The Holocaust Historiography Project

Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression

Volume I

Office of the United States Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality

United States Government Printing Office
Washington

For sale by the
Superintendent of Documents
U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C.

A Collection of Documentary Evidence and Guide Materials Prepared by the American and British Prosecuting Staffs for Presentation before the International Military Tribunal at Nurnberg, Germany, in the case of

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, and THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

—against—

HERMANN WILHELM GOERING, RUDOLF HESS, JOACHIM von RIBBENTROP, ROBERT LEY, WILHELM KEITEL, ERNST KALTENBRUNNER, ALFRED ROSENBERG, HANS FRANK, WILHELM FRICK, JULIUS STREICHER, WALTER FUNK, HJALMAR SCHACHT, GUSTAV KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH, KARL DOENITZ, ERICH RAEDER, BALDUR von SCHIRACH, FRITZ SAUCKEL, ALFRED JODL, MARTIN BORMANN, FRANZ von PAPEN, ARTUR SEYSS-INQUART, ALBERT SPEER, CONSTANTIN von NEURATH, and HANS FRITZSCHE, Individually and as Members of Any of the Following Groups or Organizations to which They Respectively Belonged, Namely: DIE REICHSREGIERUNG (REICH CABINET); DAS KORPS DER POLITISCHEN LEITER DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (LEADERSHIP CORPS OF THE NAZI PARTY); DIE SCHUTZSTAFFELN DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (commonly known as the "SS") and including DIE SICHERHEITSDIENST (commonly known a the "SD"); DIE GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI (SECRET STATE POLICE, commonly known as the "GESTAPO"); DIE STURMABTEILUNGEN DER N.S.D.A.P. (commonly known as the "SA") and the GENERAL STAFF and HIGH COMMAND of the GERMAN ARMED FORCES all as defined in Appendix B of the Indictment,

Defendants.

CONTENTS
  Page
Preface   v
Chapter
I. Agreement by the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major War Criminals of the European Axis 1
II. Charter of the International Military Tribunal and Protocol of 6 October 1945 4
III. International Military Tribunal, Indictment No. 1 and Statement of Reservation Filed by U.S. Chief of Counsel 13
[ ]
IV. Motions, Rulings, and Explanatory Material Relating to Certain of the Defendants 83
  1. Robert Ley 83
  2. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach 84
  3. Martin Bormann 94
  4. Ernst Kaltenbrunner 95
  5. Julius Streicher 96
  6. Rudolf Hess 97
V. Opening Statement for the United States 114
VI. Organization of the Nazi Party and State 175
VII. Means Used by the Nazi Conspirators in Gaining Control of the German State 184
  1. Common Objectives, Methods, and Doctrines of the Conspiracy 184
  2. Acquisition of Totalitarian Political Control 199
  3. Consolidation of Totalitarian Political Control 218
  4. Purge of Political Opponents and Terrorization 239
  5. Destruction of the Free Trade Unions and Acquisition of Control over the Productive Labor Capacity 252
  6. Suppression of the Christian Churches 263
  7. Adoption and Publication of the Program for Persecution of Jews 296
  8. Reshaping of Education and Training of Youth 312
  9. Propaganda, Censorship, and Supervision of Cultural Activities 328
  10. Militarization of Nazi Organizations 341
VIII. Economic Aspects of the Conspiracy 349
IX. Launching of Wars of Aggression 370
  1. The Plotting of Aggressive War 370
  2. Preparation for Aggression: 1933-1936 410
  3. Aggression Against Austria 450
  4. The Execution of the Plan to Invade Czechoslovakia 515
  5. Opening Address for the United Kingdom 593
  6. Aggression as a Basic Nazi Idea: Mein Kampf 644
  7. Treaty Violations 651
  8. Aggression against Poland, Danzig, England and France 673
  9. Aggression against Norway and Denmark 733
  10. Aggression against Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxumbourg [sic] 760
  11. Aggression against Greece and Yugoslavia 775
  12. Aggression against the USSR 794
  13. Collaboration with Italy and Japan and Aggressive War against the United States: November 1936 to December 1941 840
X. The Slave Labor Program, The Illegal Use of Prisoners of War 875
XI. The Concentration Camps 949
XII. The Persecution of the Jews 978
XIII. Germanization and Spoliation 1023
XIV. The Plunder of Art Treasures 1097