amt IV (the Gestapo), Amt
V (the Kripo), and Amt VI (the SD in foreign intelligence)
(L-219).

Kaltenbrunner had direct responsibility over the offices of
the RSHA. All important matters had to be referred to him or
had to be handled under general or special authority granted
by him to office chiefs.

     "All decisions of principal character are signed by the
     Chief of the Security Police personally. An office
     chief has only the authority to sign 'acting for' and a
     chairman 'by order of' if the subjects treated in the
     respective decrees fit into the general laid-down
     principles according to the plan of distribution of
     authority. Ir. case of doubt it was the duty to get the
     question cleared up by reporting it to the Chief of
     Security Police and SD." (L-34)

     "To my knowledge no chief of office or any of the
     officials of the RSHA, authorized to sign, had the
     right to sign in any principal affairs of particular
     political significance without consent of the Chief of
     the Security Police — not even during
     his temporary absence. From my own experience I can
     furthermore declare that the chief of Amt IV, Mueller,
     particularly was very hesitant in signing documents
     concerning questions of general nature and in some
     cases of greater importance, and that he put aside
     events of such nature in most cases for the return of
     the Chief of the Security Police, whereby often much
     time was lost." (L-50).

Schellenberg, the Chief of Amt VI of the RSHA, has stated:

     "I know of no limitation placed on Kaltenbrunner's
     authority as Chief of the Security Police and SD
     (RSHA). He promptly entered upon the duties of the
     office and assumed direct charge of the office and
     control over the Amts *** He made it very clear in his
     official relations with all of us who were his Amt
     Chiefs that he was the head of the office exercising
     full executive powers and deciding all matters of
     policy. He permitted us to issue directives within the
     organization in our own names pursuant to fixed
     policies established by him, but all important matters
     had to be submitted to him whether he signed them or we
     signed them. He was constantly informed of all matters
     of importance which went on in the entire organization.
     (2939-PS)

During Kaltenbrunner's term in office as Chief of the
Security Police and SD, the following crimes were committed
by the SIPO and SD pursuant to policy established by the
RSHA or orders issued out of the RSHA for all of which he
was responsible by virtue of his office.

(1) Mass murders of civilians of occupied countries by
Einsatz Groups. A general discussion of this and the
following twelve crimes of the Gestapo and SD appears in
Section 6 of Chapter XV. That this crime continued after
January 1943 is shown by the following documents: 3012-PS;
2752-PS; 2890-PS.

(2) Screening of prisoner of war camps and executing racial
and political undesirables. That this crime continued after
January 1943 is shown by the following document: 2622-PS.

(3) The taking of recaptured prisoners of war to
concentration camps, where in some cases they were executed.
That this crime continued after January 1943 is shown by the
following documents: 1650-PS; L-158; 1514-PS.

(4) Establishing concentration camps and committing racial
and political undesirables to concentration and annihilation
camps for slave labor and mass murder. That this crime
continued after January of 1943 is shown by the following
documents: D-50; D-46; L-41; 701-PS.

(5) Deportation of citizens of occupied countries for forced
labor and disciplining of forced labor. That this crime
continued after January 1943 is shown by the following
document: 3012-PS; 1063-B-PS.

(6) The execution of captured commandos and paratroopers and
protection of civilians who Iynched Allied fliers. That this
crime continued after January 1943 is shown by the following
documents: 1276-PS; 532-PS; 526-PS; R-110; 745-PS.

(7) The taking of civilians of occupied countries to Germany
for secret trial and punishment. That this crime continued
after January 1943 is shown by the following document: 835-
PS.

(8) Punishment of citizens of occupied territories under
special criminal procedure and by summary methods. That this
crime continued after January 1943 is shown by the following
document: L-5.

(9) The execution and confinement of persons in
concentration camps for crimes allegedly committed by their
relatives. That this crime continued after January 1943 is
shown by the following document: L-37.

(10) Seizure and spoliation of public and private property.
That this crime continued after January 1943 is shown by the
following documents: 2620-PS; L-18.

(11) Murder of prisoners in SIPO and SD prisons. That this
crime continued after January 1943 is shown by the following
document: L-53.

(12) Persecution of Jews. That this crime continued after
January 1943 is shown by the following documents: L-18; 1061-
PS; 2375-PS; 2605-PS.

(13) Persecution of the churches. That this crime continued
after January 1943 is shown by the following document: 1815-
PS.

C. KALTENBRUNNER HAD DIRECT KNOWLEDGE OF AND RESPONSIBILITY
FOR THE COMMISSION OF MANY SPECIFIC CRIMES.

(1) Kaltenbrunner was fully cognizant of conditions in
concentration camps and of the fact that concentration camps
were used for slave labor and mass murder. Mauthausen
concentration camp was established in Austria while
Kaltenbrunner was the Higher SS and Police Leader for
Austria, and was frequently visited by Kaltenbrunner before
he was appointed Chief of the Security Police and SD (L-51).
On the occasion of one such visit
in 1942, Kaltenbrunner personally observed the gas chamber
in operation (2753-PS). After he became Chief of the
Security Police and SD, Kaltenbrunner visited Mauthausen
concentration camp but with less frequency (L-51). On one
occasion he made an inspection of the camp grounds with
Himmler and had his photograph taken during the course of
the inspection (2641-PS). After a visit to Mauthausen in
1944 Kaltenbrunner reported to his Amt Chiefs with pride
that he had helped to build up Mauthausen when he was Higher
SS and Police Leader in Austria and that the camp was
engaged in valuable armament work (2990-PS). Mauthausen
concentration camp was classified by Heydrich in January
1941 in category III, a camp for the most heavily accused
prisoners and for asocial prisoners who were considered
incapable of being reformed (1063-A-PS).

There were frequent conferences between the RSHA and
executives of the SS Wirtshaft and Verwaltungshauptamt who
had charge of the internal administration of concentration
camps. The affidavit of Rudolf Mildner states with respect
to these conferences:

     "SS Obergruppenfuehrer Dr. Kaltenbrunner attended
     personally conferences with SS Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl,
     Chief of the SS Wirtschaft and Verwaltungshauptamt and
     Chief of the concentration camps. Due to these
     conferences and through talks with the Chief of Office
     Gruppenfuehrer Mueller of Amt IV and Gruppenfuehrer
     Nebe of Amt V, the Chief of the Security Police and SD,
     SS Obergruppenfuehrer Dr. Kaltenbrunner, must have
     known the state of affairs in the concentration camps."
     (L-35)

(2) With full knowledge of conditions in and the purpose of
concentration camps, Kaltenbrunner ordered or permitted to
be ordered in his name the commitment of persons to
concentration camps. All orders for protective custody other
than short-term confinements were issued in the name of
Kaltenbrunner as Chief of the Security Police and SD and
bore the facsimile stamp of his signature (2477-PS).

The commandant of Buchenwald concentration camp in his
affidavit

     "With the exception of the mass delivery of prisoners
     from the concentration camps of occupied territories,
     all prisoners were sent to the concentration camp
     Buchenwald on orders of the Reichssicherheitschauptamt,
     Berlin. These preventive arrest orders (red blanks)
     were in most cases signed with
     the name Kaltenbrunner. The few other preventive arrest
     orders were signed with 'Foerster."'

On 7 July 1943 an order for protective custody was issued by
the Gestapo (Amt IV C 2, RSHA) bearing the facsimile
signature of Kaltenbrunner, to be sent in the form of a
telegram to the Gestapo office in Koeslin in the case of a
woman whose offense was stated to be failure to work, work
sabotage, and asocial conduct. She was ordered to be
confined in the concentration camp at Ravensbrueck (2745-
PS).

On 19 January  1944 a warrant for protective custody was
issued by the Gestapo (Amt IV C 2 of the RSHA) certified as
signed by Kaltenbrunner, to a British subject, C. S. James,
on the grounds that he had been proven guilty of activities
to the detriment of the German Reich, and that there was
reason to expect that he would, if released, commit acts
prejudicial to the Reich (1574-PS).

Other instances of commitments to various concentration
camps on orders, signed by Kaltenbrunner, are contained in
the dossiers of 25 Luxembourgers committed to concentration
camps by the Einsatzkommando of the Sipo and SD in
Luxembourg during the year 1944. The concentration camps to
which the persons were committed included Dachau,
Natzweiler, Sachsenhausen, and Buchenwald. Among the grounds
were: "strongly suspected of working to the detriment of the
Reich; " "spiteful statements inimical to Germany as well as
aspersions and threats against persons active in the
National Socialist movement;" "strongly suspected of aiding
desertion;" "as relative of a deserter expected to take
advantage of every occasion to harm the German Reich." (L-
215).

Further orders for commitments to concentration camps are
contained in file of 42 telegrams, all issued by the RSHA,
Amt IV A 6, Prague, to the Gestapo Office at Darmstadt, and
all signed by Kaltenbrunner, during the period from 20
September 1944 to 2 February 1945. The concentration camps
to which people were sent included Sachsenhausen,
Ravensbrueck, Buchenwald, Dachau, Bergen-Belsen,
Flossenburg, and Theresienstadt. Nationalities included
Czech, German, French, Dutch, Italian, Corsican, Lithuanian,
Greek, and Jew. Grounds included "refusal to work;"
"religious propaganda;" "sex relations with PWs;" "communist
statements;" "loafing on job;" "working against the Reich;"
"spreading of rumors detrimental to morale;" "Aktion
Gitter;" "breach of work contracts;" "statements
against Germany;" "assault of foreman;" "defeatist
statements;" "theft and escape from jail". (2239-PS).

(3) Kaltenbrunner authorized executions in concentration
camps. Adolf Zutter, the adjutant of Mauthausen
concentration camp, avers that, until the assassination of
Heydrich, orders for executions at Mauthausen were signed by
Heydrich or his substitute, and that after Kaltenbrunner
became Chief of the Security Police and SD they were signed
either by Kaltenbrunner or by his substitute, Mueller.
Zutter mentions a specific instance in which Kaltenbrunner
ordered the execution of a group of 12 to 15 uniformed
members of an American military mission (L-51).

(4) Kaltenbrunner had knowledge of the commitment of
thousands of Warsaw Poles to concentration camps and refused
to release them. During the suppression of the Warsaw
uprising of 1944, about 50,000 to 60,000 inhabitants of
Warsaw were sent to concentration camps. As a result of
entreaties by Hans Frank to Himmler the deportation was
stopped. Frank and Buehler, his State Secretary, requested
Kaltenbrunner to release the persons who had been committed.
Kaltenbrunner refused to release them on the grounds they
were employed in making secret weapons for the Reich and
declared that the number transported into concentration
camps in the Reich was small. Buehler verified the fact that
the number of persons so placed in concentration camps for
forced labor was 50,000 to 69,999 (2476-PS) .

(5) Kaltenbrunner controlled the deportation of Poles, Jews,
and other non-Germans from Poland. Otto Hofmann, former
Chief of the SS Main Office for Race and Settlement Matters,
stated:

     "The execution of all so-called resettlement actions,
     that is, the sending away of Polish, Jewish, and people
     of non-German blood, inhabitants of a territory in
     Poland destined for Germanization was in the hands of
     the Chief of the RSHA, Heydrich, and, since the end of
     1942, Kaltenbrunner." (L-49)

(6) Kaltenbrunner ordered the deportation of Jews from Der
mark. In, September 1943 Himmler ordered the Danish Jews
arrested and shipped to Stettin and from there to
Theresienstadt concentration camp. Mildner, the Chief of the
Sipo and SD, telegraphed the RSHA to request that the Jewish
persecutions be
stopped. In reply he received an order from Himmler through
Kaltenbrunner to carry out the anti-Jewish action. Shortly
thereafter Mildner flew to Berlin to speak to Kaltenbrunner
personally about the matter. In Kaltenbrunner's absence he
spoke to Mueller. After his return to Copenhagen, Mildner
received a direct order from Himmler through Kaltenbrunner
to carry out the anti-Jewish actions immediately (2375-PS).

(7) Kaltenbrunner personally exercised punitive authority
over foreign workers. By order of Kaltenbrunner Labor
Reformatory Camps were established under the exclusive
jurisdiction of the Security Police (106-B-PS).

In addition to sending workers to Labor Reformatory Camps,
Kaltenbrunner, through orders for protective custody signed
by him or by facsimile of his signature, committed workers
to concentration camps. On 9 February 1945 a French citizen
was sent to Buchenwald by order of Kaltenbrunner for
shirking work and insubordinate behavior. On 18 June 1943 a
Pole was sent to Natzweiler "to be used as a skilled worker"
by order of Kaltenbrunner. On 2 December 1944 a citizen of
the Netherlands was taken into protective custody "for work
sabotage" by order of Kaltenbrunner. On 2 December 1944 a
French citizen was taken into protective custody for "work
sabotage and insubmissive" (2582-PS; 2580-PS).

(8) Kaltenbrunner personally attended to matters against
Jews and political and concentration camp internees in the
Protectorate. A memorandum found among Kaltenbrunner's
personal effects states in

     "Radio message to Gruppenfuehrer Fegelein Hq. of the
     Fuehrer through Sturmbannfuehrer Sansoni, Berlin.

     "Please report to RF SS and to the Fuehrer that all
     arrangements against Jews, political and concentration
     camp internees in the Protectorate have been taken care
     of by me personally today"

(9) Kaltenbrunner personally ordered the Sipo and SD to
encourage the populace to lynch American and English flyers.
In 1944 at a conference of Amt Chiefs Kaltenbrunner said:

     "All offices of the SD and the security police are to
     be informed that pogroms of the populace against
     English and American terror-fliers were not to be
     interfered with; on the contrary, this hostile mood is
     to be fostered" (2990-PS).

(10) Kaltenbrunner personally worked out the form of
justification to be submitted to cover up the execution of
prisoners of war. In connection with the shooting of some 50
recaptured prisoners of war who had escaped from a prisoner
of war camp near Breslau, Kaltenbrunner worked out with
Mueller and Nebe the false reasons which were to be given to
the Red Gross, that is, that they had been killed by bomb
attacks, or shot while escaping or resisting arrest (2990-
PS).

D. CONCLUSION.

Kaltenbrunner was a life-long fanatical Nazi. He was the
leader of the SS in Austria prior to the Anschluss and
played a leading role in the betrayal of his native country
to the Nazi conspirators. As Higher SS and Police Leader in
Austria after the Anschluss he supervised and had knowledge
of the activities of the Gestapo and the SD in Austria. He
had much to do with developing Mauthausen concentration camp
and visited it frequently. On at least one occasion he
observed the gas chamber in action. With this knowledge and
background he accepted in January 1943 appointment as chief
of the very agencies which sent such victims to their
deaths. He held that office to the end, rising to high
prominence in the conspiracy, receiving honors from Hitler
and gaining Hitler's personal confidence.

  LEGAL REFERENCES AND LIST OF DOCUMENTS RELATING TO ERNST
                        KALTENBRUNNER

Charter of the International Military Tribunal, Article 6.
Vol. I, Pg. 5

International Military Tribunal, Indictment Number 1,
Section IV (H); Appendix A. Vol. I, Pg. 29,59

[Note: A single asterisk (*) before a document indicates
that the document was received in evidence at the Nurnberg
trial. A double asterisk (**) before a document number
indicates that the document was referred to during the trial
but was not formally received in evidence, for the reason
given in parentheses following the description of the
document. The USA series number, given in parentheses
following the description of the document, is the official
exhibit number assigned by the court.]

*526-PS;  Top secret notice, 10 May 1943, concerning
saboteurs captured and shot in Norway. (USA 502). Vol. III,
Pg. 434

532-PS;  Telegram of WFSt, 24 June 1944, concerning
treatment of Commandos. Vol. III, Pg. 437

*701-PS;  Letter from Minister of Justice to Prosecutors, 1
April 1943, concerning Poles and Jews who are released from
Penal institutions of Department of Justice. (USA 497) Vol.
III, Pg. 510

745-PS;  Letter from Chief of SD, Koblenz, 12 June 1944,
concerning enemy aviators who have been shot down. Vol. III,
Pg. 543

*835-PS;  Letter from OKW to the German Armistice
Commission, 2 September 1944, concerning the status of
political prisoners. (USA 527) Vol. III, Pg. 602

*1061-PS;  Official report of Stroop, SS and Police Leader
of Warsaw, on destruction of Warsaw Ghetto, 1943. (USA 275)
Vol. III, Pg. 718

*1063-A-PS;  Order of Chief of SIPO and SD, 2 January 1941,
concerning classification of concentration camps. (USA  492)
Vol. III, Pg. 775

*1063-B-PS;  Letter signed by Kaltenbrunner, 26 July 1943,
concerning establishment of Labor Reformatory camps. (USA
492) Vol. III, Pg. 777

*1104-PS;  Memorandum, 21 November 1941, enclosing copies of
report concerning anti-Jewish action in Minsk. (USA 483)
Vol. III, Pg. 783

*1276-PS;  Top secret letter from Chief of SIPO and SD to
OKW/WFST, 17 June 1944, concerning Commando operations. (USA
525) Vol. III, Pg. 855

*1514-PS;  Order, 27 July 1944, from 6th Corps Area Command
concerning delivery of prisoners of war to secret state
police. (USA 491) Vol. IV, Pg. 53

1574-PS;  Warrant, 19 January  1944, for protective custody.
Vol. IV, Pg. 114

*1650-PS;  Directive to State Police Directorates from Chief
of SIPO and SD by Mueller, 4 March 1944, concerning captured
escaped PWs except British and American PWs. (USA 246) Vol.
IV, Pg. 158

*1815-PS;  Documents on RSHA meeting concerning the study
and treatment of church politics. (USA 510) Vol. IV, Pg. 415

*1919-PS;  Himmler's speech to SS Gruppen fuehrers, 4
October 1943. (USA 170) Vol. IV, Pg. 558

*2239-PS;  File of orders sent by AMT IV, RSHA, Prague, to
Gestapo office Darmstadt, signed Kaltenbrunner. (USA 520)
Vol. IV, Pg. 920

2375-PS;  Affidavit of Rudolf Mildner, 16 November 1945,
concerning activities of SIPOand SD. Vol. V, Pg. 2

2476-PS;  Affidavit of Josef Buehler, 4 November 1945. Vol.
V, Pg. 228

*2477-PS;  Affidavit of Willy Litzenberg, 4 November 1945.
(USA 518) Vol. V, Pg. 229

*2519-PS;  Undated memorandum for radio message from
Kaltenbrunner to Fegelein, concerning arrangements against
Jews. (USA 530) Vol. V, Pg. 256

*2580-PS;  Protective custody decrees signed Kaltenbrunner.
(USA 524) Vol. V, Pg. 305

*2582-PS;  Telegrams ordering protective custody signed by
Kaltenbrunner. (USA 523) Vol. V, Pg. 307

*2605-PS;  Affidavit of Dr. Rudolf Kastner, former President
of the Hungarian Zionist Organization, 13 September 1945.
(USA 242) Vol. V, Pg. 313

*2620-PS;  Affidavit of Otto Ohlendorf, 5 November 1945.
(USA 919) Vol. V, Pg. 341

2622-PS;  Affidavit of Otto Ohlendorf,  5 November 1945.
Vol. V, Pg. 343

*2641-PS;  Affidavit of Alois Hoellriegl in connection with
photographs of Kaltenbrunner, Himmler, and others at
Mauthausen concentration camp. (USA 516) Vol. V, Pg. 354

2644-PS;  Affidavit of Otto Ohlendorf,  5 November 1945.
Vol. V, Pg. 357

2745-PS;  Order for commitment to concentration camp, 7 July
1943, Kaltenbrunner's signature. (USA 519) Vol. V, Pg. 383

2752-PS;  Affidavit of Willy Litzenberg, 8 November 1945.
Vol. V, Pg.392

*2753-PS;  Affidavit of Alois Hoellriegl, 7 November 1945.
(USA 515) Vol. V, Pg. 393

2770-PS;  War Decorations, published in Order Gazette of the
Chief of Security Police and SD, Edition A, 5th year, 9
December 1944, No. 51. 417

2890-PS;  Extracts from Befehlsblatt of the SIPO and SD.
Vol. V, Pg. 557

2892-PS;  Biographical information on Ernst Kaltenbrunner,
published in the Greater German Reichstag, 1938. Vol. V, Pg.
561

*2938-PS;  Article in The German Police, Number 10, Berlin,
15 May 1943, p. 193, concerning Kaltenbrunner. (USA 511).
Vol. V, Pg. 605

*2939-PS;  Affidavit of Walter Schellenberg, 17 November
1945. (USA 513) Vol. V, Pg. 606

*2990-PS;  Affidavit of Walter Schellenberg, 18 November
1945. (USA 526) Vol. V, Pg. 694

*2992-PS;  Affidavits of Hermann Graebe. (USA 494). Vol. V,
Pg. 696

*3012-PS;  Order signed Christiansen, 19 March 1943, to all
group leaders of Security Service, and record of telephone
conversation signed by Stapj, 11 March 1943. (USA 190). Vol.
V, Pg. 731

3361-PS;  Message to all Commanders of Security Police from
Kaltenbrunner regarding arrest of Plant Directors. Vol. VI
Pg. 96

*3427-PS;  Announcement of Kaltenbrunner appointed Chief of
Security Police and SD, in German Police, 15 February 1943.
(USA 512) Vol. VI Pg. 130

 *3462-PS;  Interrogation of Bertus Gerdes, 20 November
1945. (USA 528) Vol. VI Pg. 161

*3723-PS;  Testimony of Gottlieb Berger, 20 September 1945.
(USA 529) Vol. VI Pg. 460

*3762-PS;  Affidavit of SS Colonel Kurt Becher, 8 March
1946, concerning the responsibility of Kaltenbrunner for
concentration camp executions. (USA 798) Vol. VI Pg. 645

*3803-PS;  Covering letter enclosing a letter from
Kaltenbrunner dated 30 June 1944, concerning forced labor of
Jews in Vienna. (USA 802) Vol. VI Pg. 737

*3838-PS;  Statement of Martin Sandberger, 19 November 1945,
concerning Kaltenbrunner's treatment of prisoners. (USA 800)
Vol. VI Pg. 737

*3839-PS;  Statement of Josef Spacil, 9 November 1945,
concerning the meaning of "resettlement" and "special
treatment". (USA 799) Vol. VI Pg. 773

*3840-PS;  Statement of Karl Kaleske, 24 February 1946,
concerning the elimination of the Warsaw Ghetto. (USA 803)
Vol. VI Pg. 775

*3841-PS;  Statement of SS and Polizeifuehrer Juergen
Stroop, 24 February 1946, concerning elimination of the
Warsaw Ghetto. (USA 804) Vol. VI Pg. 776

*3842-PS;  Statement of Fritz Mundhenke,7 March 1946,
concerning the activities of Kaltenbrunner and SS in
preparation for occupation of Czechoslovakia. (USA 805) Vol.
VI Pg. 778

*3844-PS;  Statement of Josef Niedermayer, 7 March 1946,
concerning Kaltenbrunner's part in "bullet" orders at
Mauthausen concentration camp. (USA 801) Vol. VI Pg. 782

*3846-PS;  Interrogation of Johann Kanduth, 30 November
1945, concerning crematorium at Mauthausen and the
activities of Kaltenbrunner there. (USA 796) Vol. VI Pg. 783

*3868-PS;  Affidavit of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Hoess, 5
April 1946, concerning execution of 3,000,000 people at
Auschwitz Extermination Center. (USA 819) Vol. VI Pg.787

*3870-PS;  Affidavit of Hans Marsalek, 8 April 1946,
concerning Mauthausen Concentration Camp and dying statement
of Franz Ziereis, the Commandant. (USA 797) Vol. VI Pg. 790

D-46;  Order designating Herzgenbosch as concentration camp,
18 January 1943. Vol. VI Pg. 1025

D-50;  Order establishing concentration camps at Lublin, 9
April 1943. Vol. VI Pg. 1027

*D-473;  Letter from Kaltenbrunner to Criminal Public
Offices, 4 December 1944, concerning combatting of crime
among Polish and Soviet-Russian civilian Laborers. (USA 522)
Vol. VII Pg. 64

L-5;  Order of Military Commander Southeast, 3 September
1944. Vol. VII Pg. 755

*L-18;  Official report, Katzmann to General of Police
Krueger, 30 June 1943, concerning "Solution of Jewish
Question in Galicia". (USA 277) Vol. VII Pg. 755

L-31;  Communique of the Polish-Soviet Extraordinary
Commission for Investigating the Crimes committed by the
Germans in the Majdanek Extermination Camp in Lublin. Vol.
VII Pg. 772

L-34;  Affidavits of Edmund Trinkl, Chairman of Amt I A 6 of
the RSHA, 2 August 1945. Vol. VII Pg. 774

L-35;  Affidavit of Rudolf Mildner, 1 August 1945. Vol. VII
Pg. 780

*L-37;  Letter from Illmer, Chief of the SIPO and SD of
Radom, to subordinates, 19 July 1944, concerning collective
responsibility of members of families of assassins and
saboteurs. (USA 506) Vol. VII Pg. 782

*L-38;  Affidavit of Hermann Pister, 1 August 1945. (USA
517) Vol. VII Pg. 783

*L-41;  Orders of Mueller, Chief of the Gestapo, 17 December
1942 and 23 March 1943, concerning transfer of workers to
concentration camps. (USA 496) Vol. VII Pg. 784

*L-49;  Affidavit of Otto Hoffman, Chief of SS Main Office
for Race and Settlement, 4 August 1945. (USA 473) Vol. VII
Pg. 795

*L-50;  Affidavit of Kurt Lindow, Director of Office for
Criminal affairs in RSHA, 2 August 1945. (USA 793) Vol. VII
Pg. 796

*L-51;  Affidavit of Adolf Zutter, 2 August 1945. (USA 521)
Vol. VII Pg. 798

*L-53;  Order from Commandant of the SIPO and SD for the
Radom District to Branch Office in Tomaschow, 21 July 1944,
on clearance of prisons. (USA 291) Vol. VII Pg. 814

*L-158;  Circular letter from SIPO and SD Commander of Radom
District, 28 March 1944, concerning measures to be taken
against escaped officers and non-commissioned officer PWs.
(USA 514) Vol. VII Pg. 906

*L-215;  File of orders and dossiers of 25 Luxembourgers
committed to concentration camps at-various times in 1944.
(USA 243) Vol. VII Pg. 1045

*L-219;  Organization plan of the RSHA as of 1 October 1943.
(USA 479) Vol. VII Pg. 1053

*L-358;  Extract from register of arrests by Gestapo in
Poland, 1943. (USA 495) Vol. VII Pg. 1107

*R-110;  Himmler order of 10 August 1943 to all Senior
Executive SS and Police officers. (USA 333) Vol. VIII, 107

*R-135;  Letter to Rosenberg enclosing secret reports from
Kube on German atrocities in the East, 18 June 1943, found
in Himmler's personal files. (USA 289) Vol. VIII,  Pg. 205

Affidavit B;  Affidavit of Otto Ohlendorf, 20 November 1945,
substantially the same as his testimony on direct
examination before the International Military Tribunal at
Nurnberg 3 January 1946. Vol. VIII,  Pg. 596

Affidavit C;  Affidavit of Dieter Wisliceny, 29 November
1945, substantially the same as his testimony on direct
examination before the International Military Tribunal at
Nurnberg 3 January 1946. Vol. VIII,  Pg. 606

Affidavit D;  Affidavit of Walter Schellenberg, 23 January
1946, substantially the same as his testimony on direct
examination before the International Military Tribunal at
Nurnberg 4 January 1946. Vol. VIII,  Pg. 622

Affidavit E;  Affidavit of Alois Hoellriegl 22 November
1945, substantially the same as his testimony on direct
examination before the International Military Tribunal at
Nurnberg 4 January 1946. Vol. VIII,  Pg. 630

*Chart No. 1;  National Socialist German Workers' Party.
(2903-PS; USA 2) Vol. VIII,  Pg. 770

*Chart No. 3;  Organization of the SS. (USA 445) Vol. VIII,
Pg.  772

*Chart No. 5;  Position of Kaltenbrunner and the Gestapo and
SD in the German Police System. (USA 493) Vol. VIII,  Pg.
774

*Chart No. 19;  Organization of the Security Police (Gestapo
and Kripo) and the SD 1943-1945. (2346-PS; USA 480). End of
Vol. VIII